Moses Passes Staff to Joshua
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Volume 1 - THE BEGINNING - A Foreshadow of the Christian's Birth


Volume 3 - JOSEPH, EPHRAIM AND MANASSEH - A Foreshadow of God's Agenda for Jew and Gentile

Volume 4  - CROSSING THE JORDAN RIVER - A Foreshadow of Salvation for Jew and Gentile

Volume 5 - THE BOOK OF REVELATION - God's Agenda for the End Time


Volume 7  - CHRIST IN THE TABERNACLE - A Foreshadow of Redemption


Volume 4 - Table of Contents
Daniel's Prophecy of Seventy Weeks
The Seventieth Week
Gap of Time
Crossing Over from Death to Eternal LIfe
The Way
Christ is the Ark
Jordan - The Waters of Tribulation
Trouble in the Waters
Peter was a Stone


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© 1999 - Donald P. Moss

Volume IV


 A Prophetic Foreshadow of Salvation for Jew and Gentile

By Donald P. Moss


This foreshadow will open the Eye of Your Understanding to hidden manna and enlighten your mind to the writing style of God, as Author of the Bible. The Word of God continually provides to even the most scholarly of the Word, deeper and deeper revelations of God the Father and Jesus the Son. As long as one seeks to continually gain understanding of the written Word, he will grow in his ability to perceive the big picture of the Bible. This foreshadow will be a most valuable piece of the big picture puzzle that will expand one's perception of God's plan for each Christian and the whole of mankind.


This book reveals a foreshadow (hidden manna) concerning God's agenda established for the salvation for Israel. Many times God orchestrated historical events to foreshadow future events for Israel. Since "salvation is from the Jews" (John 4:22), an integral part of the Abrahamic covenant, understanding the time of the Jews salvation forms a large piece of the big picture puzzle.

This study centers around an Old Testament foreshadow, a prophecy establishing a segment of time God allotted for Israel to finish transgression and bring in everlasting righteousness. To date, this segment of time is not yet finished. Included within God's time allotment for the salvation of the Jews is a space of time God set up to engraft the Gentiles into His covenant of salvation (Romans 11:25-26).

The birth of the church through Christ God was kept secret from Old Testament prophets. The Old Testament prophets did not know their writings contained foreshadows of the church. They knew about Christ the Messiah, but God kept the church a secret. The family of God (church) is included throughout the Old Testament because the church was on the mind of God as He "chose us in Him before the foundation of the world" - Ephesians 1:4. Foreshadows are a literary method God employed in authoring the Bible to keep Christians a secret. This foreshadow is one in which God reveals the salvation of the Jews and Gentiles and is the only one that reveals the season for the end time harvest / rapture of the Gentiles and Jews.

Note: Some scholars like to opine about the use of the word rapture and how it is not a biblical word. I personally do not have an objection to using the word rapture because I know it is speaking of Christ harvesting the earth to separate the righteous from the unrighteous. So whether I use the word "rapture" or "harvest", they have the same meaning when applied to the gospel harvest of the end time.

This book will be one you will want to share with your Christian and Jewish friends because it reveals the time established for Israel's salvation. Although your have not heard this lesson previously, you will be blessed with fresh revelation of a very important event in God's agenda for Israel. Faithfully, I believe you will be as blessed reading it, as I was blessed writing it.


The prophetic characteristic and narrative style of the Bible goes beyond man's ability to compose in a manner as to prophetically hide secrets. The following analysis of the foreshadow is a true perspective of the way the Bible is written, as God hid manna in the Old Testament and revealed it in later times to New Testament apostles, prophets and teachers. One of these hidden foreshadows concerns Israel's crossing of the Jordan River. Israel's crossing of the Jordan is a foreshadow of God's established agenda for salvation of the Jews.

See The Origin of the Hebrew Language for additional comments on the figurative and implied use of Hebrew words.

The reality of the foreshadow is validated by studying key Hebrew words associated with God's specific instructions to Joshua. These key words will form the framework for viewing the foreshadow. In other words, a picture of the Jews' and Gentiles' salvation can be seen without changing any of the key Hebrew words used in the Old Testament account of crossing the Jordan River.

God had a specific pattern for Joshua to follow when crossing over the Jordan River. These specific instructions from God are important flags to consider when studying the scriptures because any time God gives specific instructions they invariably reveal prophetic future events planned for Israel.

Another example of hidden manna is seen in God's instruction to Moses for designing and building the tabernacle. The tabernacle is another foreshadow of "us in Him" and is seen in the form of a design pattern (plan), see For the Eyes of Your Understanding - Volume VII.


Having spent forty years in the wilderness because of the previous generation's doubt and unbelief in God's promise to deliver the Promise Land into their possession, Joshua, Caleb and the next generation of believers are ready once again to take possession of the Promise Land. During the forty years Israel has spent in the wilderness, this generation was prepared by God for this purpose. Unlike the first attempt in crossing the Jordan under Moses' leadership, this crossing will require a full persuasion of faith in God's promise and instructions for taking possession of the land by conquest.

This historical recording in the book of Joshua foreshadows Israel's future spiritual "crossing over" to receive the eternal life-giving promises of God. The principles of faith are the same, whether believing God for a promised place in the land or believing God for a promised place in heaven. The Israelites must believe God and hold fast to their faith in God's spoken promise while taking possession of the land. Taking the land from their enemies will require strength and courage. Through their faith in God's spoken promise, God will lead and deliver them from the enemy and grant them victory in their conquests. LIkewise, taking possession of all the promises of God is a faith building adventure. For instance, one of the scriptures used in this foreshadow of taking possession of God's promises is seen in Isaiah 43:2 (NIV) - When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and when you pass through the rivers, they will not sweep over you. When you walk through the fire, you will not be burned; the flames will not set you ablaze. This promise of God requires a full persuasion of faith, trusting God when we cross over the rivers, pass through the waters or walk through the fire.

Even as God used Joshua to show them the way, there will come a future time when Israel must believe and have faith in God's spoken prophetic Word concerning the coming of the Messiah who will instruct and show them the way for taking possession of God's promised salvation. The way of conquest requires strength and courage on the part of the Jews. 


It is appropriate to begin this study in the book of Daniel because it is the only place in the Bible where God has established a set time for the salvation of the nation of Israel. Israel's salvation is God's provisional promise for heavenly habitation. The promise land was God's provision for establishing Israel's habitation or home place in the earth. Israel's salvation and heavenly habitation are theologically linked to each other, as one precludes the other. God's ultimate objective is to have a spiritual habitation with the Jews in the earth and in the future New Jerusalem, as He brings all things together under Christ. Ephesians 1:10 (KJV) - That in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him.

When God provided a way for Israel to cross over to receive His promised provisional habitat, His heart was set on the day Israel would make the final "crossing over" from death to life, as Israel accepts the Messiah as Savior and Lord. The Apostle Paul stated in Ephesians 1:4 (KJV) - According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love. This was the objective of God for creating the earth and for creating mankind. From the moment God "chose us in Him", prior to day one of creation, all that He did in the earth from that day forward was done to reach this objective. It is prudent to realize this was in the heart of God as we study the Bible and interpret all scripture. So, as we study Joshua's recording of Israel's crossing the Jordan, we should understand "us in Him" was in the heart of God as he gave instructions to Joshua. Therefore, "us in Him" will form the framework for the window through which scriptures are viewed and interpreted. In this manner this study of the foreshadow will remain in sync with the heart of God.

Both, Daniel's prophecy of Seventy Weeks and Israel's crossing the Jordan under the leadership of Joshua are linked prophetic foreshadows. Combining Daniel's prophecy and Joshua's account of Israel's crossing over Jordan will reveal Israel's salvation during the end time. As a result, much confusion about the handiwork of God during the end time is cleared up. When the nation of Israel is saved then the end will come as Daniel's seventieth week is fulfilled and Israel has crossed over to their heavenly promise land.

Chapter 1

A Prophecy of Time for Israel's Salvation


Daniel's Prophecy of Seventy Weeks

Most teachings using the text of the book of Daniel are associated with revelations about Daniel's vision concerning the end time period. Daniel's text is most important when understanding the prophetic nature of Old Testament scriptures. An integral part of Daniel's vision is the seventy week time period given to the Jewish nation through Daniel's writing. The seventy weeks should be seen as God's time allocated for Israel's acceptance of Jesus as their long awaited Messiah coming to save Israel from their spiritual adversary.  

Daniel 9: 24-27 (KJV) -

Verse 24 - "Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophesy and to anoint the most holy."

Verse 24 (Con't) - "Seventy weeks" - This established time period for the nation of Israel must be completed in order to fulfill Daniel's prophecy. Each week represents seven years. This is determined by studying verse 25.

Verse 24 (Con't) - "Finish transgression" - The meaning of this phrase is to repent and make an end of sin. At the time of Daniel's prophecy, Israel was in Babylonian exile. The northern kingdom was exiled in 2 Kings 17: 7-23 and the southern kingdom was exiled in 2 Kings 24: 1-21. In 586 BC Jerusalem fell into Babylonian captivity. In 538 BC the first group of Israelites returned to Jerusalem under the leadership of Zerubbabel. In 432 BC the third and final group of Israelites returned under the leadership of Nehemiah. From 432 BC to 5 BC was the time interval between the Old Testament and the New Testament. It was during this time that the Law and decrees, as recorded by Moses, were refined by the Jews in an effort to put an end to sin. But, in their zeal to become more holy by expanding the law to include minute elements of daily life, they failed to bring in everlasting righteousness or put an end to sin. Jesus' statements to the Pharisees and Sadducees in Matthew 23:24 points to their failed effort to achieve a greater form of righteousness by refining the Law.. Matthew 23:24 (KJV) - Ye blind guides, which strain at a gnat, and swallow a camel.

To put an end to sin is to accept everlasting righteousness from God through the blood sacrifice of God's Son instead of relying on the blood sacrifice of animals for the atonement of sin, as provided under the Mosaic Law. Since Israel has not yet accepted the blood sacrifice of God (the Messiah), then an end to transgression has not yet occurred. When Israel accepts the Messiah, then their sins will be remitted and transgression will be completed. Therefore, since Israel has not yet accepted the Messiah's blood sacrifice, then Daniel's seventy weeks of time is not yet completely fulfilled for the Jews. Daniel's prophecy has been fulfilled through the sixty-ninth week, but the seventieth week remains unfulfilled (more information on this subject discussed later in this study).

Verse 24 (Con't) - "Reconciliation for iniquity" - Reconciliation for sin is available only through the sacrificial blood of Christ. When Israel accepts Jesus as the Sacrificial Lamb of God, their sins will be remitted they will be reconciled to God.

Verse 24 (Con't) - Everlasting righteousness" - Is the Jew's righteousness everlasting or temporal?

Deuteronomy 6:25 - And it shall be our righteousness, if we observe to do all these commandments before the Lord our God, as he hath commanded us.

The word "righteousness", as used in this scripture, is taken from the Hebrew word "Tsdaqah" which means "moderately right". In other words, at the time of Moses' giving of the law to Israel, their obedience to the law would be moderate righteousness until the time everlasting righteousness would come through the sacrificial blood of Christ Jesus. In other words, the Jews literally saw their obedience to the law as permanent righteousness. If permanent then there was no need to be re-born or saved under the covering of a New Blood Covenant (God's blood). So, their hearts was harden to the idea they needed to be saved in order to receive everlasting righteousness. Moses' instructions that "and it shall be our righteousness, if we observe to do all these commandments" became the central focus of their religion. Their righteousness was based on their obedience to the law. Righteousness was a matter of "do this" and "don't do this". Unwittingly, the Jews relied on their works of obedience and became self-righteous. Therefore they were blind to the free gift of righteousness by the mercy and grace of God under the New Blood Covenant (forgiveness of sin and reconciliation to God). The apostle Paul uses the words "blindness in part" (Romans 11:25) to describe the moderate righteousness of Israel.

"Blindness" is taken from the Greek word "porosis" (Strong's Concordance - Greek) #4457 - stupidity or callousness.

Used in the KJV to mean blindness or hardness.

The hardness of Israel's heart is seen in Mark 3:2-6 (KJV) - And they (Pharisees) watched him, whether he would heal him on the Sabbath day, that they might accuse him. (3) And he saith unto the man which had the withered hand, Stand forth. (4) And he saith unto them, "Is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath days, or to do evil? To save life, or to kill?". But they held their peace. (5) And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it out: and his hand was restored whole as the other. (6) And the Pharisees went forth, and straightway took counsel with the Herodians against him, how they might destroy him.

The hardness of their hearts is due to the Jews' reliance on observing the Law for their right standing with God. The Pharisees wanted to accuse Jesus of breaking the law of the Sabbath because he was healing a certain man on the Sabbath day. The hardness of their hearts prevented them from seeing the grace of God's working through Jesus.

Since the Jew believes he is righteous before God by observing the Law, he is blinded (hardest of heart) and can not see the need for salvation because atonement for sin is under the Law through the sacrificial blood of animals. He does not realize everlasting righteousness is not earned by deeds of observing the Law, but rather is a free gift of God through their Messiah's death on the cross.

But, this temporal righteousness by obedience to the law was imparted to Israel under Moses and was to suffice until the coming of Messiah. Everlasting righteousness is available only under the blood covering of God's Sacrificial Lamb, Jesus. So, Daniel's prophecy to "bring in everlasting righteousness" definitely points to the salvation of Israel. Thus, the seventy weeks is an allotted time God has established for Israel's salvation.

Note: Everlasting righteousness is available only by faith in Jesus Christ, Messiah. Jesus states in Matthew 5:20 (KJV) - ....That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven. Jesus' statement is an indictment against legalism and works of righteousness based on performance and good deeds.

Verse 24 (Con't) - "Seal up the vision and prophecy" -

When the Seventy Weeks are fulfilled vision and prophecy will cease.

"Vision" is taken from the Hebrew root word "chazah" which means to gaze, (mentally) to perceive, to have a vision of.

"Prophecy" is taken from the Hebrew root word "naba" which means to speak by inspiration.

Paul wrote in I Corinthians 13: 8-10 (KJV) - Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail, whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. For we know in part and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away.

Daniel's sealing of the scroll makes this declaration - When Jesus Christ (that which is perfect) comes then prophecies and visions will be put away.

Note: To date, Christ has come and Israel has rejected him as the Messiah. However, prophesies, visions and other gifts of the Holy Spirit are in effect until the second coming of Christ, which is the end of Daniel's seventy week period. So, when Israel does accept Jesus as the Messiah in the 70th week then prophecies will cease, as well as other gifts of the Holy Spirit because Christ (that which is perfect) has come. Gifts of the Spirit are given to the church to continue the works of Christ in the world until He returns. At which time the gifts will no longer be needed.

Verse 24 (Con't) - "Anoint the Most Holy"-

The law required that all the articles used in the Tabernacle and the Levitical priesthood were to be anointed with the sacred anointing oil - Exodus 30: 22-30. This ritual of anointing included the Most Holy Place and the Ark of the Covenant, upon which was the mercy seat of God.

Simultaneously, at the moment of Jesus' death on the cross the veil between the Most Holy Place and the Holy Place was torn in two. After His resurrection the Levitical priesthood was abolished and Jesus was made the High Priest of the New Blood Covenant. After Jesus' ascension, the anointing oil symbolically represents the anointing of God through the Holy Spirit, which was imparted to the royal priesthood of believers (disciples of Christ) on Pentecost Sabbath.

Jesus became the High Priest of the New Blood Covenant and sat down at the right hand of God, interceding for those who are under the covenant (Hebrews 1-14). So, Israel's "anointing of the Most Holy" is to accept Messiah (the Anointed One) as the only High Priest. Thus, the temporary Levitical priesthood was set aside for the permanent royal priesthood of the Messiah -

Hebrews 7:22-27 (NIV) - Because of this oath, Jesus has become the guarantee of a better covenant. (23) Now there have been many of those priests, since death prevented them from continuing in office; (24) but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood. (25) Therefore he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them. (26) Such a high priest meets our need-- one who is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens. (27) Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself.

Israel will anoint the Most Holy when the gospel of Christ is accepted and by faith Israel accepts Jesus as the true Messiah and Sacrificial Lamb. Jesus is anointed by the faith of the Jews.

The seventy weeks God established for the salvation of Israel comes to an end during the seven year end time tribulation. The end time seven year tribulation period is concerned with Israel's salvation.

The apostle John's vision of the throne room at the beginning of the seven year tribulation (Daniel's seventieth week) - Revelation 5:5-9 (NIV) - Then one of the elders said to me, "Do not weep! See, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has triumphed. He is able to open the scroll and its seven seals." (6) Then I saw a Lamb, looking as if it had been slain, standing in the center of the throne, encircled by the four living creatures and the elders. He had seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth. (7) He came and took the scroll from the right hand of him who sat on the throne. (8) And when he had taken it, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb. Each one had a harp and they were holding golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints. (9) And they sang a new song: "You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, because you were slain, and with your blood you purchased men for God from every tribe and language and people and nation.

"Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David" - This description is an Old Testament Messianic description and most meaningful to the Jew.

"Has triumphed" - Messiah has triumphed over death.

"Able to open the scroll and its seven seals" - Messiah is able to open the seven seal of Daniel's scroll because His death and blood shed for the forgiveness of sin provides reconciliation to God.

"I saw a Lamb, looking as if it had been slain, standing in the center of the throne" - This phrase presents a picture of Messiah Jesus appearing as a slain Lamb. This picture will overlay Old Testament sacrificial lambs (as required by the law for the atonement of sin) to God's Sacrificial Lamb for the remission of sin. To the Jew this will be a great revelation of Jesus as their Savior and Messiah.

"You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, because you were slain, and with your blood you purchased men for God" - Messiah Jesus is worthy because only through Him can the Jew be saved from their sin.

This is a very important revelation of God's end time agenda - Prior to the opening of the first of seven seals, Christ is revealing to the apostle John in his vision that the time for the salvation of the Jews is at hand. Therefore, Daniel's scroll and the salvation of the Jews is unquestionably linked together in the scriptures.

Remember this - Understanding Daniel's prophetic revelation of Israel's salvation is paramount in establishing a proper perspective for interpreting the Book of Revelation.

Daniel 9 (Con't) - The Historical Beginning of the Seventy Weeks Time Period

Verse 25 - Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks; the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.

From the time that King Darius issued the decree to rebuild the temple and the walls around Jerusalem, until the time that Jesus was crucified was seven, threescore and two weeks or a total of sixty-nine weeks. Each day represents one year. This is a total of 483 years. King Artaxerxes issued the decree to rebuild Jerusalem in approximately 458 BC - 445 BC.

Ezra 7:11 (KJV) - Now this is the copy of the letter that the king Artaxerxes gave unto Ezra the priest, the scribe, even a scribe of the words of the commandments of the LORD, and of his statutes to Israel.

NIV Study Bible Notes on Ezra 7:11 - Many regard the letter of Artaxerxes I as the beginning point of Daniel's first 69 "sevens" (Daniel 9:24-27). Others regard the commission of Nehemiah by the same king as the starting point of this prophecy (Nehemiah.1:1, 11; 2:1-8). By using either a solar calendar with the former date (458 BC) or a lunar calendar with the latter date (445 BC), one can arrive remarkably close to the date of Jesus' public ministry.

So, Daniel's prophecy is accurate. The wall was rebuilt in times of trouble in Nehemiah chapter 4 and completed in Nehemiah 6:15 (NIV) - So the wall was completed on the twenty-fifth of Elul, in fifty-two days (445 BC).

Daniel 9 (Con't) - Completion of the First 69 Weeks - A Milestone Historically and Spiritually

Verse 26 - And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself; and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

"Threescore and two weeks" - Sixty nine weeks or 483 years.

"Cut off"- (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #3772 - karath (kaw-rath'); a primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication, to destroy or consume; specifically, to covenant (i.e. make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).

Jesus' crucifixion marks the end of the sixty-ninth week when He was "cut off" (crucified), but not for himself - Daniel 9:26. The covenant God made with Abraham "that all peoples on earth will be blessed through him" was completed through God's sacrificial blood, as Jesus spoke these covenant words on the cross, "It is finished". Even as an animal was sacrificed and used to form a blood covenant or alliance between men (cutting flesh and passing between the pieces), Jesus was sacrificed to form a new blood covenant between God and man. The covenant sacrifice was complete When God shed His blood through His Son.

"Not for himself" - His death was for the redemption of men, not for his own benefit.

"People of the prince that shall come and destroy the city and the sanctuary" - This was the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple in 70 AD by Titus the Roman.

So, in hindsight we can see Jesus' crucifixion (Israel's Messiah) as the fulfillment of the sixty-ninth week. The next question is "When will the seventieth week be fulfilled?" Why is there a pause in time between the sixty-ninth and seventieth week? This gap in time is a relevant link between Daniel's prophecy of seventy weeks and Joshua's crossing of the Jordan river as a foreshadow of Israel's salvation.

Daniel 9 (Con't) - The Seventieth Week

Verse 27 - And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week; and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

"One week" - This is the seventieth week and brings an end to the time God has established for the salvation of Israel. But, this week has not yet taken place because Israel is still following the Law of Moses and Jesus has not been accepted as the Messiah (anointed as the Most Holy). So, between verse 26 and 27 there is a gap in time between the sixty-ninth week and the seventieth week. This gap of time cannot be understood through a literal interpretation of Daniel's scriptures, but is made apparent in the foreshadow.

Surely, we know God had a purpose for including this space of time in the fulfillment of Daniel's prophecy. God is not idle during this time period. It is apparent that during this time God is working with all the other nations outside Israel. THIS IS THE TIME FOR THE GENTILES (those outside the nation of Israel). God engrafts the Gentiles into His agenda for Israel's covenant salvation. Therefore, it was required that God provided a time slot for this engrafting to take place in Daniel's prophecy. Remember, in John 4:22 Jesus told the Samaritan woman "...salvation is from the Jews". So, it is scriptural prudent to see the time for the Gentile's salvation included in the time God has appointed for the salvation of Israel.

Romans 11:25-27 (KJV) - For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles be come in. (26) And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: (27) For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.

Why wasn't there an explanation for this space of time revealed in Daniel's text?

Note: Neither Daniel nor Joshua knew about the "times of the Gentiles", known as the mystery of God because it was kept secret by God. The time for the salvation of the Gentiles was not revealed until after Jesus died for the sins of mankind, giving birth to Gentile converts (the church). After the sin debt was paid by Christ Jesus, the times of the Gentiles was revealed to the apostle Paul. Daniel and Joshua knew about the Messiah, but they did not know about the church's birth through His death and resurrection.

Messiah had to be "cut off" at the end of the sixty-ninth week before there could be a time for the Gentiles. 1 Corinthians 2:7-8 (NIV) - No, we speak of God's secret wisdom, a wisdom that has been hidden and that God destined for our glory before time began. (8) None of the rulers of this age understood it, for if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.

The reason God kept it secret is to allow the blood of Jesus, shed at the cross, to pay the sin debt for the all of mankind. God's covenant with Israel could not be completed until He had offered His only promised Son as the covenant sacrifice. "It is finished" means God has completed His covenant and the door was open for all who would believe and accept atonement for sin under His blood covering. When man is under God's blood covering, he is in God's tent, God's house. If he is in God's house, he is "in Him" - Ephesians 1:4-5 (NIV) - For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight. In love (5) he predestined us to be adopted as his sons through Jesus Christ, in accordance with his pleasure and will -.

The Bible is written in a way as to disclose the mystery of God to believers, but not to others. God , as Author of the bible, uses word mechanics of foreshadows, types, symbols and parables to disclose secret hidden manna to the church. The secrets of the kingdom of God are hidden in the scriptures, but are discerned (disclosed) through the power of the Holy Spirit in the gift of wisdom and knowledge.

Mark 4:11 (KJV) - And he said unto them, "Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables."

Symbols, patterns, people prefigurements, the Law and historical events are used in the Old Testament to foreshadow future things God kept secret. Parables are used in the New Testament to keep things secret from unbelievers.


Is This Gap of Time Revealed in Joshua's Historical Account of Israel's Crossing the Jordan?

If the time for the Gentiles "grafting in" was included in the fulfillment of Daniel's prophecy as a gap of time between the sixty-ninth and seventieth week, then this time should also be present in Joshua's account of crossing the Jordan river if it is a legitimate foreshadow of Israel's salvation.

Joshua 3: 2-4 (KJV) - And it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the host; And they commanded the people, saying, When ye see the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, and the priests the Levities bearing it, then ye shall remove from your place and go after it. Yet there shall be a space between you and it, about two thousand cubits by measure: come not near unto it, that ye may know the way by which ye must go: for ye have not passed this way heretofore.

In the above scripture God provides space between the Israelites and the priests carrying the Ark of the Covenant. From the time that the waters were parted until the time that Israel will cross over, God established two thousand cubits. Again, this space of time is not easily understood through a literal interpretation of scriptures. But, it is easily understood considering this historical account as a foreshadow of Israel's salvation.

"Cubit" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #520 'ammah (am-maw'); prolonged from #517; properly, a mother (i.e. unit of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), i.e. a cubit; also a door-base (as a bond of the entrance).

Use in KJV - cubit, measure, post.

#517 'em (ame); a primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively).

Note: In the English vernacular we have a specific word for a unit of measurement. The English language has specific words for specific meanings. Thus, the English language has a myriad of words. Unlike the English language, the Hebrew language is composed of word pictures because of its cuneiform base. Hebrew has far less number of words, but each word is multifaceted and rich with imagery. Cubit as used in the above scripture means something special. 

Although it seems odd that the Hebrew root word for a unit of measure (length of the forearm) also means mother, this image must be considered when studying Israel's salvation. Mother means to not only to give birth, but to be the bonding catalyst in a family unit. The Hebrew language links the birth and bonding of a family to the cubit when used as a unit of measurement. This definition of "cubit" seems to be a real stretch for English speaking Christians because by default Christians think literally, because the English language consists of thousands and thousands of words with literal meanings. But, considering the Hebrew language consists of word pictures, then we should also perceive Hebrew word pictures for a deeper insight to scripture interpretation.

The cubit measurement as used in Joshua 3:2-4 is a word picture that represents God's prophetic time for giving birth. Another example of measurements representing time allocations is see in - Revelation 11:1-2 (NIV) - I was given a reed like a measuring rod and was told, "Go and measure the temple of God and the altar, and count the worshipers there. (2) But exclude the outer court; do not measure it, because it has been given to the Gentiles. They will trample on the holy city for 42 months."

"Measure the temple" - The set time has arrived to harvest the Jews.

"Count the worshippers there" - This tally will make up the number of believers to be harvested.

"Outer court" - This part of the temple courtyard is not measured because the Gentiles or non-believers will not be numbered with true worshippers.

"Trample on the holy city for 42 months" - Satan uses the non-believers to trample on the things of God for 42 months (the last half of the tribulation period of time). This is the time for the rule of the anti-christ.

John the revelator was told to measure the temple because the time had come to count all those who worship God. This measuring and counting will be done just prior to the 42 month rule of the anti-christ in the last half of the great tribulation. God is counting worshipers because He is separating those who repented under the preaching of the 144,000 from those who did not repent. He will rapture the saved (the great multitude in Revelation 7:19) before the rule of the anti-christ begins at mid-tribulation. This event is a time for birthing believers into the family of God (body of Christ).

Note: See FOR THE EYES OF YOUR UNDERSTANDING - VOLUME VII, "Christ in the Tabernacle" for additional insight to measuring.

At the end of the sixty-ninth week when Jesus shed His blood on the cross, immediately the temple's veil of separation was parted in two and the way was opened for Israel's "crossing over". Israel could approach God through faith in Christ, the High Priest of the New Blood Covenant. Israel no longer needs a priest on earth, as provided in the Mosaic Law, to intercede between them and God. So the parting of the veil in the temple and the parting of the waters for Israel's crossing over to receive their promised inheritance is an important correlation of events. Joshua's account of the literal "crossing over" by Israel into the promise land parallels the spiritual "crossing over" in Daniel's seventy week prophecy of salvation. Both, Joshua's gap in time and Daniel's gap in time began when Jesus was crucified and the veil in the temple was torn in two. Both gaps in time precedes Israel's "crossing over". Both gaps should be seen as concurring narrative time periods provided for the engrafting of Gentiles into the covenant promise.

The measure of this space is two thousand cubits. So, from the time of Messiah's being cut off and the veil in the temple was parted (even as the Jordan waters were parted) to the the time of Israel's "crossing over", two thousand cubits of time will pass and then the Jews will be saved.

This is a most important correlation of scriptures and precept to meditate upon - Joshua's foreshadow establishes a specified time for Israel's salvation (two thousand cubits). Daniel's prophecy establishes the unspecified time for Israel's salvation (the seventieth week).

Christ was crucified in 30 AD. Since this study is concerned with the season and not a specific date for Israel's salvation, a specific time will not be attempted. This two thousand cubits of time is important because it is the only place in the Bible where a defined time slot for Israel's salvation is revealed.  

Are we close to the time of Israel's salvation? The way to salvation (crossing over) was parted (veil in temple was torn in two) in 30 AD. From 30 AD to the salvation of Israel (Israel's crossing over) two thousand cubits of time will pass.

When will the time of the Gentiles be complete? I believe Israel's crossing occurs at mid-tribulation, as discussed later in this study. Therefore, 3.5 years prior to that time is the beginning of the tribulation period, which is the season for the pre-tribulation harvest of the church. The season can get you close to the time of the harvest / rapture, but not specifically. The church needs to be ready today. Christ is coming soon, very soon!

Author's note from the home page: Personally, I believe most all readers of this material will be on the earth for the harvest / rapture of the corporate church. This series of books is a most comprehensive scriptural validation for the seasonal time for the rapture of the church. I recommend completing this Volume 4 and then study Volume 5 of this series for a fresh illumination of scriptures concerning end time harvests of Christians and Jews. Scholars are invited to compare their precepts of God's end time agenda to what is revealed in this series. You will at least be challenged to seek for greater wisdom.

Daniel 9 -Verse 27 (Con't) - "Midst" - In the middle of the Daniel's seventieth week (Seven Year Tribulation) the anti-christ will put an end to daily sacrifice and offerings, and he will set up the abomination (idol) that causes desolation.

Review: Just prior to this time of desolation; the temple is measured, the worshipers are counted and the saved are harvested.

Verse 27(Con't) - "Overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate" - The false religious worship instituted by the anti-christ will cover the nation of Israel and cause Israel's desolation (separation from God), allowing for anti-christ's rule over the nation of Israel.

Verse 27 (Con't) - "Even until the consummation that is determined is poured out upon the desolate" - The anti-christ will reign over Israel until the end that has been decreed by God is poured out upon him and his followers. This occurs under the Bowls of Wrath in Revelation chapters 16 and 18.

Since Daniel's prophecy establishes the time frame for the salvation of Israel and Gentiles who believe, it is appropriate to look in greater detail at Israel's crossing over the Jordan for a deeper revelation and validation of the foreshadow.

Note: Keep the word "midst" in mind as you study the scriptural validations for this foreshadow.


Chapter 2

Crossing the Jordan - A Foreshadow of Salvation


Thus far the study has correlated Daniel's prophecy of seventy weeks and Joshua's space of two thousand cubits to be God's time allocated for the salvation of the Jews. Now this study will venture into a deeper look at key Hebrew words which will reveal the process of taking possession of God's promises during the transformation of those who choose to pass through the waters of the Jordan River.

Without changing any of the Hebrew words used in the scriptures of the book of Joshua, the story of redemption (salvation and sanctification) is seen. Validation is established by seeing the rich imagery of the Hebrew language. It is good to see the story of salvation and sanctification in this foreshadow because it reveals the Gentiles' building of faith in progress today, as well as the future time for Israel's salvation and building of faith in Christ Jesus.

To the Israelites, this crossing of the Jordan is a matter of taking possession of the land, requiring involvement by both Israel and God. The Israelites must be faithfully willing to take possession by conquest and then God will give them the land by granting victory in their battles. In the same way, all of God's children, Jew and Gentile, must choose to follow God's plan in taking possession of eternal life. Eternal life is a gift of God through faith in Christ, but it must be possessed by a pro-active full persuasion faith.

Joshua 1: 6-9 (KJV) - "Be strong and of good courage; for unto this people shalt thou divide for an inheritance the land, which I aware unto their fathers to give them. Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe to do according to all the law, which Moses my servant commanded thee; turn not from it to the right hand or to the left, that thou mayest prosper whithersoever thou goest. This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success. Have not I commanded thee? Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed; for the Lord thy God is with thee whithersoever thou goest."

These scriptures reflect God's encouragement to Israel. They should not be distracted from the objective of taking the land for their inheritance. Taking possession of the land will require two major things:

1. "Strong and courageous" - God emphasized these words three different times during these four verses of scripture. Emphasis is placed on these words because they represent the most important things to remember when involved in the battles that lie ahead. Courage and strength will come when they have faith that God is with them. When Israel does its part in believing and trusting God for the promise He made to them, God will give them the land. The way of faith requires courage and strength.

2. "To observe to do according to all the Law" - Do not turn from it to the right or the left. Stay focused and stand firm. These words emphasize the obedience required for maintaining a relationship with God during their forthcoming battles, avoiding doubt that God is with them. Observing God's instructions keeps their walk of faith straight, avoiding distractions that cause them to stumble in their faith. Otherwise, it is easy to fall away and return to old behavioral patterns that rob them of God's blessing, mainly fear in one form or another. 


This Crossing is for All Believers - Both Jew and Gentile

Joshua 4:24 (KJV) - "That all the people of the earth might know the hand of the Lord, that it is mighty…."

"All the people of the earth"- Joshua is seeing into the future because his comments are for all people on earth. Although this historical event involves only Israel, these scriptures contain prophetic insight for the future of all peoples.

Note: "All peoples on earth" (Gentiles) began to be involved in the spiritual "crossing over" when the disciples were scattered due to persecution form the Jews. This occurred immediately after Pentecost. Although many of the disciples were scattered into Samaria and beyond, the Bible makes a specific emphasis on Peter when he took the gospel to the Gentiles in Acts 10, a few months after Messiah was cut off (crucified). These scriptures concerning Peter's vision of what is clean and unclean is a foreshadow of the spread of the gospel to the Gentiles. This began the "time of the Gentiles" - Romans 11:25, Luke 21:24.

"That the hand of the Lord is MIGHTY" - This scripture reflects the powerful act of God as He parted the Jordan and the Israelites crossed over. There were many times God performed mighty miracles for Israel prior to Joshua's call to lead Israel into the promise land. One was when God delivered Israel from the hands of Pharaoh in Egypt and parted the Red Sea. Another was when God provided for Israel during the forty years in the desert. Another was when God gave the Israelites victory over Sihon king of the Amorites and Og king of Bashan (Numbers 21:32-36). There was no shortage of miracles for the Israelites to recall when teaching future generations about the mighty hand of God. But, this "crossing over" prophetically reveals a much greater miracle than those miracles of the past. This greater miracle is a covenant blessing for "all peoples on earth", not just for the Israelites.

The Twelve Stones Memorial

Joshua 4:20-22 (KJV) - And those twelve stones, which they took out of Jordan, did Joshua pitch in Gilgal. (21) And he spake unto the children of Israel, saying, "When your children shall ask their fathers in time to come, saying, "What mean these stones?" (22) Then ye shall let your children know, saying, Israel came over this Jordan on dry land

According to the scriptures concerning Israel's crossing of the Jordan, the stones taken from the the river are a memorial for future generations. In the future the children of Israel will ask. "What is the meaning of these stones?" God established this memorial to be used in instructing future generations about the mighty work of God in granting the promised land to the Israelites. Literally, the "meaning of the stones" is a historical reference point concerning the Jordan crossing. When the Israelites crossed the Red Sea, no memorial was erected. So, why was one erected here? Was this crossing greater than the crossing of the Red Sea? For sure, God has a special reason for erecting a stone memorial for the future generations of Jews! It might be because God, at a much later date, will use this stone memorial when His agenda time for the ministry of the gospel to the Jews begins. Ministers of the gospel to the Jews will refer back to these stones and recall Israel's crossing over into the promise land to prophetically reveal God's agenda for the salvation of Israel has arrived, at the beginning of the end time seven year tribulation.

Joshua 5:9 (KJV) - And the LORD said unto Joshua, This day have I rolled away the reproach of Egypt from off you. Wherefore the name of the place is called Gilgal unto this day.

The stone memorial set up at Gilgal represents the day that God "rolled away the reproach of Egypt".

"Reproach" (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew) #OT:2781 - cherpah (kher-paw'); from #2778; contumely, disgrace, the pudenda:

Use in KJV - rebuke, reproach (-fully), shame.

Rolling away the reproach of Egypt not only speaks of Israel's freedom from Egyptian bondage, but also foreshadows the day of Israel's salvation when their sins are forgiven and the disgrace of sin is rolled away. The Jew will be a new creation of God through Christ. In future generations these stones will be used as a historical prophetic sign of Israel's spiritual "crossing over" from death to life.

"Rolled away"& "Gilgal" - (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew) - #1556 galal (gaw-lal'); a primitive root; to roll (literally or figuratively).

Use in KJV - commit, remove, roll (away, down, together), run down, seek occasion, trust, wallow.

This is also the time of Israel's second circumcision - Joshua 5:2-3 (KJV) - At that time the LORD said unto Joshua, Make thee sharp knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time. (3) And Joshua made him sharp knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of the foreskins. The second circumcision was for all the men who had not been circumcised in the desert during their forty year encampment.

In the foreshadow, the stone memorial set up at Gilgal will be referred as the place of their circumcision after they crossed into the promise land. Why does this event of circumcision need be memorialized? I believe this memorial will be referred to by the 144,000 evangelists who take the gospel to Israel to reveal salvation is circumcision of the heart. Circumcision of the heart opens the way to the promises of God - Ezekiel 11:19-20 (KJV) - And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh: (20) That they may walk in my statutes, and keep mine ordinances, and do them: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God.

Today it is prudent to use this stone memorial at Gilgal as a fundamental key in forming a proper perspective of God's agenda for the Jews. The reproach of sin is removed because of Israel's acceptance of Jesus as the guilt offering for their sins.

God desires future generations of Israel to see His mighty hand at work as He saves them from the bondage of death through Messiah. The greatest miracle of all! A miracle of spiritually "crossing over" that is greater than any previous "crossing over" in the history of Israel. John 5:24 (NIV) - "I tell you the truth, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned; he has crossed over from death to life.

In the future when Israel accepts the New Testament of God, they will gain a deeper understanding of the stones. The Jews will see God's mighty hand at work blessing "all peoples on earth".


"Crossing Over" - From Death unto Eternal Life

The following is an in-depth study of scriptures concerning this "crossing over" event and will properly confirm this foreshadow as a vision for Israel's salvation.

This is a Unique Event

Joshua 3: 2-4 (KJV) - And it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the host; And they commanded the people, saying, When ye see the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, and the priests the Levities bearing it, then ye shall remove from your place and go after it. Yet there shall be a space between you and it, about two thousand cubits by measure: come not near unto it that ye may know the way by which ye must go: for ye have not passed this way heretofore.

Verse 4 - "For ye have not passed this way heretofore" This phrase reflects this "crossing over" to be unique, because they have not been this way heretofore. The way is unique because it is a first time experience for Israel. Literally, this event is unique because Israel is taking possession of the promise land.

"Heretofore" (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #8032 shilshowm (shil-shome'); or shilshom (shil-shome'); from the same as #8027; trebly, i.e. (in time) day before yesterday.

Use in KJV - + before (that time, -time), excellent things [from the margin], + heretofore, three days, + time past.

#8027 shalash (shaw-lash'); a primitive root perhaps originally to intensify, i.e. treble; but apparently used only as denominative from #7969, to be (causatively, make) triplicate (by restoration, in portions, strands, days or years):

Use in KJV - do the third time, (divide into, stay) three (days, -fold, parts, years old).

This is the third time that the Jordan has been crossed. First there were Moses' spies, then Joshua's spies and then the nation of Israel. The third crossing is unique because it is the first time for the whole nation, rather than a few spies, to cross over and take the promise land by faith in God. It was a time of conquests which could be won only by the intervention of God. The nation's faith would increase and be tested with each conquest. 

Shalash also foreshadows the future when there will be the time for Israel's spiritual crossing over under the third ministry of the gospel to the Jews - See the bookmark at For the Eyes of Your Understanding - Volume 5, go to the bookmark for Three Ministries of the Gospel to the Jews in the table of contents.

"This Way" (Strong's Concordance with - Hebrew)  #1870 derek (deh'-rek); a road (as trodden); figuratively, a course of life or mode of action, often adverb.

Use in KJV - along, away, because of, + by, conversation, custom, [east-] ward, journey, manner, passenger, through, toward, [high-] [path-] way [-side], whither [-soever].

"This way" is a journey of life and reflects a new course of life for the Israelites and a new mode of action in life. The Israelites' journey is focused on following God's instructions by faith and acting upon His promises by faith even when circumstances seem insurmountable. Israel will learn to trust God rather than return to old beliefs and behavioral patterns, as the previous generation chose. Israel will learn the way of walking by faith rather than by sight. Their journey will be a new mode of action (trusting in God for all things) establishing a new course of life.

The Way

There's an Old Testament scripture which best describes "the way" of faith.

Isaiah 43: 1-3 (KJV) - "...Fear not for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine. When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they will shall not overflow thee; when thou walkest through the fire, thou shall not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee. For I am the Lord thy God, the Holy one of Israel, thy Savior."

When Israel passes through the waters of the Jordan to literally take the promise of God by conquest, God is with them. This is spoken by God to give Israel assurance of His presence. It is a statement to Israel to have faith in God.

Likewise, Israel's spiritual "crossing over" into the Kingdom of God is by faith. There will be troubled waters to cross and flames to pass through and spiritual conquests to experience. But, God will send to Israel his anointed Savior, Christ Jesus, to part the waters and show them the way to the other side.

John 14:6 (KJV) - Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

Matthew 16:24 (KJV) - Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.

The Way of God is a Way that requires anyone who follows Christ to deny himself (circumcision of the heart) and take up his cross daily and follow Him (crucify the worldly nature and things that are not of God). "The way" is a journey of personal transformation through faith and trust in Christ. It is a journey of personal conquests and victories in life through Christ.

In the future, when Israel "crosses over" by accepting Christ as Lord and Savior, the waters are parted and Christ stands in the middle of the waters (as High Priest and Advocate) until all have crossed over. Even as the priests and the Ark of the Covenant remained in the midst of the waters until all of Israel crossed over. Christ becomes their High Priest in the order of Melchizedek.

Hebrew 7:17 (NIV) - For it is declared: "You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek."

Hebrew 7:21-22 (NIV) - But he became a priest with an oath when God said to him: "The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind: 'You are a priest forever.'" (22) Because of this oath, Jesus has become the guarantee of a better covenant.

This is "the way" that was on the heart of God and in the mouth of Joshua when he spoke to the nation of Israel just prior to crossing the Jordan River into the promise land. Prophetically speaking, Israel has not passed this way heretofore, because this new unique way is the way provided by the shed blood of Christ Jesus, the covenant Sacrificial Lamb of God. Israel's sins cannot be remitted by the blood of animals. Remission of sin is only by the shedding of God's blood through his Son - Jesus. The waters are parted for all who believe that Jesus was God's one true Sacrifice Lamb for their sins, both Jew and Gentile.

Chapter Three

The Parting - Opening the Way

Thus far the study revealed Daniel's prophecy of seventy weeks and Joshua's space of two thousand cubits to be God's time allocated for the salvation of the Jews. Now this study will venture into a deeper look at the parting or opening the Way to "cross over" and possess God's promises.

The parting of the waters foreshadows the parting of the veil in the temple when Christ died on the cross. The parting is a major milestone in the life of Jews, historically and spiritually. For the Gentile this parting opened the way and they could "cross over" immediately. The Jew must wait for all the Gentiles to cross over before they can cross. The Gentiles are blessed because of what God established with the Jews through Abraham. The Gentiles need to have a deep appreciation for the Jews' part in the covenant work of God throughout the Old Testament. Truly, God chose the Jews for preparing the way of salvation for the Gentiles through Israel's Jewish Messiah.

Joshua 3:11 (KJV) - Behold, the ark of the covenant of the Lord of all the earth passeth over before you into the Jordan.

"The ark of the covenant" - In Old Testament times the law of God, written on two tablets of stone, was carried in the Ark of the Covenant. The law had to be carried in an acacia wood chest overlaid with gold and covered with a solid gold cover, which was the mercy seat of God - the Atonement Covering.

"Ark" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #727 'arown (aw-rone'); or 'aron (aw-rone'); from #717 (in the sense of gathering); a box.

#717 - 'arah (aw-raw'); a primitive root; to pluck.

Use in KJV - gather, pluck

`Arown is derived from the root word `arah that means to gather and/or pluck, both of which are related to God gathering His people (drawing them near to Him) and plucking them from a land of darkness. Symbolically, the ark represents Christ harvesting the children of God.

It was through the death of Christ that the church is born and a harvest takes place (plucking God's children out of a land of darkness) in the end time. Through the end time harvesting a gathering takes place as Christians "cross over" to meet the Lord in the air.

God will harvest the earth for the kingdom of God as a result of the church carrying the Word of God throughout the earth. The Word is carried in the hearts of the royal priesthood. When mankind hears the good news that forgiveness of sins is available through faith in the Son of God, many will be saved (plucked from death). God will conduct a harvest out of the church's ministry of the Word.

The primary thrust of the New Testament gospel is to write God's Word into the hearts of those who follow Christ. They become arks of God - 2 Corinthians 3:3 (NIV) - You show that you are a letter from Christ, the result of our ministry, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts. Christ is the New Testament ark and the church is the New Testament ark. When the church (royal priesthood) spreads the gospel throughout the earth, the parting takes place by faith and many cross over from death unto life.

Christ is the Ark of God - The Word is in the ark.

John 1: 1-2 (KJV) - In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God.

John 1:14 (KJV) - And the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us....

Jesus was the incarnate word of God. Jesus said in John 14:10 (NIV) - "Don't you believe that I am in the Father, and that the Father is in me? The words I say to you are not just my own. Rather, it is the Father, living in me, who is doing his work." God and His Word was in Jesus. Therefore, Jesus replaced the ark.

When Jesus (the Word) died on the cross the temple's veil of separation was rent in two (the waters were parted) and the way was open for mankind to "cross over" from death unto eternal life. Mankind was redeemed from sin by His blood.

Matthew 27:50-51 (KJV) - Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. (51) And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent.

John 5:24 (NIV) - 24 "I tell you the truth, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned; he has crossed over from death to life.

Hebrew 6:19-20 (NIV) - We have this hope as an anchor for the soul, firm and secure. It enters the inner sanctuary behind the curtain, (20) where Jesus, who went before us, has entered on our behalf. He has become a high priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.

Jesus crossed ahead of all others. The way was opened. The words "He has crossed over from death to life" - John 5:24 will echo in the minds of men when the light of truth is revealed.

Joshua 3:11 (Con't) - "Before you" - No one has seen or visited the ark since the destruction of the temple in 2 Chronicles 36: 17-19. The scriptures do not mention the ark after the Babylonian captivity. The ark is not mentioned again in the Bible until Revelation 11:19 - And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of the testament.... Once again, the Ark of the Covenant (Christ Jesus) went ahead of the Israelite's crossing over.

When the New Testament gospel is preached to Israel during the seventieth week by the 144,000 in (Revelation 7:4-8), the Jew will see that God sent the ark (Jesus) ahead of them at the same time of His resurrection.

In the Old Testament the Jews followed the ark into battle. They lived with the ark in the Most Holy Place in the temple or tabernacle. Daily life was centered around the presence of the ark. But, to follow the ark in the days of Israel's salvation requires following Jesus Christ - the Ark containing God's Testimony. So symbolically, God reveals to the Jews that the ark is no longer in the earth, but in heaven - Revelation 11:19 (KJV) - And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.

When the Jews see the Ark in heaven the root word arah will reveal to them that entering the temple in heaven where the ark is located, they must accept Christ Jesus as Messiah and trust in Him for their crossing over. Following the ark means to be gathered by God into His family - #717 - 'arah (aw-raw'); a primitive root; to pluck.

The book of Revelation revealing the resting place for the Ark of the Covenant in heaven's temple is an important piece for seeing God's agenda for the Jew. The ark in the book of Revelation is pointing out the Way for Israel's crossing over into the Kingdom of God. Revealing the ark in the book of Revelation, symbolically calls for the nation of Israel to follow after it by accepting Christ as God's Covenant Sacrificial Lamb and as Messiah.

On the other hand, when the church sees the temple doors open and the Ark of the Covenant in heaven in the book of Revelation, they are not affected in the same way that the Jew will be affected because the church knows that in heaven God, Son and the body of Christ who are the temple - Revelation 21:22; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 2: 21-22; 1 Peter 2:4. But, when the Jew sees the Ark of the Covenant in the temple in heaven, the imagery will parallel Israel's legacy with the ark and their earthly temple, both of which was paramount centerpieces of worshipping of God. Revelation 11:19 will greatly serve the 144,000 in ministering the gospel of salvation to Israel.

They followed the ark into battle and they will followed the ark when they crossed over into the promise land. Likewise, they should follow the ark (testimony of Christ) into heaven by faith, knowing that indeed He was the Messiah (the one sent by God) who was sacrificed once for all the sins of Israel. This is the symbolic meaning of the phrase in Joshua 3:11 (KJV) - "the ark of the covenant of the Lord of all the earth passeth over before you." The ark must go across before they could cross over. So, it was fitting that Christ reveal the Ark of the Covenant to the Jew in the book of Revelation.

Sacrifice of IsaacWhen God made the covenant with Abraham, Abraham's faith was tested by the sacrifice of Isaac. God completed the covenant with Abraham and his descendants by sacrificing His Son. When Jesus spoke the words "it is finished" it was the completion of the covenant. Covenant redemption and forgiveness of sins was complete. Abraham's descendants will be saved by faith in the sacrificial blood of Messiah. For ages past the Jews have always followed the ark and they have an ark mindset. When the 144,000 take the gospel to Israel it will be important to the Jew that in heaven there will be a temple for worshipping the Messiah and a throne for their King, so the throne of David will continue as prophesied by Isaiah in Isaiah 9:7 (NIV) - Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David's throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. Since the book of Revelation is primarily centered on the Jews' salvation, the gospel will point the way to the kingdom of God by revealing the Ark of the Covenant in heaven.

To each Bible student the Ark of the Covenant in the temple should reveal the Jewish narrative direction of the gospel of Revelation. The gospel is spoken specifically toward the nation of Israel, meaning Revelation's seven year tribulation is the fulfillment of Daniel's seventieth week for the salvation of Israel.

The gospel, as spoken by Christ in Matthew, Mark, Luke, John and the book of Revelation is spoken to the nation of Israel. Matthew 15:24 (NIV) - He answered, "I was sent only to the lost sheep of Israel." Then after the death and resurrection of Jesus, this gospel was carried to the nations outside of Israel (Gentiles), and they were grafted into God's plan for the salvation of Israel. John 4:21-23 (NIV) - You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews.

The church does not need to follow after the Ark of the Covenant because the Word of God is carried in the hearts of the corporate church. Likewise, the church does not need a temple because the church is, the final temple of God and in-dwelt by God through the power of the Holy Spirit.

The Ark of the Covenant was the holiest of items in the Tabernacle or Solomon's Temple. The ark is not listed on the list of items returning to Israel after Babylonian captivity - Ezra 2: 1-11. Even though the Ark never rested in Zerubbabel's Temple or Herod's Temple, it is still the most sought after item by archeologists. It will not be found again by man because it is not on the earth!

Jeremiah 3:16b (KJV) - "....In those days, saith the Lord, they shall say no more, The ark of the covenant of the Lord; neither shall it come to mind; neither shall they remember it; neither shall they visit it; neither shall that be done any more."

"In those days" refers to the Messianic age.

"Neither shall they visit it" - This is a declaration by Jeremiah that the Ark of the Covenant will not be around as it was in the days of the Old Testament. The ark will not be visited by Israel during future time of temple worship in "those days."

The ark will not be found as many have attempted to do since the destruction of the temple in 586 BC. Why? I believe God has taken the ark from the earth (Revelation 11:19). If the ark were ever again to be a part of temple worship in Israel, then the scripture in Jeremiah 3:16 would be proven to be an erroneous prophecy.

Another ark will not be made, nor will it be remembered. Why? Because in the Messianic age when the Jew anoints the Most Holy (accepts Christ as Savior), he is anointed by the Holy Spirit, and the law (Word of God) is written in his heart, and he becomes the ark of God in the earth - a living epistle or testimony of the Messiah - 2 Corinthians 3:2-3 (NIV) - You yourselves are our letter, written on our hearts, known and read by everybody. (3) You show that you are a letter from Christ, the result of our ministry, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts.

The body of Christ bears the Word of God in their hearts. The church ministers the Word of God from within. Christ is the Ark!! The church is the ark!! The Christian is the ark!! Another ark is not needed.

Chapter 4

The Parting for Israel during the Seventieth Week.

The previous three chapters established a connection between Daniel's prophecy for the salvation of the Jews and Joshua's historical account of Israel's crossing the Jordan. The parting is revealed to be Christ's death on the cross. The ark symbolically represents Christ and the church's sowing the Word of God (the gospel) into the all the world.

This study will now take a deeper look at passing through the waters.

Joshua 3:14 (KJV) - And it came to pass, when the people removed from their tents, to pass over Jordan, and the priests bearing the ark of the covenant before the people.

Literally speaking, while residing in their tents outside the Promise Land, the Israelites must be removed from their tents before he can move into God's promised place for his life.

"Tents" - (Strong's Concordance- Hebrew) #168 'ohel (o'-hel); from # 166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance):

Use in KJV-- covering, (dwelling) place), home, tabernacle, tent.

#166 'ahal (aw-hal'); a primitive root; to be clear.

Use in KJV-- shine.

The Hebrew word "ohel" or "tents" means covering, home or tabernacle. "Ohel" is taken from the Hebrew root word "ahal" which means "to be clear" - "to shine".

Looking at the definition of the primitive root word "ahal" which means to shine or be clear. Then attempt to understand the formation of the word "ohel" (tent), it is apparent that the word for "tent" was formed out of the idea that when the inhabitant is inside the tent he no longer is clear, nor does he shine because he is covered by the tent. His shine was veiled, so to speak. If so, then the root word has spiritual implications - Luke 11:33 (KJV) - No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth it in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light.

Note: In the Hebrew vernacular this interpretation is not a stretch because the language contains fewer words and root words mostly have spiritual definitions. Remember, when Noah and his family left the ark after the flood there was only one language at that time, spoken by each of his sons and wives. The language was the language of Noah. I personally believe the words of biblical Hebrew is closely the same as the language Noah spoke. Additionally, I don't think Noah's language changed very much from the language Adam and Eve spoke in the Garden of Eden when they conversed with God. It would have been difficult for the ancestors' children to change the language because the elders lived for such a long time and forming new words would mean the elders communication with his descendents would be affected. Pre-flood historical accounts were handed down by the elders' teachings. This "living history" demands that the things spoken by Adam to his descendents not be altered to preserve historical integrity. So, there was a desire to preserve the original language spoken in the garden.The Hebrew language is the language of God! Root words of the language will have spiritual implications expressed in figurative words (pictures) because the language is God's. This becomes apparent when interpreting scriptures focused on primitive root words. This is the place for foreshadow validation.

Metaphorically, use of the above Hebrew words foreshadows a spiritual "crossing over". When the Jew "passes over" he is clear of his earthly tent (the flesh/carnal nature covering) because his sins are forgiven. He has been plucked from his earthly covering - he is a new creation. He shines (countenance) because he is indwelt by the Holy Spirit. His new covering is the glory of God under the covering of the New Blood Covenant. He is clear (forgiven and blameless) and will shine when he dwells in Christ. The glory of God is his tent or covering.

Scriptures that also see the word tent having spiritual implications -

Paul refers to the body as an earthly tent in 2 Corinthians 5:1 (NIV) - Now we know that if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed.....

Peter also refers to the body as an earthly tent in 2 Peter 1:13 (NIV) - I think it is right to refresh your memory as long as I live in the tent of this body.

The Hebrew word "ohel" metaphorically means earthly flesh or earthly carnal nature.

Again, the Jew's earthly covering is done away with and his is covered anew with everlasting righteousness, a free gift of God through Christ. He becomes a tent (temple/tabernacle) for the habitation of God through the Holy Spirit. His new covering will shine with the countenance of the Holy Spirit. He is no longer a creation of the earth, but a creation of heaven.

"Priests" - These are the priests who carry the new testament of Christ to Israel. The 144,000 that are sealed by Christ at the beginning of the seventieth week are commissioned by Christ to bear the covenant Word of God to the Jew.



Joshua 3:15 (KJV) - And as they that bare the ark were come unto Jordan, and the feet of the priests that bare the ark were dipped into the brim of the water, (for Jordan overfloweth all his banks all the time of harvest.)

Joshua 3:15 (Con't) - "Water" - (Brown-Driver-Brigg's Concordance) #4325 mayim - water, waters, figuratively used of danger, violence, transitory things.

In the english vernacular it is difficult to see the word waters coming from a root word which means danger, violence and transitory things. But, in the language of the Bible waters is used many times to represent trouble, affliction and tribulation.

For example -

The word "waters" is used in Isaiah 30:20 to figuratively represent trouble and affliction - Isaiah 30:20 (NIV) - Although the Lord gives you the bread of adversity and the water of affliction, your teachers will be hidden no more; with your own eyes you will see them. Adversity (bread) and affliction (waters) are our teachers because while enduring affliction and passing through the waters, we experience God providing and upholding his promises in our lives. We learn the walk of faith. Affliction and adversity are then necessary for learning tangible faith through experience, the evidence of things unseen and the substance of things in which we hope. Remember in Daniel 3:24-27 (NIV) - Then King Nebuchadnezzar leaped to his feet in amazement and asked his advisers, "Weren't there three men that we tied up and threw into the fire?" They replied, "Certainly, O king." (25) He said, "Look! I see four men walking around in the fire, unbound and unharmed, and the fourth looks like a son of the gods." (26) Nebuchadnezzar then approached the opening of the blazing furnace and shouted, "Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, servants of the Most High God, come out! Come here!" So Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego came out of the fire, (27) and the satraps, prefects, governors and royal advisers crowded around them. They saw that the fire had not harmed their bodies, nor was a hair of their heads singed; their robes were not scorched, and there was no smell of fire on them.

Likewise, in Isaiah 43:2 (KJV) - When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.

Meaning; danger, violence and transitory (temporal or non-eternal or worldly) things, are tools used by our adversary. Tools intent on preventing our "crossing over" and obtaining the promises of God. Satan uses temporal worldly things (including vain imaginations and philosophies of men) to prevent one's crossing over and accessing eternal life. James 4:4 (KJV) - Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? Whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.

Tribulation or trouble (danger, violence and transitory things) will be used by satan to try and destroy one's spiritual growth, but God sees these things as opportunities for each believer to trust Him and have faith in His promise that He will be with us when we pass through the waters. The waters will not overflow us because He has parted the waters. The waters of affliction and the bread of adversity are our teachers. God has given us the wisdom to see them (affliction and adversity) as opportunities to develop our faith and know Him personally on an intimate level.

When unbelievers hear the gospel that proclaims the promises of God and he makes a choice to accept Christ and give his life to God, affliction and adversity attempts to prevent him from developing faith in God by turning him back to the patterns of life in which he has always lived. If he doubts God's promises, he fails to see he is returning to a world of affliction and adversity where God cannot help because he rejected God - Mark 4:16-17 (NIV) - Others, like seed sown on rocky places, hear the word and at once receive it with joy. (17) But since they have no root, they last only a short time. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, they quickly fall away. Affliction and adversity robs him of the Word that was sown in his heart.

Trusting in God's Word parts troubled waters and God provides a way of passing through the trouble to the other side where all of God's family resides in faith, hope and love. Its a land the world does not know. It exists for the believer because it can only be access by faith and the grace of God through Christ Jesus. There's a boundary between the world and the kingdom of God.

This is the meaning of the stone memorial set up by Joshua in the midst of the Jordan River (Joshua 4:9). This stone memorial was figuratively set in the midst of danger, violence and transitory things. This foreshadows the great tribulation when the time of Israel's "crossing over" is at hand.

"Tribulation" in the Strong's Greek Lexicon is taken from the word "thlipsis" (thlip'-sis) means "pressure"; literally or figuratively its meaning is trouble, affliction, anguish or persecution.

The great tribulation / seventieth week is sent upon the earth to shake the foundations of mankind. This affliction leads to salvation and sanctification as Israel will turn to God for help in a time of great distress. Via the 144,000 Jewish evangelists, Christ sends the New Testament gospel to the Jews, revealing the Way to be set free from the shackles and bondage of sin which prevents their crossing. Then Christ responds to their repentance and faith. Israel is saved.

In order for the Jew to pass through the waters of tribulation during the seventieth week, he must respond to the preaching and teaching of the 144,000. He must accept Jesus as the Messiah and Sacrificial Lamb of God for his sins. The waters are parted for him - enmity (separation) will be established between him and the powers of darkness through God's grace.

The stone memorial in the midst of the Jordan river figuratively represents the time of Israel's salvation. In the midst of tribulation, there will be a harvest to bring separation between the righteous followers of Christ and the unrighteous followers of darkness. Then after the harvest, there will be judgment and wrath upon the earth and the followers of satan. First or the Jew under the reign of anti-christ during the last half of tribulation and then for the Gentiles under the bowls of wrath - Romans 2:8-9 (NIV) - But for those who are self-seeking and who reject the truth and follow evil, there will be wrath and anger. (9) There will be trouble and distress for every human being who does evil: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile

Jordan River"Jordan" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #3383 Yarden (yar-dane'); from #3381; a descender; Jarden, the principal river of Palestine.

#3381 yarad (yaw-rad'); a primitive root; to descend (literally, to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively, to fall); causatively, to bring down (in all the above applications).

"Yarden" is rooted in the word "yarad". Yarad means "to descend to a lower region," "boundary", "the enemy", figuratively "to fall", "to bring down".

Yarden is a pronoun for the word "water". Pronouns provide relative perceptions and connections to nouns. Literally, the Jordan River divided between the promise land and the desert wilderness. The river was a boundary and the waters descend from its head waters into the lower region of the Dead Sea. Figuratively, Yarden represents a boundary or chasm between the promises of God and spiritual wilderness, the sin condition that separates Israel and inhibits possession of their eternal promise land.

All of the uses of the Hebrew word "yarad" figuratively relate to the sin of Adam. Adam's disobedience to God is referred to as the fall of Adam. When Adam sinned he descended to a lower region of spiritual existence. When Adam sinned, spiritually he turned from God (descended) by submitting to self-serving temptations. He gave up dominion of the earth to satan, his enemy. Unwittingly, he became a follower of the powers of darkness by disobeying God, turning inward to self. A boundary (a chasm where danger, violence and transitory things exists because of God's judgment against sin) was created. A boundary which Adam and his descendants cannot "cross over" without the intervention of God. Keep in mind Israel escaped Pharaoh by God's parting of the waters and obtained the Promise Land by God's parting of the waters.

See additional comments on Creation of the Chasm or boundary

Again, the waters of the Jordan River figuratively foreshadow the boundary that exists because of the fall of Adam. Mankind "descended to a lower region" because he suffered death in his divine nature. A "boundary" between mortality and immortality was set in place. On one side of the boundary is a land of darkness (death/mortality). On the other side of the boundary is a land of light (life/immortality). The land of the lower region, a land of darkness is under the rule of "the enemy" - satan, because Adam relinquished authority to him when he yielded to satan's temptation to disobey God's command. So, figuratively Yarden is a good word to represent sin and satan as the enemy of the Jew's, who is trying to prevent them from "crossing over" to eternal life.

Expulsion from GardenAgain, in his mind Adam "descended to a lower region" of carnal sense consciousness and became a self-oriented being. He died to a spirit oriented consciousness, creating a chasm between carnal and spiritual perceptions of life, resulting in Adam and Eve's expulsion (separation) from paradise (Eden).

A boundary was set in place by sin because sin brought death to Adam's spiritual preeminence. Man cannot cross the boundary until he is redeemed by God - reborn again by the power of God - the indwelling Holy Spirit.

Well, we can see how the waters of the Jordan symbolically represent many things in the foreshadow of Israel's future salvation. Satan uses worldly things to entice man to stay on the worldly side of the chasm, but God parts the Way through worldly things and provides a way to eternal life on the Kingdom of God side of the chasm.

Note: If needed, re-study the foreshadow up to this point and have an understanding that sees the relevant tie-in of Daniel's prophecy of seventy weeks for the salvation of Israel to Israel's crossing the Jordan into the promise land. Why? Because we are studying the salvation of Israel and obstacles which can inhibit "crossing over" into the Kingdom of God. Also, an added benefit for understanding the material studied to this point, a basic insight to the narrative format of the book of Revelation is established.

This study will now proceed to the time of Israel's salvation during the end time great tribulation period.

Joshua 3:15 (Con't) - "Overfloweth" - The waters of the Jordan River were flooding over its banks at the time of Israel's crossing. Why did God choose a time when the river was in flood stage? It was a time when crossing required God's intervention. When God saved Israel from Pharaoh, His intervention parted the Red Sea and they settled in the desert which also required His intervention. So it is with crossing the Jordan. God's intervention parts the waters at flood stage and God's intervention will deliver the promise land into their possession. Likewise, Israel's salvation will occur at a time when tribulation is like a flood upon them and God's intervention will be required, once again. This foreshadows affliction and tribulation of the seventieth week which is greatly increased, as in a flood -

Figuratively, a flood is seen in Matthew 24:15, 21 (NIV) - (15) "So when you see standing in the holy place 'the abomination that causes desolation,' spoken of through the prophet Daniel-- let the reader understand -- (21) For then there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now....and never to be equaled again."

These waters are not normal waters. Tribulation and affliction are much greater at this time of "crossing over" than at normal times.

"The abomination that causes desolation,' spoken of through the prophet Daniel" - Christ uses this quote of Daniel to correlate His prophetic words as the fulfillment of what was spoken by Daniel.

Overflowing affliction requires God's intervention in the affairs of His people. As always, when the people cry out God will be there to save them. He will provide a way to cross over.

For the Jew -

During the first half of the seventieth week, the world alliance of nations will send the anti-christ to impose a covenant of peace on the nation of Israel and all arab nations (descendents of Ishmael, Isaac, Esau and Jacob) who are experiencing religious unrest and intolerance for each other, as they have done since the days of Abraham. The covenant will define common religious guidelines for all to follow, in order to insure peace by eliminating religious intolerance. This opens the opportunity for the anti-christ to appoint a Jew as the false prophet for all nations.

Even today mid-east unrest and wars are due to religious intolerance with Jews. The Jews were invited to return to the Holy Land by Great Britain in 1948. Their return was imposed on the Arabs who were occupying the promise land. When Great Britain pulled out of Palestine they gave the land to the Jews to re-establish the nation of Israel. From that moment on, the Arabs have been seeking a way to expel the Jews from the territory. Today's unrest is considered by Islamic terrorist armies to be Jihad (a holy war).

During this time of imposed peace there will be great distress from wars, natural disasters, famines and pestilence. Cease fires will be forced upon all nations during this time.

The Last Half of the Seventieth Week

I believe this end time covenant of peace will allow both Jews and Muslims to occupy the Temple Mount in order to impose peace for all. But, this will not work for long. Muslims will not be able to tolerate the Jew's sacrifice of animals for the atonement of sin. The Muslims will consider this to be an abomination to Allah, their god. The bleating of animals being sacrificed and the stench of blood will drive the Muslims to break the covenant of tolerance.

This will motivate the world alliance of nations to give the anti-christ power and authority through the false prophet to take over the temple mount and put an end to the Jew's sacrifice of animals and making offerings to God - Daniel 9:27. The peace will no longer be centered on eliminating religious intolerance, but rather it will centered on the elimination of religious differences. Thus, the false prophet under orders of anti-christ will erect an idol to represent the new religious order that all must worship.

Tribulation for the Jews will increase greatly during the last half of the seventieth week as the false prophet proclaims anti-christ to be god. The false prophet's idol or religious icon is an abomination that causes desolation, separation from God. The anti-christ will issue a decree that all who refuse to worship in the prescribed manner will be expendable. All who cooperate and bow to the new religious icon will receive a mark on his hand or forehead which permits him to participate in the global economic system and enjoy prosperity. The anti-christ will offer an economic solution to their stressful environment of survival. This will require rejecting Jesus as Christ and accepting the false prophet as messiah. Thus, the false prophet will have to be a Jew in order to deceive Jews. Those on the earth at that time will be required to make a choice between offerings of the new economic structure and the promised offerings of salvation of God through following Christ. To receive the mark is to be a friend of the world and become separated from Jesus. To reject the mark is to risk being martyred. When those (Jew and Gentile) who make the choice to reject the mark and follow the teachings of Jesus, a separation between the righteous and the unrighteous will take place.

For the Christian (Gentile) Today - Tribulation and Trials

There are many false prophets that deceive Christians today - Matthew 24:3-8 (KJV) - And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world? (4) And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you. (5) For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many. (6) And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet. (7) For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places. (8) All these are the beginning of sorrows.

"The beginning of sorrows" - (Strong's Concordance / Greek) #5604 odin (o-deen'); a pang or throe, especially of childbirth:

Use in KJV - pain, sorrow, travail.

Odin is define as pang, as in childbirth. Tribulation is a time for birthing God's family through faith.

Tribulation events are opportunities for mankind to trust Christ and seek His divine intervention in their lives. When man realizes he cannot change the tribulation in his life, he will turn to God for help in crossing through his troubled waters. As he accepts Christ in his heart and trusts his life in the hands of Christ, he crosses over by faith. As a believer lives out this "crossing over," the enemy will use all things at his disposal to turn the believer back to his old ways of living, to prevent the believer's transformation experience. Behavioral habits are the most influential obstacles inhibiting the believer's new way of life, such as, consumption habits, sensual habits, social habits, bitterness, unforgiveness, anger, selfish pride, self-serving motives of behavior, deceitfulness of wealth, etc. However, if he does not shrink back in his faith and overcomes satan's temptations, God will deliver him out of all his afflictions and his "crossing over" or transformation will be complete.

Psalms 34:17 (KJV) - The righteous cry, and the LORD heareth, and delivereth them out of all their troubles.

1 Corinthians 1:4-8 (NIV) - I always thank God for you because of his grace given you in Christ Jesus. (5) For in him you have been enriched in every way-in all your speaking and in all your knowledge - (6) because our testimony about Christ was confirmed in you. (7) Therefore you do not lack any spiritual gift as you eagerly wait for our Lord Jesus Christ to be revealed. (8) He will keep you strong to the end, so that you will be blameless on the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.

At times, it does seem to the believer that he is flooded by circumstances of tribulation and trials of his faith, almost to the point of being overcome by the trouble. The waters of affliction sporadically run at flood stage in every Christian's life.

Affliction and adversity puts us in a place of need. We first respond by doing all that we can to overcome the affliction. Sometimes we exhaust our resources and ability and reach a place where we can no longer stand. At those times we will come to the end of self. If God does not save us, it will be over. We have done all we can do to stand. When we reach that place the Bible tells us to continue to stand, trusting God and not doubting the outcome. This is a place of spiritual breakthrough. When victory comes we know in our hearts that is was definitely the divine intervention of God. Therefore, it is unscriptural to quit. We must continuously stand and trust God in life's issues. Affliction will then be seen as our teacher and an opportunity to build our faith in God.

At this point in his trial, he will have a breakthrough or he will fall away. The Bible says to continue to stand, even to the point of death, trusting God for the outcome.

Ephesians 6:13 (KJV) - Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.

Revelation 2:10(NIV) - Be faithful, even to the point of death, and I will give you the crown of life.

When a believer turns from the old nature and takes on the task of renewing his mindset by the Word of God, he puts his faith in things unseen rather than things seen. He begins to walk by faith rather than by sight. Daily, the believer will choose between the things of this world and the unseen spiritual things, as revealed to him in God's Word. By faith in God's Word, man follows Christ.

Many temporal things in the physical world will cease to have priority as the believer begins to store up treasures in heaven. This renewing of the mind is an ongoing experience for all believers. It will appear at times that one is unable to meet the high calling of God. But, God is faithful to complete the work in each believer. God strengthens each believer to overcome all trials and tribulations so his "crossing over" will be fulfilled and his destiny reached.

See The Door to Transformation for additional comments

Persecution comes because of the Word, because through man's faith in the Word enmity (adversity) is established between good and evil. Adversity sets good against evil. There is no fellowship between darkness and light. So, persecution is due to spiritual conflict between old ways of belief and God's truth. Prior to man's accepting Christ as his Lord and Savior, man does not experience spiritual conflict because man belongs to and follows the spirit of darkness because he is born with a sin nature. His nature does have an aversion to sin, rather sin seems to be a familiar friend. But, when man willfully turns to Christ and repents of his sin, he then follows and belongs to Christ. For the new man there will be spiritual conflict, a contrast between the old nature and the nature of the new creation. Tribulation brings this adversity to the forefront, and the Christian will choose which way he will follow. This is why renewing of the mindset. is paramount to spiritual transformation. The devil's intent is to use persecution and affliction to prevent the believer's trusting in God's Word, which blocks the new mindset. If satan is successful, "crossing over" may be missed.

Hebrews 12:26-27 (NIV) - At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, "Once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens." (27) The words "once more" indicate the removing of what can be shaken - that is, created things-so that what cannot be shaken may remain.

Joshua 3:15 (Con't) - "All the time of harvest" - Through out the end time harvest, tribulation will be intense. The great tribulation brings the conflict between good and evil to the forefront of each person's life. Each person enduring the end time tribulation will choose which way he will follow, the way of the world order (the way of anti-christ and economic prosperity) or the way of faith in God. The way of Christ leads to eternal life. The way of the world leads to death.

The seventieth week is a time of God's harvesting of the earth through the ministry of the Word of God. This harvesting ends with the close of the ministry of the gospel at the end of the great tribulation - Revelation 10:7.


 Trouble in the Waters of Jordan

Joshua 3:16 (KJV) - That the waters which came down from above stood and rose up upon an heap very far from the city Adam, that is beside Zaretan: and those that came down toward the sea of the plain, even the salt sea, failed and were cut off: and the people passed over right against Jericho.

"Which came down from above" - This phrase is taken from the Hebrew word (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #3381 - yarad (yaw-rad'); a primitive root; to descend (literally, to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region).

Jordan River - Conquest MapLiterally speaking, this means the waters were flowing downstream from above (upstream). When the believer stands in the waters of affliction and looks upstream, he will be looking in the direction from where the waters flow. "Above" in this context has a meaning that refers to the source of the waters or head waters. The waters were flowing down from the city named Adam. Literally, the head waters of the Jordan River begin at the Sea of Chinnereth (Galilee). But, figuratively speaking, in this scripture attention is focused on the city Adam, in the vicinity of Zaretan. The Bible associates the flow of the waters from the name Adam, rather than the Sea of Chinnereth, for a specific reason. The waters of affliction which man must cross is a direct result of the sin of Adam. Along with Adam, all of mankind descended into a lower region of spiritual existence, a lower region of trouble and distress (the curse). John 16:33 (NIV) - "I have told you these things, so that in me you may have peace. In this world you will have trouble. But take heart! I have overcome the world."

"Rose up upon a heap very far from the city Adam"- Biblically, the city of Adam has been placed approximately 16 miles up river from Jericho near the vicinity of Zaretan. The waters were heaped up very far (downstream) from the city, Adam. Literally, 16 miles is not very far. However, these 16 miles figuratively foreshadows a past time very far from the time of Israel's crossing. In other words, from the time of Adam's fall, which created the waters (affliction), until the time of the parting of the waters (crucifixion of Christ) approximately 4,000 years had passed. So, figuratively the waters of affliction were cut off very far from the time of Adam's fall.

Note: Although the Bible mentions the city of Adam, historically there's no other records or evidence that this city ever existed. There are no historical maps showing the location of the city Adam. My opinion is the city of Adam was include in this scripture for metaphorical purposes of revealing the origin of sin, from which the waters of affliction originate. 

"City" (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5892 - `iyr (eer); or (in the plural) `ar (awr); or `ayar (Judg 10:4) (aw-yar'); from #5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post):

#5782 - `uwr (oor); a primitive root [rather identical with #5783 through the idea of opening the eyes]; to wake (literally or figuratively):

#5783 - `uwr (oor); a primitive root; to (be) bare:

Use in KJV - be made naked.

The Hebrew 'iyr is derived from two root words which are spelled the same and separated by only one Lexicon number - 'uwr (#5782 & # 5783). This city was named Adam using words which mean "opening the eyes" and "to be made naked." Where's the relevance between these two definitions? The city of Adam was a place just outside the Garden of Eden after their expulsion from the garden. This was an encampment that was guarded by a watch as God watched over Adam's habitat. Their expulsion was a result of their sin of disobedience when Adam and Eve had "their eyes opened and they realized they were naked" - Genesis 3:7. Eventually, this encampment grew into a town or city as the population increased.

Let's revisit the fall of Adam in Genesis. The following scripture speaks of the changes which occurred immediately after they ate the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil -

Excerpt from Volume 1- "What Happen in the Garden":

Genesis 3:7 (KJV) - And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.

"Eyes" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5869 `ayin (ah'-yin); probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy, a fountain (as the eye of the landscape):

Garden of Eden "Eyes" in this scripture is not concerned with their physical eyes because they were open prior to their sin. Rather these eyes are concerned with spiritual eyes or their inner mind's eye which changed after their disobedience. The same holds true for their nakedness. Prior to sin they were physically naked. After sin they became spiritually naked. In this light, the root word `ayin offers the proper insight.

In this analogy, "a fountain as the eye of the landscape", figuratively represents the first thing the eye focuses on when first looking at the landscape scene. The landscape is life's scene perceived by the individual. What does one perceive when looking at the landscape of his life?

In the scene all living things in the landscape derive nourishment from the fountain. The fountain is the provisional source of water for life. The word "eyes" in this verse figuratively represents Adam's perception of life and what he sees as the center of life (as a fountain is the focal point or center of the landscape).

"Opened" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #6491 paqach (paw-kakh'); a primitive root; to open (the senses, especially the eyes); figuratively, to be observant.

The Hebrew word "paqach" is a key word to understanding what happened in the fall of Adam. When Adam's eyes were opened, he saw the scene of life differently. Having sinned, he would perceive life through his senses, especially the eyes. From that moment on, predominately, he would be driven by what he observes in his surroundings.

Adam became a sense-oriented creature because the imaginations of his heart became self-oriented and his thinking became self-centered. He perceived and believed himself to be a creature of flesh rather than a creation of the Spirit. His flesh could feel, smell, hear and taste elements of his environment. Through his senses Adam would form perceptions of life as he observes himself in his environment, rather than observing God in his environment. His reasoning faculties would be fed by what he saw, heard, smelled, felt or tasted. All his physical experiences was a powerful influence upon his perception of life and ultimately formed the desires of his heart.

Genesis 3:7 (Con't) - "Naked" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #6191 `aram (aw-ram'); a primitive root; properly, to be (or make) bare; to be cunning (usually in a bad sense).

Use in KJV-- beware, take crafty [counsel], be prudent, deal subtly.

As previously mentioned, prior to sin Adam and Eve were naked, so this verse of scripture does not speak of physical nakedness. The root word `aram speaks of spiritual nakedness. Prior to his fall, Adam was righteous in God's sight and thought not of himself, but only of God. Adam was not spiritually naked or bare. He was covered by the glory of God.

The result of sin for Adam and his descendants was self-centerness. Perceiving life through the senses gave birth to self-awareness and self-indulgence. His decision making processes would be motivated for the profit and good of self. His reasoning would be crafty, prudent and subtle as he strives to take control of his life centered on selfish motives.

End of Excerpt

It's interesting to see the Hebrew words in Joshua's account of the city of Adam #5782 - `uwr [opening the eyes]and #5783 - `uwr [be made naked] have the same meanings as the Hebrew words in Genesis 3:7 - Open #6491 paqach and naked #6191 `aram used in the account of the fall of man.

Additionally, 'uwr can also be used to figuratively represent the Jews having their eyes open to the reality of Jesus as their Messiah thousands of years later when they are saved by faith in the gospel of Christ.

Knowing God authored the Bible to contain hidden manna, I believe the city of Adam is included in the scripture to point out the sin and fall of Adam which brought waters of affliction upon mankind.

The waters of affliction were piled up in a heap and cut off from flowing into the Dead Sea. This foreshadows to Israel that the sin of Adam will have no effect when Christ is accepted as Lord of Israel. The sins of Israel will be removed and the reproach of sin rolled away because sin has been cut off. In the eyes of God it will be as though they never sinned - Hebrews 8:12 (KJV) - For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. I believe this is the message that God has placed in the scripture that "the waters rose up upon a heap very far from the city Adam". It is very far from the time of the fall of Adam that Christ was "cut off" and sin was "cut off" by the shed blood of Christ and the veil in the temple was torn in two (waters were parted). Both, the events in the foreshadow of crossing the Jordan waters and the event of the parting of the veil in the temple occurred in 30 AD and are very important correlations in validating the foreshadow.

Isaiah 43: 1-3 (KJV) - "...Fear not for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine. When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they will shall not overflow thee; when thou walkest through the fire, thou shall not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee. For I am the Lord thy God, the Holy one of Israel, thy Savior." Again, we can see passing through the waters through faith in God is a metaphor of salvation through Christ Jesus, Savior of Israel.

Christ stands in the middle of the river for those who follow after Him. Sin can no longer separate him from God. In his transformational experiences, Christ will deliver him through the waters of affliction and from the flames of tribulation because He is our Savior. Not only does He save us from sin and death, but He also saves us from being overcome by affliction and tribulation, granting victory in life's issues. Remember when God instructed the Israelites through Moses, as they crossed the Red Sea, "Do not look to the left or the right." This is God's instruction not to be moved by what is seen (circumstances and trials), rather be focused on God's promises and instructions. Remain faithful and stay focused on the path God has prepared for our crossing - the covenant promise that is in Christ  

Joshua 3:16 (Con't) - Zaretan - The city of Adam is located on the east side of the Jordan River. Adam is beside Zaretan, which is an area of clay between Succoth and Zarthan (I Kings 7:46). (Zarthan translated in Hebrew is the same as for Zaretan.) Succoth is located on the east side of the Jordan River just north of the Jabbok river intersection with the Jordan.

Zaretan is another important word in the foreshadow of Israel's salvation.

"Zaretan" - A city located on the east side of the Jordan in the territory of Ephraim (I King 7:46).

"Zaredathah" is also a name used in 2 Chronicles 4:17 to represent the same city as noted in I King 7:46.

"Zaretan" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #6868 Tseredah (tser-ay-daw'); or Tseredathah (tser-ay-daw'-thaw); apparently from an unused root meaning to pierce; puncture.

Both names in the Hebrew translation mean "to pierce". Figuratively, this represents the Word of God that will pierce the soul of mankind. This piercing results in the salvation of mankind, as the sword (Word of God) divides mankind asunder, even to the joints and marrow.

Luke 2: 34-35 (KJV) - And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against; (Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also) that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.

Hebrews 4:12(KJV) - For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

This piercing will cause many to know the sin within their own hearts. They will turn from sinful things toward Christ and be saved and will rise again as new creations in Christ.

Zaretan is located in an area of clay ground. Clay from this area was used by Huram when he made the molds to cast the bronze pillars for Solomon's temple. Casting these pillars from clay ground is most revealing. The word "ground" is taken from the same Hebrew word as "Adam" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) - a root word #119 'adam (aw-dam'). The Hebrew language sees both Adam and the ground as the same. This is not a strange thought because we know Adam was molded from the ground by God. So, molding and casting the pillars of Solomon's Temple from clay ground is keeping precedent with this understanding and forms an important part of the foreshadow.

I Kings 7: 14-46 is an account of all the brass castings Solomon had Hiram (KJV) or Huram (NIV) make for the temple. Of these castings there were two pillars for the front of the temple - I Kings 7: 15-22. Solomon named one pillar Jakin and the other Boaz.

Solomon to have given the pillars names of men, follows the context of the foreshadow. The fulfillment of this foreshadow is seen in -

Revelation 3:12 (KJV) - Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out; and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is the new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God; and I will write upon him my new name.

The believer, when he has not denied the name of Christ or the Word of God, will become an overcomer. He will be a member in the Philadelphia church. Christ will use the Philadelphia church as pillars in the temple of God during the millennium reign. This fulfills the prophetic foreshadow of Solomon, casting the pillars in clay and giving them names of men.

Once again, out of the clay God will make pillars for His temple, just as Huram did for God's temple during the reign of Solomon.

Isaiah 64:8 - "Yet, O Lord, you are our Father. We are the clay, you are the potter; we are the work of your hand."

Jeremiah 18:6 - "O house of Israel, can I not do with you as this potter does?" declares the Lord. "Like clay in the hand of the potter, so are you in my hand, O house of Israel."

"Pillar" as used in the book of Genesis (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #4676 matstsebah (mats-tsay-baw'); feminine (causatively) participle of 5324; something stationed, i.e. a column or (memorial stone).

#5324 natsab (naw-tsab'); a prim root; to station, in various applications (literally or figuratively).

The Hebrew word "matstsebah", which means "something stationed", i.e., a column or (memorial stone). "Matstsebah" is taken from the Hebrew root word "natsab" which means "to station".

"Pillar" as used in the rest of the Old Testament - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5982 `ammuwd (am-mood'); or `ammud (am-mood'); from #5975; a column (as standing); also a stand, i.e. platform:

#5975 -`amad (aw-mad'); a primitive root; to stand.

Use in KJV-- abide (behind), appoint, be employed, endure, establish, make, ordain, tarry.

The interpretation of pillar is good as it reveals God establishing the house of God, preparing His people for the coming of Christ so that the body of Christ will be used as pillars in the temple of God in the earth. Pillars that stand as support for the final temple of God (body of Christ). Pillars ordained and employed by Christ to carry the gospel to the world. Pillars who will tarry and abide in Christ, standing and trusting in God during times of persecution and trials of faith. This is the training ground for the building of a full persuasion of faith. To serve and stand uprightly as Christ stands, is to be established as a pillar in the temple of God. Uprightness (righteousness) is the plumb line of God.

1 Corinthians 3:16 (KJV) - Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?

Zarethan is an important word in establishing this foreshadow of God, building the true temple in the earth through the transformation (molding) process. We can see why the city of Adam is located adjacent to the region of Zarethan, where God used the clay ground for molding Adam as well as casting pillars for his temple.

Joshua 3:16 (Con't) - "Cut off" - For the Jew -

The time of tribulation (waters) will be cut off in the midst of the seven years tribulation (flood stage) for those who repent under the preaching of the 144,000 Jewish evangelists and accept Jesus as the true Messiah.

Joshua 3:16 (Con't) - "Cut off" - For the Gentile -

The waters of affliction that come against those who believe and follow the new way of trusting in God's Word will be cut off by Christ. The building of faith requires the believer to stand as a pillar and not fade away or faint in his faith when persecution or affliction comes. Every believer must persevere through the waters of affliction. How else could we experience our faith? God will bring him across in due season (Galatians 6:9).

Christ was "cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people he was stricken" (Isaiah 53:8). Christ, having been "cut off" to pay the sin debt (crucifixion) and He "cuts off" (parts) the waters of affliction for each believer who trusts in Him and does not shrink back in his faith.

Joshua 3:16 (Con't) - "Right against" - As soon as the believer has crossed over, he will be right against (adversity) the forces of darkness that seek to stop him from taking possession of the promises of God in Christ. Persecution will come because of His Word - Matthew 13:20-23 (NIV) - The one who received the seed that fell on rocky places is the man who hears the word and at once receives it with joy. (21) But since he has no root, he lasts only a short time. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, he quickly falls away. (22) The one who received the seed that fell among the thorns is the man who hears the word, but the worries of this life and the deceitfulness of wealth choke it, making it unfruitful. (23) But the one who received the seed that fell on good soil is the man who hears the word and understands it. He produces a crop, yielding a hundred, sixty or thirty times what was sown."

Once he has grown in his faith by taking possession of God's promises and knows Christ personally, it does not end there. It has only begun. There's much seed to be sown and much fruit to harvested.

Joshua 3:16 (Con't) - "Jericho" - Jericho translated Hebrew means "fragrant".

The nation of Israel took Jericho to establish the nation in the land promised by God. Jericho was the first city to be conquered by faith. It was a sweet fragrant victory in the nostrils of God.

The believer is walking in newness of life and is a victor. There will be many Jerichos in the believer's life. There will be many conquests, won by faith in God's promises.

It is a very good thing to "cross over" into the land of promises, but now the land must be possessed by all believers. With each individual victory a piece of the land is taken for the cooperate body of Christ, the church. The land cannot belong to the church until it is possessed by Christians, individual to individual. Even as Israel was right against Jericho to be taken by conquest, figuratively speaking, the body of Christian believers must take action to possess the spiritual land of promises and to win the world for Christ. The body of Christ will take Jericho (the first of many cities in many nations) for the glory of Christ and to establish the Kingdom of God. Each convert, whether city or individual, will be a fragrant offering to God, the Father.

The Bible states that each Christian in the Body of Christ is to take the gospel to the world so others also can take possession of the promises of God by conquest (established and standing in faith, trusting God for the victory - discipleship). Christ commands Christians to take possession of the land for God - Mark 16:15-16 (KJV) - And he said unto them, "Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. (16) He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned."

2 Corinthians 2:14-16 (NIV) - But thanks be to God, who always leads us in triumphal procession in Christ and through us spreads everywhere the fragrance of the knowledge of him. (15) For we are TO GOD the aroma of Christ among those who are being saved and those who are perishing. (16) To the one we are the smell of death; to the other, the fragrance of life. And who is equal to such a task?

The conquest of Jericho foreshadows the spread of the gospel through the church. The church is a vessel through which God saves the world by the preached and taught Word under the power of the Holy Spirit. It is God who breaks down the Jericho walls (obstacles) of sin which keep mankind captive. The preached Word is the fragrance of life to those who are saved and the smell of death to those who are not saved. Either way, God is commended!


Chapter 5

The Stone Memorial Taken from the Midst of the Jordan

Remember, previously I ask your to keep the word "midst" in mind.This is a very important part of the foreshadow as it validates the time of Israel's salvation in the midst of the end time seven year tribulation, Daniel's seventieth week prophesied for the salvation of the Jew.

Joshua 4: 5-7 (KJV) - And Joshua said unto them, "pass over before the ark of the Lord your God into the midst of Jordan, and take you up every man of you a stone upon his shoulder, according unit the number of the tribes of the children of Israel: (6) That this may be sign among you, that when your children ask their fathers in time to come, saying, what mean ye by these stones? (7) Then ye shall answer them, That the waters of Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant of the Lord; when it passed over Jordan, the waters of Jordan were cut off: and these stones shall be for a memorial unto the children of Israel forever."

"In time to come" - A prophetic declaration that in the future Jews will inquire about the crossing of the Jordan.

"What Mean Ye by these Stones?" - The future children of Israel will ask this question. They will be told that God cut off the waters of the Jordan and fulfilled His covenant promise to give them the promise land. Their interest will not be concerned with the literal historical account of the crossing, which is clearly documented and understood by all Jews who study the Law and the Prophets. But rather, they will ask because they are seeking a deeper meaning for God's specific instructions for establishing the stone memorial.

"Midst of Jordan" - God instructed the representatives of each tribe to take the stones from the midst of the Jordan river and to use these stones to erect a stone memorial in the place of their first night of lodging, Gilgal. At this place Joshua circumcised every male who had not been circumcised in the desert. This, of course, foreshadows spiritual circumcision of the heart by the Holy Spirit. Israel will undergo this new circumcision when they accept Christ as their Messiah.

The First Memorial of Stones

Joshua 4:20 (KJV) - And those twelve stones, which they took out of Jordan, did Joshua pitch in Gilgal.

The Second Memorial of Stones

Joshua 4:9 (KJV) - And Joshua set up twelve stones in the midst of Jordan, in the place where the feet of the priests which bare the ark of the covenant stood: and they are there unto this day.

Joshua 4:9 (Masoretic Text - Jewish Publication Society) - Joshua also set up twelve stones in the midst of the Jordan, in the place where the feet of the priest that bore the Ark of the Covenant stood; and they are there unto this day.

When the King James Version of this scripture was written, the word "also" was dropped and the word "and" was inserted at the beginning of the sentence. The Jewish Publication Society includes the word "also" when preparing scriptures from the Masoretic Text.

The word "also" is an important word because it means a second memorial was set up in the middle of the Jordan River, as well as the one at Gilgal.

Joshua 4:9 (Con't) - "Set up" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #6965 - quwm (koom); a primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literal, figurative, intensive and causative):

This scripture again foreshadows the salvation of Israel. Israel will rise (harvested) from the earth and be taken into the kingdom of heaven in the midst of the great tribulation. This is fulfilled when the Great Multitude is taken into heaven between the sixth and seventh seal in Revelation 7: 9-17.

Author's personal thoughts: This memorial of stones set up by Joshua will be referred to when the gospel of salvation is preached to Israel. Those who preach the gospel to Israel will refer to the stones to reveal God's plan for the Jews spiritual crossing. During the first half of the great tribulation, these stones will be referred to by the 144,000 Jewish evangelists to reveal to Israel the time for their "crossing over" is at hand at mid-trib. Their preaching will correlate the "crossing over" under Joshua with the "crossing over" under Christ. The Way was opened when the veil in their temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The Jews will realize they rejected Messiah. But, by the grace of God and the blood of His Lamb, the Jews will receive their spiritual inheritance by following Christ in the same way as they received their land inheritance by following Joshua and the Ark of the Covenant. Both, the Ark of the Covenant and the stone memorial were stationed in the midst of tribulation (Daniel's seventieth week) awaiting Israel's crossing.

Overlaying Old Testament events and principles onto the New Testament gospel of salvation will open the spiritual eyes of Israel. Then Jews will believe as they see New Testament gospel foreshadowed in the Torah (Law and the Prophets). Israel will accept this foreshadow of their salvation because it is validated by the same Hebrew words used in the Torah's historical account of the Jordan river crossing in the book of Joshua. The memorial of stones was set up specifically for this establish Jesus as the Messiah.

I believe any time the Old Testament scriptures state a certain event is to be memorialized for future generations, memorials will be used to reveal the truth of the New Testament through Old Testament foreshadowing. Then God's agenda for preaching the gospel to Israel will be fruitful. God establishes Old Testament memorial events in ancient times to foreshadow what the future holds for Israel. Foreshadowing is prophetic and is God's way of keeping the time of Israel's salvation a secret until the time of Jesus' crucifixion and resurrection. .

There are two stone memorials. The stone memorial at Gilgal represents circumcision of the heart, the Jews' humble acceptance of Christ Jesus as their Messiah Savior. The memorial in the middle of the Jordan River represents the rapture harvest of the Jews in the midst of tribulation as God builds His family.

See "For the Eyes of Your Understanding" - Volume V for a validation of the Jews harvest at mid-tribulation.


The symbolic meaning of the word "stone" - A deeper look into this foreshadow

The word "stone" when used in the Old Testament as a noun is taken from the Hebrew word "banah" which means "to build", "set up", "obtain children". These meanings reflect God's establishing the nation of Israel with the ultimate purpose of establishing His house - a royal priesthood. The root word for stone (banah) is the same root word for "pillar" which also means "to establish" or "to build". In the New Testament the Philadelphia Church will become pillars in God's temple (house of God) during the one thousand year millennium (Revelation 3:12).

Jacob set up a stone pillar in Genesis 35:14 at the place where God had talked to him, and he poured out a drink offering on it; he also poured oil on it. Jacob called the place where God has talked with him BETHEL.

"Bethel" translated in the Hebrew means "house of God". Figuratively, Christ reveals the same thing when He said he will rebuild the temple of God in three days (John2:19-21) using "living stones" (1 Peter 2:5).

Out of Jacob (Israel) God will build His house. The Jews will become the house of God when their sins are remitted under the blood covering of Jesus. God will indwell the Israelites by the Holy Spirit.

When God told Joshua to have twelve men take a stone out of the midst of the Jordan, God reveals not only the salvation of the nation of Israel at the midst of the seven year tribulation, but also reveals Israel will become the house of God - spiritual Bethel.

Ezekiel 37:10-14 (KJV) - So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army. (11) Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts. (12) Therefore prophesy and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel. (13) And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves, (14) And shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the LORD have spoken it, and performed it, saith the LORD.

Romans 11:25-27 (KJV) - For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles be come in. (26) And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Zion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: (27) For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.

Surely, God through Joshua and Daniel was looking to the day when the nation of Israel would put an end to sin, atone for their sins, bring in everlasting righteousness and anoint the Most Holy


Also, Stones symbolically represent Christians - The house of God, in whom God resides by the Holy Spirit.

Peter Was a Stone

John 1:42 (KJV) - and he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, a stone.

"Cephas" (Strong's Concordance/Greek) #2786 Kephas (kay-fas'); of Aramaic origin [compare OT:3710]; the Rock; Cephas (i.e. Kepha), a surname of Peter:

Strong's Concordance compares "Kephas" (Greek) to "Keph" (Hebrew) from which "Kephas" was derived.

Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary - John 1:42 (KJV) - Thou shalt be called Cephas, [Keeypaa' (OT:3710) 'rock'], which is, by interpretation, a stone, [Petros (NT:4074)] - 'Rock.'

Hebrew definition of Cephas (Keeypaa') - #3710 - keph (kafe) a hollow rock; from #3721;

#3721 - kaphaph (kaw-faf'); a primitive root; to curve:

Use in KJV - bow down (self).

In Greek "Cephas" means the rock and is a surname for Peter. But, the King James translators specifically included the proper Hebrew interpretation of Cephas to make sure readers of the KJV would see Cephas in the proper light. "Keph" (Hebrew) means a hollow rock and is derived from the root word "kaphaph" which means to bow down. Cephas will bow down to the chief cornerstone (Jesus) who is the anchor for the whole house of God.

Peter was a hollow rock, meaning his profession of faith concerning his willingness to die for the sake of Christ was hollow, as he denied knowing Jesus in order to avoid persecution from those who crucified Jesus. He did not deny himself for the sake of Christ, he preserved himself by seeking safety. However, when he was filled with the Holy Spirit in the Upper Room, his hollow profession of faith passed away and he was filled with overflowing faith and became a "living stone", according to his own words in 1 Peter 2:5 (KJV) - Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

Peter is a good picture of Christians who receive the sown Word of the gospel of Christ, but "When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, he quickly falls away - Matthew 13:20-21 (NIV). However, God is faithful to bring a Christian to a full persuasion of faith that takes up his cross, denies self and follows Christ.

Peter's faith was like a rock, a sure foundation for the building the House of God - Matthew 16:18 (KJV) - And I say unto thee, "That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it". Jesus proclaims the faith of Peter, as Peter believes that Jesus is the Son of God, will be the basis for the foundation of the church.

Paul also reveals this truth in Ephesians 2: 19-22 (KJV) - Now therefore ye are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints and of the household of God; And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief cornerstone; in whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord: In whom ye also are built together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.

Uniquely, the scriptures provide for the proper interpretation of Cephas, Simon's new name. I believe this interpretation is included in the scriptures to ensure each Christian will see the word "stone" when Cephas' name is read. The foreshadow of stones that Jacob set up at Bethel, the pillar of stones Joshua set up in the midst of the Jordan and at Gilgal, all are linked to the root meaning of Cephas' name. A foreshadow of God's raising up His final temple in the earth is revealed by the word "stone".

When Christ was studying the scriptures during the time of His youth, surely He recalled;

When Jacob talked with God and built a stone pillar in this place and he named the place Bethel, meaning house of God (Genesis 35:14).

When Joshua built a pillar of stones in the midst of the Jordan River, meaning the salvation of Israel will occur in the middle of the great tribulation.

When a member from each tribe took up a stone from the midst of the Jordan River and built a pillar of stones in the place of their first lodging in the promise land, meaning Christ gives them a heart circumcised by the Holy Spirit.

When Jesus changed Simon's name to Cephas. It was a very special moment as He was about to fulfill these prophetic events and establish the house of God (temple) in the earth.



Chapter 6


The story of redemption is seen in Joshua's account of Israel's crossing the Jordan River to take possession of the promise land. This foreshadow is validated by use of the figurative and literal meanings of Hebrew words used in the book of Joshua. So, this prophetic foreshadow is a valid use of the scriptures and is hidden in the Bible to keep the birth of the church a secret until after the death and resurrection of Jesus.

1. Seventy weeks have been established for the salvation of Israel. The seventieth week has not yet been fulfilled.

2. The Jordan River is a boundary between the land of darkness (desert) and the promise land - There is a boundary between the land of darkness and the land of promises in the spirit realm.

3. The Jordan River was parted when the feet of the priests carrying God's Word in the Ark of the Testimony touched the water - The chasm (boundary) was parted when Christ (the Word), the High Priest, died for the sins of Israel at Calvary and the veil in the temple was rent (torn) in two from top to bottom. The way was opened for the salvation of Israel.

4. The waters piled up in a heap, far from the place called Adam - The sins Adam and of the forefathers are remitted and done away with when Christ paid the sin debt for Israel. Israel will cross over on dry ground. Sins of the forefathers will have no effect on those who accept Christ as Lord and Savior.  The reproach of sin has been rolled away! The wages of sin is death and death has been swallowed up in victory! There is now no separation between Christ and his church.

5. The city of Adam is located next to an area of clay called Zarethan. Out of this clay Solomon cast pillars for the temple of God and named them Jakin and Boaz = God the potter, will mold pillars for His final temple out of clay and give them new names "known only to him who receives it" - Revelation 2:17.

Jeremiah 18:6 (KJV) - O house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter?, saith the LORD. Behold, as the clay is in the potter's hand, so are ye in mine hand, O house of Israel.

6. Out of the midst of the Jordan, Joshua took up stones to make a memorial for the future children of Israel to recall when God parted the water. Stones in the Old Testament represent building the house of God.

Fulfillment; Israel will be saved from tribulation in the midst of the seventieth week. Meaning, Christ will harvest the nation of Israel in the middle of the great tribulation prior to the rule of the anti-christ. He is taking up stones to build the final temple in the earth, of which He is the cornerstone.

7. Time of the Gentiles

The nation of Israel was instructed to wait for a distance of 2,000 cubits prior to crossing the Jordan, foreshadowing God's time set up for the Gentiles. When this distance of 2,000 cubits has passed then Israel will be saved.

Currently we live in the "times of the Gentiles". Christ is taking Gentile stones out of the midst of tribulations. This time gap was necessary because "salvation is from the Jews" - John 4:22. The Gentiles had to be engrafted into Daniel's seventy weeks of time God established for the salvation of Israel. If grafted in then there had to be a time slot in God's agenda for this purpose.

It is plain to see that God is on a schedule for the salvation of Israel.

Isaiah 46:13 (NIV) - I am bringing righteousness near, it is not far away; and my salvation will not be delayed I will grant salvation to Zion, my splendor to Israel.

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