"FOR THE EYES OF YOUR UNDERSTANDING"
Volume 1 - THE BEGINNING - A Foreshadow of the Christian's Birth
Volume 2 - NEW BEGINNING AND NEW WORLD ENVIRONMENT
Volume 3 - JOSEPH, EPHRAIM AND MANASSEH - A Foreshadow of God's Agenda for Jew and Gentile
Volume 4 - CROSSING THE JORDAN RIVER - A Foreshadow of Salvation for Jew and Gentile
Volume 5 - THE BOOK OF REVELATION - God's Agenda for the End Time
Volume 6- THE SEVEN LETTERS TO THE SEVEN CHURCHES
Volume 7 - CHRIST IN THE TABERNACLE - A Foreshadow of Redemption
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Copyright 1999, Donald P. Moss
CHRIST IN THE TABERNACLE -
A FORESHADOW OF REDEMPTION
Interpretations of scriptures used in this study are guided by the Biblical presupposition for the agenda of the gospel under the blood of Christ - Ephesians 3:6 (NIV) - This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus. God's intention for the church's ministry of the gospel is see in - Ephesians 3:10 -11(NIV) - His intent was that now, through the church, the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms, (11) according to his eternal purpose which he accomplished in Christ Jesus our Lord. There are no other Biblical scriptures which provide a more prudent presupposition to use when interpreting the Bible. So, these scriptures are the window through which this study views the symbolic meanings of the tabernacle. Thus, this study is in sync with the intent of God for the gospel.
This introduction to the study of the pattern of the tabernacle will provide six precepts which will make it easier for understanding the pattern - (1) Why did God move to deliver the Israelites from Egyptian bondage?; (2) What was on God's heart when He gave Moses instructions for building the tabernacle?; (3) The Tabernacle is An Integral Part of God's Covenant Work Through Christ Jesus; (4) The Hebrew Language is seen as the Real Bible Code; (5) The Tabernacle is God's Residence in the Earth; (6) The Symbolic Meaning of the Tabernacle Brings God and Man Together As Heirs to the Promise That Is In Christ Jesus.
After 400+ years of slavery and captivity, God moved to deliver the Israelites from Egypt. This was a momentous event of God moving to continue fulfilling the covenant promise He made to Abraham that "all peoples on earth would be blessed through him". This Exodus event should be briefly reviewed because the tabernacle is pertinent and tied to this movement of God.
Due to the Egyptians' pressure on the Israelites to increase production of bricks, the distressed Israelites cried out to God. God responded to their cry for help. The time had come for God to save His enslaved people from the oppressive rule of the Egyptians. The Israelites exodus from Egypt was a major milestone in the establishment of the nation of Israel. God's desire was to establish the Israelites in the land He promised to Abraham. But, first He moves them into a place in the desert so they could worship and serve Him as the only true Lord God and learn to trust Him for their provisional care. The tabernacle is the place of worship for the Israelites.
Exodus 3:12 (NIV) - And God said, "I will be with you. And this will be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you will worship God on this mountain."
God selected Moses to be His man to lead the people out of Egypt. God's instructed Moses to confront Pharaoh and begin a series of requests for Pharaoh to "Let my people go, so that they may worship me" - Exodus 7:16; 8:1; 8:20; 9:1; 9:13; 10:3 & 10:7. Seven times Moses approached Pharaoh and made this request. After each request God harden Pharaoh's heart and brought a plague on Egypt to teach Pharaoh that the God of the Hebrews was the only true God Almighty.
Exodus 8:1 (NIV) - Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh and say to him, 'This is what the LORD says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me.
God also instructed Moses to tell the Israelites that He never abandoned them while they were in Egyptian captivity and He was bringing them out of Egypt into a land of their own - a land flowing with milk and honey.
Exodus 3:16-17 (NIV) - "Go, assemble the elders of Israel and say to them, 'The LORD, the God of your fathers -- the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob -- appeared to me and said: I have watched over you and have seen what has been done to you in Egypt. (17) And I have promised to bring you up out of your misery in Egypt into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites - a land flowing with milk and honey.'
God caused the Egyptians to be favorably disposed towards the Israelites. The Israelites plundered the Egyptians for clothing, silver and gold prior to their exodus.
Exodus 3:21-22 (NIV) - "And I will make the Egyptians favorably disposed toward this people, so that when you leave you will not go empty-handed. (22) Every woman is to ask her neighbor and any woman living in her house for articles of silver and gold and for clothing, which you will put on your sons and daughters. And so you will plunder the Egyptians."
There were three primary things on the minds of the Israelites when they left Egypt. (1) They had the knowledge that God desired them to worship Him as Lord. (2) They had a promise that the time had come to inhabit the promise land. (3) God having prospered them they no longer were a poor people, as they left with wealth. The Israelites had the wealth required to establish the nation and they had a vision for the future possession of the promise land.
After crossing the Red Sea and settling in the desert, God gave the Law to Israel through Moses. Their obedience to the Law was an act of worship. The Law was most important for their spiritual growth because the Law's instructions and the miracles of God would be the basis for their faith.
In addition to the Ten Commandments, God provided them with instructions for making sacrificial offerings for the atonement of their sin. God also established the Levitical priesthood to intercede and represent the people to God. So, God stakes out a place in the community and designated it as holy ground. On this parcel of land God will have the Israelites build Him a tabernacle, a place where God would live amongst His people. Prior to their exodus from Egypt, Israel knew God as the Almighty, but after they left Egypt, God is making Himself known as Lord. Meaning, God will daily live amongst the people.
The Law and the tabernacle were components for worshipping God and the building of faith.
What was on God's heart when He gave Moses instructions for building the tabernacle?
What was on the heart of God is called the mystery of God by the Apostle Paul. The mystery of God is a most insightful understanding about God and His promise to Abraham that all peoples on earth would be blessed through him. The mystery is this, God kept secret His decision of choosing us in Christ Jesus. A decision He made before time began or before the creation of the world. Think about it! We are so special to God that He made the world for us. But, He kept secret His plan for providing us with a Way to know Him and to be in Him. "Us in Him" is a message of wisdom among those who are mature in the Word - 1 Corinthians 2:6.
When God gave Moses the pattern for the tabernacle, He was looking beyond the time of the desert and into the future. He was taking another step towards fulfilling His objective of "us in Christ". "Us in Christ" speaks about the church, of which Old Testament prophets were unaware would ever exist. The prophets knew about Messiah who would come to save Israel, but the Christian was kept secret by God. Although "us in Christ" was kept secret and hidden in God, it was ever present in His heart throughout Old Testament times. Therefore, the revelation of the "Mystery of God" will also be in the tabernacle's pattern because it was in God's heart before day one of creation.
1 Corinthians 2:6-10 (NIV) - We do, however, speak a message of wisdom among the mature, but not the wisdom of this age or of the rulers of this age, who are coming to nothing. (7) No, we speak of God's secret wisdom, a wisdom that has been hidden and that God destined for our glory before time began. (8) None of the rulers of this age understood it, for if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. (9) However, as it is written: "No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him"- (10) but God has revealed it to us by his Spirit.
God did not reveal this secret until after the crucifixion of Jesus. Old Testament prophets had no knowledge of God's secret. But, God revealed it to Paul by the Holy Spirit.
Ephesians 1:4-5 (NIV) - For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight. In love (5) he predestined us to be adopted as his sons through Jesus Christ, in accordance with his pleasure and will.
Ephesians 3:2-5 (NIV) - Surely you have heard about the administration of God's grace that was given to me for you, (3) that is, the mystery made known to me by revelation, as I have already written briefly. (4) In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, (5) which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God's holy apostles and prophets.
Had the rulers of this age understood the end result of crucifying Jesus, they would have called it off. Had not Jesus been crucified then the church would never exist. So, it was necessary to keep the church a secret until after His death and resurrection. Even the Old Testament prophets did not know about the church ("us in Him"). However, since "us in Him" is in the heart of God, then the church is embedded in scriptures in the form of hidden manna, so that the secret of God would not be revealed to anyone prior to the death and resurrection of Christ. Now, through studying historical events, symbols, types and metaphors we can see the body of Christ ("us in Him") in the Old Testament scriptures, as revealed by the anointing of the Holy Spirit. The pattern of the tabernacle prophetically reveals the work of God through Christ Jesus.
It is prudent to see 1 Corinthians 2:6-10 as an important biblical precept to use when interpreting Old Testament scriptures. Why? When God chose "us in Christ" before the foundation of the world, He made a decision. Everything He does in the earth after making that decision was done to reach His objective of "us in Christ". Therefore, God's purpose for everything He did from day one of creation was "us in Christ". This is God's objective for having created the world and mankind.
So, this study will add 1 Corinthians 2:6-10 to the scripture first mentioned at the beginning of this study concerning His intention for the gospel - Ephesians 3:6; 10-11. Combining these scriptures will reveal the intent and heart of God throughout the Bible and reveal how He will accomplish His objective.
The phrase "us in Christ" will be used as a prophetic window through which the pattern of the tabernacle is viewed. It is most important to understand God's objective prior to studying the meaning of the tabernacle's pattern. Then when studying the symbolic meanings of each item used in the structure and articles used in the tabernacle's operations, Ephesians 3:6; 10-11 will be used to validate what is seen.
Understanding New Testament times, from the death and resurrection of Christ until He returns again, God is bringing Jew and Gentiles (those outside the nation if Israel) together into one body as heirs of God to the covenant promise in Christ Jesus (Ephesians 3:6). This fulfills the "Mystery of God" (1 Corinthians 2:6-10) and the Abrahamic Covenant that promised all peoples on earth would be blessed.
When studying the tabernacle's design and all its objects, Christ's mission of redemption and spiritual transformation of His followers is revealed. As Christ is revealed, the Jews and Gentiles will be seen coming together "in Him" - Galatians 3:26-29 (KJV) - For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. (27) For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. (28) There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. (29) And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.
This study will be based primarily in a word study of scripture through the Hebrew language. The author believes the Hebrew language was divinely inspired and given to Israel by God. A marvelous characteristic of the Hebrew language is its prophetic quality. Hebrew word definitions not only have literal meanings, but also have implied and figurative meanings (pictures) that are rich with imagery reflecting messages from the heart of God.
For a meaningful insight to the Origin of the Hebrew Language (click here)
The Tabernacle is An Integral Part of God's Covenant Work
The nation of Israel is the only nation on earth established as a result of a covenant between God and one chosen man, Abraham.
Abraham's second born son Isaac was the one chosen by God to be one of the patriarchal fathers, and God also blessed first born Ishmael at the request of Abraham. Factually, God spoke the same blessing over Ishmael that He spoke over Isaac. But, God did not establish His covenant with Ishmael.
Genesis 17:17-22 (KJV) - Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear? (18) And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee! (19) And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him. (20) And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation. (21) But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year. (22) And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.
Again, God states the offspring of Abraham will be reckoned to Him through Isaac. Reckoned means to be counted or regarded as one in the family of God.
"Covenant" (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew) - #1285 beriyth (ber-eeth'); from #1262 (in the sense of cutting; a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh): confederacy, [con-] feder [-ate], covenant, league.
#1262 - barah (baw-raw'); a primitive root; to select; also (as denominative from #1250) to feed; also (as equivalent to #1305) to render clear (Eccl 3:18):
#1250 - bar (bawr); or bar (bar); from #1305 (in the sense of winnowing); grain of any kind (even while standing in the field); by extens. the open country:
#1305 (Brown-Driver-Brigg's / Hebrew) - barar (baw-rar') to purify, to select, to polish, to choose, to purge, to cleanse or to make bright, to test (prove).
The covenant is a compact established by passing between pieces of flesh. "Covenant" comes from the root word "barah" which means to select and render clear. "Barah" is a denominative from the word "bar" which comes from the word "barar". "Barah" therefore reveals the process of rendering clear those under the covenant through winnowing which purifies and cleanses. Literally, the process of winnowing separates the wheat from the chaff. Spiritually, covenant winnowing cleanses and purifies the soul and the soul is made bright by the power of the Holy Spirit (glorification). Winnowing tests and proves faith to be genuine like gold.
It's interesting to see the Hebrew words that form the word "covenant" reveals a picture of the redemption process of God working in the Christian's life through Christ. The Abrahamic Covenant is a covenant of redemption, sanctification and glorification. The work of God in each life is a covenant work.
Genesis 21:12 (KJV) - And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called.
"Called" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #7121- qara' (kaw-raw'); a primitive root [rather identical with #7122 through the idea of accosting (boldly confront) a person met]; to call out to (i.e. properly, address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
God calls out to whosoever will hear His voice (Word) and received Him as the one true sovereign God and Lord. The descendents of Abraham will be called and chosen by Him to be "in Him" through the bloodline of Isaac.
There were twelve tribes that came from Ishmael and twelve tribes that came from Isaac.
Ishmael's descendents - Genesis 25:13-17 (NIV) - These are the names of the sons of Ishmael, listed in the order of their birth: Nebaioth the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, (14) Mishma, Dumah, Massa, (15) Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah. (16) These were the sons of Ishmael, and these are the names of the twelve tribal rulers according to their settlements and camps.
Isaac's descendents - Exodus 1:1-5 (NIV) - These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt with Jacob, each with his family: (2) Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah; (3) Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin; (4) Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher. (5) The descendants of Jacob numbered seventy in all; Joseph was already in Egypt.
Although God also blessed Ishmael with twelve sons, it is through Isaac that all peoples on earth will be blessed through His covenant of redemption. Messiah comes from the bloodline of Isaac. Through Messiah the way for Ishmael's descendents redemption will be open. Messiah does not close the door of redemption on anyone who willfully accepts Him as Lord and Savior. Messiah is inclusive, not exclusive. This is the hidden message of the tabernacle's design.
The Hebrew language is the real Bible code
An integral part of forming the nation was the language of the people. Isolated from social interaction with the Egyptians because the Egyptians detested shepherds, the Hebrew language after 400+ years of captivity became a language unique to the Israelites. I'm sure the Hebrew spoken by Jacob's seventy descendents when they went into captivity was the same language spoken by Abraham and Noah.
Was the language of Noah and Abraham the same language spoken in the garden between God and Adam? See Origin of the Hebrew Language (click here)
The Law of God given to Moses became the center of all life. Social, moral, judicial, commercial and all worship criteria was included in the Law.
The Hebrew language is composed by cuneiform letters that are picture symbols. Combining letter pictures form root words with multi-faceted definitions, literal, figurative and implied meanings, makes the language perfectly suitable for embedding hidden manna, as well as, literal historical data. This is what gives the Hebrew language a richness of imagery when studying the Bible. Deeper meanings of scriptures are revealed when Hebrew word definitions have implied or figurative spiritual meanings.
"Pillar" is a word used in the pattern of the tabernacle to describe the framework of the structure.
"Pillar" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5982 `ammuwd (am-mood'); or `ammud (am-mood'); from #5975; a column (as standing); also a stand, i.e. platform.
(Brown-Driver-Brigg's - Hebrew) #5975 `amad - to stand, to remain, to endure, to take one's stand, to be in a standing attitude, to present oneself, to stand still, to stop (moving or doing), to tarry, to be steadfast, to hold one's ground, to stand upright, to arise, to rise up or against.
The literal meaning of `ammuwd is a column, stand, platform, post, etc. But looking at the root word `amad from which `ammuwd is derived, the word has definitions that reflect human characteristics.
The word `ammuwd mirrors or foreshadows a person taking a stand; faithfully holding his ground against forces of opposition; taking a stand on behalf of something else; standing with another, to persevere, etc. Therefore, it is appropriate to see the word pillar as a prophetic symbol of a person who stands by faith at all times, doing the will of God.
When Solomon built God's temple he named the two pillars at the front of the temple after men. One he called Jachin and the other Boaz. Although these are pillars, Solomon's decision to give them names of men reflects his focus on the root word `amad rather the literal meaning of the word `ammuwd. I King 7:21 (KJV) - And he set up the pillars in the porch of the temple: and he set up the right pillar, and called the name thereof Jachin: and he set up the left pillar, and called the name thereof Boaz.
In Christ's letter to the church of Philadelphia in the book of Revelation, he stated he would make him who overcomes a pillar in the temple of God. - Revelation 3:12 (KJV) - Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name. Christ is using the word "pillar" to reveal his plan for using these Philadelphia Christians during the millennium reign of Christ. These Christians will be pillars because of their steadfast faithfulness and standing, doing the will of God. A pillar in the temple of God will be a Christian who is seated as a judge, overseeing other Christians in the millennium reign. The millennium temple will be the body of Christ and these judges will be pillars, standing steadfast, standing upright, standing with Christ to serve his people in tender love and with power. A Christian pillar is one who wholeheartedly represents Christ to others in the kingdom of God.
Using implied and figurative definitions of Hebrew root words will reveal hidden manna in the scriptures which give a deeper spiritual perception of the language.
The author of this work believes God purposefully structured the language in a prophetic metaphorical / symbolic manner to reveal hidden manna (deeper insights into His Word), while keeping the Christian (the church) a secret from the powers of darkness. Hidden manna is recognized by Christ in the book of Revelation - Revelation 2:17 (KJV) - He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it. Christ states He will give the overcomer hidden manna.
New Testament parables are a form of hidden manna because they cannot be understood apart from the discernment of the Holy Spirit. But, the figurative and implied meanings of Hebrew root words provide an even deeper revelation of God's work through Christ Jesus.
Hidden manna in the Word of God is the real bible code.
The Tabernacle is God's Residence in the Earth
This study of the Tabernacle will be intensive and attentive to the hidden manna contained in God's instructions to Moses to build the Tabernacle according to the pattern given him. Manna hidden in God's instructions will reveal the complete plan of God for the redemption and restoration of mankind, to live eternally with Him. What greater lesson can be learned than to know the Way to live with our Creator eternally?
The word tabernacle comes from a Hebrew word (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #4908 mishkan (mish-kawn'); from #7931; a residence (including a shepherd's hut, the lair of animals, figuratively, the Temple; specifically, the Tabernacle.
Use in KJV-- dwelleth, dwelling (place), habitation, tabernacle, tent.
#7931 shakan (shaw-kan'); a primitive root; to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
Use in KJV-- abide, continue, (cause to, make to) dwell (-er), have habitation, inhabit, lay, place, (cause to) remain, rest, set (up).
When God gave Moses instructions to build the Tabernacle, its design will reflect God's plan creating for Himself a permanent dwelling place in the earth. His dwelling began in the earthly tabernacle, but the final dwelling place or temple for God is in the body of Christ - His spiritual tabernacle. We are the temple of God. The root word for tabernacle (shakan) validates use of the biblical supposition of "us in Christ" as a window framework through which the Bible should be studied.
John 2:19-21(KJV) - Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. (20) Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? (21) But he spake of the temple of his body.
1 Corinthians 3:16 (KJV) - Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
2 Corinthians 6:16 (KJV) - And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? For ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, "I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people."
The tabernacle's design foreshadows the work of God building His final temple in the earth through Christ and through the processes of redemption - salvation, sanctification and glorification. So, the design will be inclusive of God coming to man through Christ, man coming to God and the final perfection of the body of Christ - His temple. Then God will return to the earth. Therefore, the tabernacle will foreshadow the complete work of Christ.
THE TABERNACLE BRINGS GOD AND MAN TOGETHER
God comes to man and says He is willing to provide all that we need to become the men He created us to be.
The precept of God coming to man in response to need is most important when forming a foundation for faith. There is nothing more important to God than the opportunity to show Himself strong and loving to those who seek to know Him. This is His favorite thing to do because it's His expression of love for His creation - 2 Chronicles 16:9 (KJV) - For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to shew himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect toward him.
When the Israelites cried out to God, He remember His covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and began to move closer to Israel than ever before. This close and more intimate position (He is among them) is represented by His name Jehovah.
Exodus 6:3 (KJV) - And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.
Almighty - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #7706 Shadday (shad-dah'-ee); from #7703; the Almighty.
#7703 shadad (shaw-dad'); a primitive root; properly, to be burly, i.e. (figuratively) powerful.
God was known by His name God Almighty up until the time of Israel's exodus from Egypt. God move in the earth in powerful ways to establish the patriarchal fathers and the descendants of Jacob. Working in the earthly realm, God used a famine to guide Jacob and his descendants into Egypt. Through slavery, given enough time, God establish the population of his people to the size of a small nation with adequate number of men of sufficient age to be in the Israelite army, so they could take possession of the promise land when the time arrived.
God prophesied Israel's four hundred year captivity in Egypt when he called Abram and established the covenant with him. Out of a land of darkness (Egypt worshipped Ra the sun god) God established His people.
Genesis 15:13 (KJV) - And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years.
During Israel's 400 years (Exodus 12:40) the nation grew to 603,550 men of military age (twenty years and older). Considering the nation to have an estimate equal number of women the same age and including all the children under the age of twenty, the approximate size of the nation of Israel leaving Egypt was approximately two to two and a half million people or greater.
While in the land of Egypt, the blood line of Israel was kept pure by the Egyptians refusal to have any thing to do with shepherds - Genesis 46:33-34 (KJV) - And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, "What is your occupation? (34) That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
During the four hundred years in Egypt the nation grew and the bloodline was kept pure because the Egyptians considered shepherds as an abomination. Therefore, no Egyptian would ever consider marriage with an Israelite.
Although the nation was oppressed and in the bondage of slavery, Israel prospered in numbers. God did not interact with the Israelites on a day to day basis. He was not dwelling among His people. He was God Almighty, not yet known to the Israelites as Lord Jehovah.
When it came time for the people to leave Egypt, God delivered them by His might and power. Devastating plagues were cast upon Egypt by God and Pharaoh failed in his attempt to retain the Israelites as slaves. God's plaques against Egypt demonstrated to the Israelites God's sovereignty over the gods of Egypt and over Pharaoh.
"Jehovah" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) - #3068 Yehovah (yeh-ho-vaw'); from #1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
#1961 hayah (haw-yaw); to be, to become, to come to pass, to exist, to happen, to be instituted, to be established, to abide, to remain, to continue, to accompany, to be with.
Jehovah will make known to the people eternal existence through faith in Him by moving closer to His people, to dwell among them and be their Lord on a day to day basis. God is moving to bring His eternal presence, power and His agenda to provide his people with eternal existence. God will give Himself to those who will receive Him as Lord.
In order for the people to receive Him as Lord, He must purge the minds and hearts of the people in a manner as to deliver them from Egyptian carnal knowledge and behavioral habits that separated them from God. This sanctification of the people will come to pass and God will cause the people to have faith in Him as Lord of their lives. He will be their Lord, the overseer of their spiritual development and growth. God moves closer to them in a personal intimate way to do the work of redemption.
When God separates His people from a land of bondage and slavery, He does so to allow the people to worship Him as God. Exodus 3:18 - "The elders of Israel will listen to you. Then you and the elders are to go to the king of Egypt and say to him, 'The LORD, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. Let us take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the LORD our God."
When a Christian accepts Christ as Lord and Savior, it is an act of worship. The Christian will spend the rest of his life worshiping Christ as Lord and God as Father. God came to mankind through the covenant; Christ came to mankind through the covenant incarnate birth and the Holy Spirit came to mankind through faith in the atoning death of Christ Jesus.
Man comes to God occurs when man wills himself to become the man God created him to be.
First, God takes His people out of Egypt
Before any man can come to God, he must first believe that God is the one true God and Creator of all. Then he must choose to accept and follow Him, in obedience and submission. This is the first objective of God, to get His people to believe that His is the only true Sovereign God and the provincial supplier of life's every need.
Since the Israelites are freewilled creations of God, each man must believe God is who He says He is. Free will mandates the Israelites must choose to believe and obey God before any change can take place. This will require faith in God's spoken Word, because faith cometh by hearing and hearing by the Word. So, the first thing God gives the Israelites, having settled in the desert, is the Law of God. When the Israelites believe God's Word, obey and worship, they come near to God.
Today, this principle still applies to any man who chooses to come to God. He comes to God by faith in His Word.
Hebrews 11:6 (KJV) - But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.
After man comes to God through Christ, God continues to make Himself known through man's faith in God's spoken Word.
Mark 16:20 (KJV) - And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with them, and confirming the word with signs following.
God works with each Christian in the transformation experience and confirms His Word with signs and miracles following. Faith is based in one's belief that God is eternally sovereign and Almighty. God performed a demonstration to let Egypt and Israel know by experience that He is the I AM THAT I AM - Exodus 3:14 (KJV) - And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.
I AM - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #1961 hayah (haw-yaw); a primitive root [compare 1933]; to exist, i.e. be or become, come to pass.
Jehovah is translated from the root word hayah (#1961). Likewise, "I AM" is translated from the same root word. So, "I AM" is the root word for Jehovah. "I AM" is the absolute word for God. God is the I AM because nothing exists above Him. All things are beneath Him because He is the Creator of all things.
This covenant separation for the Israelites in Egypt began as God caused the Egyptians to detest shepherds. The Egyptians enslaved the Israelites, but they would not socialize with them. Purposefully, God kept the Israelites separated from the Egyptians while Israel was in slavery. But geographical separation did not occur until Moses came to deliver them.
Secondly, God takes Egypt out of His people
Geographical separation brought the people out of Egypt. The next separation will take Egypt out of the people. This separation is sanctification by faith - Acts 26:18 (KJV) - To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
When God delivered His people from bondage in Egypt, He led them into the desert. In the desert the people could not live, apart from the divine intervention of God. The Israelites' environment provided no protection from the scorching sun, no water to drink and no food to eat. The wealth they gained coming out of Egypt could not provide what they needed while living in the desert. The Israelites would have to depend on God for all their provisional needs. The necessity of trusting God for all things in life was inherent in the desert environment. God wanted them in a place of needing Him in every aspect of life. The desert was a place for building faith in the hearts of the people. In the desert the Israelites could no longer look to the work of their own hands; rely on their own strength or rely on their their wealth in order to survive. They were in a place of needing God. The Israelites must experience the need for God before they will wholeheartedly come to God. Carnal man will not seek after that which he believes he does not need.
A need for God reaches beyond personal resource and ability. Need for God humbles man and opens his heart to receive divine intervention from God. Man must trust God to meet his needs; spiritual, provisional and physical. From his position of need and his faith in God, man develops a relationship with God as God fulfills the promises of His Word. His spiritual nature and character are transformed through the experience of faith fulfilled.
The Christian must always perceive himself as being in a place of needing God. If his eyes (perception of life) are good (focus on Christ) then his desert experiences will be fruitful towards the transformation of the soul. Matthew 6:22 (NIV) - "The eye is the lamp of the body. If your eyes are good, your whole body will be full of light".
Faith in God's Word and hope for the future are the way one separates himself from the things of the world unto God. Man no longer has a faith based on things seen, but on things unseen. When man lives by faith in God's Word, he walks by the power of the Spirit of God. All things then become possible to him who believes because a man who walks by faith renews his mindset and heart and receives the divine intervention of God in his life. He walks in victory, not in defeat.
Romans 5:1-4 (KJV) - Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ: (2) By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. (3) And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience; (4) And patience, experience; and experience, hope.
The act of faith transforms the nature of man through experiencing the intervention of God. His character is changed and he is not moved by the appearance of things, but rather by the Word of God. The changing of his nature is divinely empowered. He becomes an eternal living being. A man prepared to live in the next dimension of life with Christ.
Faith in God's Word takes Egypt out of the people.
Man's will must conform to the will of God
In order to guide man and lead him to do the will of God, man must become knowledgeable about sinful things that cause separation from God. Without God's Word man would never become knowledgeable of sin. Man would continue to live by his own reasoning and understanding and never know the things that bring death into his existence. Knowing the sin that brings death draws a line in the sand between life and death, so to speak, and through God's Word man will have hope for eternal life. The Law makes known the will of God. Freewill man must then choose to live by the will of God for his life. So, the Law is good and holy. God is drawing Israel out of darkness and to Himself through the Law.
When Israel obeys the Law, the people separate themselves from the past (Egyptian) behavioral habits and acts of sin. This separation is the first separation man experiences when he comes to God, separation through obedience to God's word. Through this separation God is taking Egypt out of the people.
God desires to be God over people who willfully accept Him as the one and true Sovereign God. When man comes to God and accepts Him as God, this is an act of worship. Worship means man places God on the throne of his heart. Worship is an act of love. God then sees Himself in the heart of the man and is pleased. The heart of the Christian man is actually God's throne and place of residence in the earth. Man becomes the temple of God in the earth by the indwelling power of the Holy Spirit. Faith in God and love for God sanctifies the heart of man and he is a child of God. This work of transformation by sanctification is a part of the pattern of the tabernacle.
It was necessary for the Law to also include instructions for orderly worship. Worship which is not only reverence and adoration for God, but is also reflective of man's willingness to do the will of God as he grows spiritually. Worship provides man with experiential expressions and etches God as Lord in his soul. Worship is a vital part of redemption and transformation.
Included in the tabernacle's design is hidden manna foreshadowing the redemptive work of Christ as His testimony (gospel) is imparted to men through the power of the Holy Spirit.
The word worship comes from the Hebrew word (Strong's - Hebrew) #7812 shachah (shaw-khaw'); a primitive root; to depress, i.e. prostrate (especially reflexive, in homage to royalty or God).
Use in KJV-- bow (self) down, crouch, fall down (flat), humbly beseech, do (make) obeisance, do reverence, make to stoop, worship.
Worship is humble reverence for God as the source of all things.
God's word to Pharaoh through Moses when the Hebrews were delivered from Egypt reveals His objective for their deliverance - Exodus 7:16 (KJV) - And thou shalt say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying, Let my people go, that they may serve me in the wilderness: and, behold, hitherto thou wouldest not hear.
"Serve" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5647 `abad (aw-bad'); a primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication, to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.
Use in KJV - be, keep in bondage, be bondmen, bond-service, compel, do, dress, ear, execute, + husbandman, keep, labour (-ing man, bring to pass, (cause to, make to) serve (-ingself,), (be, become) servant (-s), do (use) service, till (-er), (set a) work, be wrought, worshipper.
`Abad is a root word that means to worship God through serving Him as a bondman; to till (as plowing the ground) doing good works that supports God's objective of "us in Christ". There will be no "us in Christ" apart from bondmen serving God by ministering His Word to those who are held captive by a world of darkness and a lack of knowledge.
Worship is an act of commitment, submission and devotion to God in all matters of life. When one establishes his relationship with God, he is delighted at first with his spiritual freedom. He is delighted to bow down and become a person bonded to God devoted to doing His will and seeking to know Him. As a child of God he must grow in the stature of Christ. Sometimes it seems awkward to admit to oneself that apart from God he can't master his life. It is awkward to accept accountability to God for the life one chooses to live; awkward to turn the other cheek; awkward to love one's enemy. Why such a state of awkwardness? Why does it seem so uncomfortable to be like Christ? - Rom 7:14-17 (NIV) - We know that the law is spiritual; but I am unspiritual, sold as a slave to sin. (15) I do not understand what I do. For what I want to do I do not do, but what I hate I do. (16) And if I do what I do not want to do, I agree that the law is good. (17) As it is, it is no longer I myself who do it, but it is sin living in me.
Awkwardness means, within each mind are old programs and habits that subconsciously drive the mind. When the Christian subconsciously continues to respond to life in the old way, he comes into contrast or conflict with spiritual truths (Word of God) and is convicted by the Holy Spirit of his disobedience. This warlike conflict between the old way and the new way will continue until the mind is renewed and driven by faith in the Word of God under the power of the Holy Spirit. This transformation is an ongoing process. As time passes and the Christian is persistent in his walk with Christ, habits and old programs will fade away and a new creature will live and grow. This act of transformation brings glory to God and to Christ as the Christian perseveres in his faith. Sanctification by faith is an act of worship. When one takes up his cross (dies to old beliefs and behaviors) and follows Christ daily, this is an act of worship.
The Law was given to Israel to establish the way of sanctification and to continue Israel's progress in the transformational redemptive process. Within the pattern of the tabernacle is the on-going process of sanctification.
God gave the Israelites the Tabernacle as a place of worship separate from the rest of the community. It is a place where man can come to God via the intercessor work of the Levitical Priesthood. Jehovah God was amongst His people. The evidence of God's presence was seen in the pillar of fire by night and the column of smoke by day. Never before had Israel been so close to the presence of God. God set His throne (Most Holy Place in the tabernacle) in the midst of the community and each individual would follow set procedures for reconciling himself and his family to God. This was a great milestone in developing a perpetual environment for worshipping God. When the Israelite came to God, he came bearing an animal for the sacrificial blood offering to God for the atonement of His sin and the sin of his household. This blood offering ritual would be the order of worship until the day God would provide His Sacrificial Lamb for the remittance of sin for all people, who by faith enter under the covenant covering of God's blood (rams' skins dyed red covering of he tabernacle). This begins the transformational process of each Israelite placing God at the center of his life. Thus, God located the Tabernacle courtyard in the center of the community.
Each Israelite and his household will renew their minds concerning God as Lord of their lives. God gave them the Law, by which they will live; He will provide daily provision and guide them through the wilderness (desert); He will lead them in conquests to take the land He promised to Abraham; He will build their faith in Him as Lord of all.
The tabernacle has within its pattern, prophetic symbols concerning the establishment of the redemptive transformation process of salvation, sanctification and glorification.
It was important that the Tabernacle be constructed exactly like the pattern given to Moses in order to reveal God's plan for the posterity of Israel. Prophetic symbols used in the pattern are hidden manna from God pointing to the way of redemption for the nation of Israel. The design of the Tabernacle portrays God's agenda for the redemption of Israel and the Gentiles. The pattern of the Tabernacle portrays the blessing (redemption process) of the Abrahamic Covenant. A time is soon coming when Israel will become knowledgeable about the meanings of these symbols, it will be revealed to the Jew that Christ is their promised Messiah.
Symbolic prophetic meanings incorporated in the design of the Tabernacle are not unique to the first Tabernacle. Ezekiel's temple also has symbolic representations that reveal future agenda for Israel.
Ezekiel 40:4-5 (NIV) - The man said to me, "Son of man, look with your eyes and hear with your ears and pay attention to everything I am going to show you, for that is why you have been brought here. Tell the house of Israel everything you see." (5) I saw a wall completely surrounding the temple area. The length of the measuring rod in the man's hand was six long cubits, each of which was a cubit and a handbreadth. He measured the wall; it was one measuring rod thick and one rod high.
God's instruction to Ezekiel to use his spiritual eyes and ears and pay attention to the measurements of the temple and the area around the temple. These measurements reveal prophetic hidden manna for the house of Israel. Ezekiel is then instructed to tell the house of Israel everything he observes. Ezekiel did so by the writing of the book of Ezekiel. These measurements and symbols are prophetic statements concerning Israel's future because Ezekiel's temple, to date, has not been built.
Likewise, God's instruction to Moses to follow a certain pattern for the construction of the Tabernacle contains hidden agenda which is beyond the scope of literal interpretation. This document will be devoted to the study of the Tabernacle to reveal God's redemptive agenda for Jew and Gentile.
Exodus 25:9 (KJV) - According to all that I shew thee, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it.
"Pattern" - (Strong's - Hebrew) #8403 tabniyth (tab-neeth'); from #1129; structure; by implication, a model, resemblance:
#1129 banah (baw-naw'); a primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
Use in KJV-- (begin to) build (-er), obtain children, make, repair, set (up), X surely.
The pattern or design of the tabernacle is centered on God building His family and models or resembles another future tabernacle or temple. The tabernacle plan is designed to reflect God's plan to build a future temple through Christ, in whom God obtains children. The children of God are the body of Christ, the final temple of God in the earth. God resides in His temple - John 17:20 - 21 (NIV) - "My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, (21) that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. From the beginning the heart of God is centered on building His spiritual temple on the earth, "us in Christ" and "us in God".
To review other uses of the word Banah (click here).
The pattern of the tabernacle will foreshadow redemption from sin because that is the only way God's children are born.
Obtaining children is the true foreshadow in the pattern of the Tabernacle - the redemption of mankind through the Messiah.
Exodus 25:9 Con't - "Tabernacle"- (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #4908 mishkan (mish-kawn'); from #7931; a residence (including a shepherd's hut, the lair of animals, figuratively, the grave; also the Temple); specifically, the Tabernacle.
Use in KJV-- dwelleth, dwelling (place), habitation, tabernacle, tent.
#7931 shakan (shaw-kan'); a primitive root [apparently akin to #7901 through the idea of lodging; to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
The design of the Tabernacle foreshadows the final temple and permanent residence or habitat for God in the earth. When the children are redeemed from sin, the children will be God's place of residence (temple) in the earth.
Exodus 25:9 Con't - "Instruments" - (Strong's - Hebrew) #3627 keliy (kel-ee'); from #3615; something prepared, i.e. any apparatus (as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon).
#3615 kalah (kaw-law'); a primitive root; to end, be finished, perish, to complete, prepare, accomplish.
The design of the instruments or furnishings used in the operation of the Tabernacle represents the finished work of God through the Abrahamic covenant in preparing and raising His final temple - John 19:30 (KJV) - When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. Jesus' death on the cross finished establishment of the covenant because He was God's Sacrificial Lamb for the forgiveness of Israel's sin. The Way to God was opened, as the veil in the tabernacle was torn in two from top (heaven) to bottom (earth).
The instruments represent important aspects (God's tools) for the redemption and sanctification process. Sanctification is the work of God transforming the mindset and soul of man.
The Tabernacle foreshadows the establishment of the final temple of God in the earth.
Revelation 21:22 - I did not see a temple in the city, because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.
When the city New Jerusalem comes to the earth after the millennium reign of Christ it will not have a temple building because God, Christ and the church are the temple. Christ is in God and God is in Him and the church is in Christ and Christ is in the church - John 17:21-23 .
Without a doubt the pattern of the Tabernacle prophetically represents the redemption of mankind through Christ Jesus. All aspects of the pattern of the Tabernacle have prophetic implications, i.e., measurements, shapes, materials, layout, colors, instruments of worship, article designs and types of metals, etc.
This document will discuss the structure of the Tabernacle in a manner as to best represent the work of God through Christ in a chronological format, from the time of Abrahamic covenant through the end time. This is the time of God tabernacling with His chosen people through Christ.
The courtyard's shape and measurements are the best place to begin this study. The courtyard is the area of land set apart from the rest of the community of Israel as a sacred portion. On this area of land God will erect the Tabernacle.
"Court" - (Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words) - The word "court" is translated from the Hebrew word #2691 "chatser". Chatser means "court; enclosure." This word is related to a common Semitic verb that has two meanings: "to be present," in the sense of living at a certain place (encampment, residence, court), and "to enclose, surround, press together."
"Court" (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) - #2690 chatsar (khaw-tsar'); a primitive root; properly, to surround with a stockade, and thus separate from the open country.
The courtyard is a place God established as a holy place separate from the rest of the community and the outer open country. Additionally, the inner courtyard prophetically represents a time and place for spiritually consecrating His people from worldly things unto Himself. Via the courtyard God is drawing a line in the earth, so to speak. On the outside of the courtyard are worldly things common to mortal man. On the inside of the courtyard are things that are of God and are separate from the open country.
Metaphorically, God surrounding His people is seen in other scriptures -
Zechariah 2:4-5 (NIV) - ....."Run, tell that young man, 'Jerusalem will be a city without walls because of the great number of men and livestock in it. (5) And I myself will be a wall of fire around it,' declares the LORD, 'and I will be its glory within.'
Again in Job 1:10 (KJV) - Hast not thou made a hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? Thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land. When man comes to God, God receives him and establishes a hedge about him. For as long as the hedge is not broken by man's disobedience than Satan cannot destroy him.
"Chatsar" means the courtyard fence is God's hedge surrounding those who worship inside.
The agenda of God inside the courtyard is a foreshadow of God surrounding and enclosing the nation of Israel to save Israel from mortality and death. God's agenda is based on His promise to Abraham "that all peoples on earth will be blessed through him."
Exodus 27:18 (KJV) - The length of the court shall be an hundred cubits, and the breadth fifty everywhere, and the height five cubits of fine twined linen, and their sockets of brass.
"Cubit"- (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #520 'ammah (am-maw'); prolonged from #517; properly, a mother (i.e. unit of measure, or the fore-arm (below the elbow), i.e. a cubit; also a door-base (as a bond of the entrance).
Use in KJV - cubit, measure, post.
#517 'em (ame); a primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively).
Note 1: In the English vernacular we have a specific word for a unit of measurement. The English language has specific words for specific meanings. Thus, the English language has a myriad of words. Unlike the English language, the Hebrew language has far less number of words, but each word is multifaceted pictures and rich with imagery. Cubit as used in the above scripture means something special.
Although it seems odd that the Hebrew root word for a unit of measure also means mother, this image must be considered when studying the pattern of the Tabernacle's Courtyard. Mother means to not only to give birth, but to be the bonding catalyst in a family unit. The Hebrew language links the birth and bonding of God's family to the cubit when used as a unit of measurement. The cubit measurement as used in the tabernacle courtyard is then representative of the place and time of giving birth. The pattern of the tabernacle incorporates the agenda of God birthing His family through re-birth of sinful man. The tabernacle is a place of new beginnings.
Note 2: It is important to keep this prophetic meaning of "cubit" in mind as this study will use measurements to reveal time segments in God's agenda.
Measurements are very important aspects of the tabernacle pattern. Each part of the pattern was required to be a specific size. Why?
"Measure" - Verb Form (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #4060 middah (mid-daw'); feminine of #4055; properly, extension, i.e. height or breadth; also a measure (including its standard); hence a portion (as measured) or a vestment; specifically, tribute (as measured).
#4055 mad (mad); or med (made); from #4058; properly, extent, i.e. height; also a measure; by implication, a vesture (as measured).
Use in KJV-- armor, clothes, garment, judgment, measure, raiment, stature.
#4058 madad (maw-dad'); a primitive root: properly, to stretch; by implication, to measure (as if by stretching a line); figuratively, to be extended.
"Measure" represents a portion of time that extends into the future with a purpose of clothing God's children with raiment of righteousness (Revelation 3:5; 3:18). A vesture (garment or armor - Ephesians 6:13) that empowers God's children to stand as they persevere in the faith throughout the process in (Acts 26:18) of attaining to the fulness of the stature of Christ (Ephesians 4:13). This allocated time will come to an end and in the end time and there will be judgment (Revelation 20:4) against those who are outside the covenant (outside the courtyard. God has set a portion of time in the future when He will clothe His people with a garment and raiment of righteousness which is a gift of God through faith in Jesus as His Son and as His Sacrificial Lamb for the atonement of sin for Israel. All of the above statements are legitimate uses of the root words "madad" and "mad" which form the word "middah" (measurement), a feminine verb form depicting the birthing process of God"s children.
The measurement of the courtyard represents establishing place and time segments allocated for accomplishing the birthing and maturing of God's family. Even God uses the science of time/space continuum for revealing certain prophetic aspects of His agenda. A unit or measurement in distance or space is also representative of time. This factor is important when studying the pattern of the tabernacle, and also when studying other scriptures in the Bible.
As an example, measurements in the book of Revelation have prophetic significance concerning an event at the middle of the end time tribulation. Revelation 11:1-2 (KJV) - And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. (2) But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.
"Measure the temple of God" - This measurement has to do with the end time temple during the seven year tribulation period. The end time temple will have an inner court and a outer court. The inner court will contain the brazen altar for the sacrificial offerings. The outer court is the place of people waiting for their turn to make their offering. The inner court can be compared to the courtyard of the tabernacle of Moses' time, a place that only the priests are allowed to enter. The outer court is an area that is comparable to being outside the temple area or the courtyard of the tabernacle. This area will be given over to the Gentiles at the middle of the tribulation period. Outside the temple area or temple mount, the holy city of Jerusalem will be given over to the rule of the anti-christ and his followers who will trample on the holy city for 42 months, during the last half of the seven year tribulation time.
"Measure" as used in the book of Revelation (Strong's Concordance - Greek) #3354 metreo (met-reh'-o); from #3358; to measure (i.e. ascertain in size by a fixed standard); by implication to admeasure (i.e. allot by rule).
Use in KJV-- figuratively, to estimate: measure, mete.
#3358 metron (met'-ron); an apparently primary word; a measure ("metre"), literally or figuratively; by implication a limited portion (degree).
The measurement of the end time temple symbolically represents a limited portion of time allotted by God for accomplishing certain end time objectives. God metes out time allocations for salvation and wrath throughout His end time agenda. God is on a schedule! Isaiah 46:11-13 (NIV) - What I have said, that will I bring about; what I have planned, that will I do. (12) Listen to me, you stubborn-hearted, you who are far from righteousness. (13) I am bringing my righteousness near, it is not far away; and my salvation will not be delayed. I will grant salvation to Zion, my splendor to Israel.
Revelation 11:1-2 (Con't) - "Them that worship there" - When it comes time for the rule of the anti-Christ in the last half of the end time tribulation, God sends an angel to measure the temple and count the worshipers there. It is necessary to measure the temple because the set time has come to separate worshipers from those who do not worship. This separation represents God harvesting the earth of those worshipers (saints) at mid-tribulation. Worshipers who will not be on the earth under the rule of the anti-Christ during the last half of the tribulation period.
In a time space continuum, it is acceptable to consider the measurements of the temple and tabernacle courtyard as a foreshadow of the time God has allocated for obtaining children for the kingdom of God. Measurements are the most viable symbolic method for representing time segments in a time/space continuum.
When evaluating measurements in the tabernacle consideration will be given to time periods for accomplishing certain redemptive objectives.
Exodus 27:18 (KJV) Con't - "Height" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) - #6967 qowmah (ko-maw'); from #6965; height.
Use in KJV-- X along, height, high, stature, tall.
#6965 quwm- (Brown-Driver-Brigg's - Hebrew) to rise, to arise, to stand, to rise up, to stand up, to become powerful, to maintain oneself, to be established, to be confirmed, to endure, to be fixed, to be valid, to be proven, to be fulfilled, to be raised up.
"Qowmah" most profoundly reveals height as a representation of the vertical ascension (spiritual growth) of the people of the Abrahamic Covenant.
Exodus 27:18 (KJV) Con't - "Fine" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) - #8336 shesh (shaysh); or (for alliteration with #4897) sheshiy (shesh-ee'); for #7893; bleached stuff, i.e. white linen or (by analogy) marble.
#4897 meshiy (meh'-shee); from #4871; silk (as drawn from the cocoon).
#4871 mashah (maw-shaw'); a primitive root; to pull out (literally or figuratively):
Use in KJV-- draw (out).
#7893 shayish (shah'-yish); from an unused root meaning to bleach, i.e. whiten; white, i.e. marble.
To bleach or to whiten represents the cleansing and refinement of God's people through faith. Meshiy means to draw out as silk from the cocoon. This is the image of twisting wool into a thread for weaving into linen. Meshiy represents God drawing out or pulling out of his people impurities via refinement through faith and perseverance. The alliteration of the root word "mashah" with the root word "shayish" is appropriate in conveying this understanding.
Exodus 27:18 (KJV) Con't - "Twine"- (Brown-Driver-Brigg's - Hebrew) #7806 shazar- to twist, to be twisted.
Shazar speaks of twisting, as in the fabrication of a silk thread. Symbolically, twisting is the image of forming faith by perseverance during troubled times as a part of the sanctification process. James 1:2-4 (NIV) - Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds, (3) because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance. (4) Perseverance must finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything.
1 Peter 1:6-7 (NIV) - In this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. (7) These have come so that your faith -- of greater worth than gold, which perishes even though refined by fire-- may be proved genuine and may result in praise, glory and honor when Jesus Christ is revealed.
Isaiah 30:20 (KJV) - And though the Lord give you the bread of adversity, and the water of affliction, yet shall not thy teachers be removed into a corner any more, but thine eyes shall see thy teachers.
The bread of adversity and the water of affliction have been set in place by God to be our teachers. To teach us that God is with us and through Him we overcome all adversity and affliction. Experiencing God's divine intervention in our lives teaches us that God is faithful and sovereign over all of life. Through adversity and affliction each of us develop a viable relationship with God. Through faith we ascend spiritually.
Exodus 27:18 (Con't) - "Linen"- (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #8336 shesh (shaysh) or sheshiy (shesh-ee').
The word "linen" and "fine" are translated from the same Hebrew word "shesh".
Revelation 19:8 (KJV) - And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
Fine linen symbolizes the righteousness of the saints that is by faith in Christ, a faith proven genuine by trials of faith.
Genesis 15:6 (KJV) - And he (Abraham) believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.
Paul summed up in the following scripture what God meant by the words "fine twined linen" in describing the material used in the courtyard
Romans 5:1-5 (NIV) - Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, (2) through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand. And we rejoice in the hope of the glory of God. (3) Not only so, but we also rejoice in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; (4) perseverance, character; and character, hope. (5) And hope does not disappoint us, because God has poured out his love into our hearts by the Holy Spirit, whom he has given us.
Exodus 27:18 (Con't) - "Sockets" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #134 'eden (eh'-den); from the same as #113 (in the sense of strength); a basis (of a building, a column, etc.).
Use in KJV-- foundation, socket.
#113 'adown (aw-done'); or (shortened) 'adon (aw-done'); from an unused root (meaning to rule); sovereign, i.e. controller (human or divine).
Use in KJV-- lord, master, owner.
"Sockets" is the base foundation material for the boards (walls) of the tabernacle. The root word 'adown speaks of the earthly foundation for man's life, man's earthly connection. In the earthly realm fallen man is "'adown" (ruler or controller). God created the earth for man and fallen man is still the ruling force, inspired by the powers of darkness. But, as man turns to God, God empowers him to rule over the powers of darkness through faith in Christ Jesus. God is in the process of restoring man as ruler of the earth apart from the evil influences of satan.
Outside the covering of "ram's skins dyed red" in the courtyard, all metal bases are made of brass (representing man's earthly carnal nature). Outside the covering of the blood of Christ there is only an earthly fallen nature with an old mindset, behaviors and habits.
Under the covering of "ram's skins dyed red", all metal bases are made of silver which represents refinement of the earthly nature.
Exodus 27:18 (Con't) - "Brass" -
silver and gold have important meanings in the structure of
the tabernacle. Inclusion of these metals is best understood
by looking at the following scripture in Isaiah 60:16-17
(KJV) - Thou shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles, and
shalt suck the breast of kings: and thou shalt know that I
the LORD am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of
Jacob. (17) For brass I will bring gold, and for
iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and
for stones iron: I will also make thy officers peace,
and thine exactors righteousness.
"Brass"- (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5178 nechosheth (nekh-o'-sheth); for #5154; copper, hence, something made of that metal, i.e. coin, a fetter; figuratively, base (as compared with gold or silver).
Use in KJV-- brasen, brass, chain, copper, fetter (of brass), filthiness, steel.
#5154 nechuwshah (nekh-oo-shaw'); or nechushah (nekh-oo-shaw'); feminine of #5153; copper.
#5153 nachuwsh (naw-khoosh'); apparently passive participle of #5172 (perhaps in the sense of ringing, i.e. bell-metal; or from the red color of the throat of a serpent [#5175, as denominative] when hissing); coppery, i.e. (figuratively) hard.
#5172 nachash (naw-khash'); a primitive root; properly, to hiss, i.e. whisper a (magic) spell; generally, to prognosticate.
#5175 nachash (naw-khawsh'); from #5172; a snake (from its hiss).
God is using the word "nechosheth" to symbolically represent the earthly spiritual nature of man. A spiritual nature that is based and fettered in carnality, held captive to darkness. A nature that Adam took upon himself when he followed after the temptation of satan to disobey God. It is interesting to see the Hebrew language trace the meaning of the word nechosheth to the root word nachash which means snake. "Nachash" is also the serpent that was (hissing, whisper a spell) in the garden tempting Adam and Eve.
Brass as used in the design of the Tabernacle is symbolic of the carnal / sin nature of man. Any time brass is used in this document, it will represent the earthly carnal nature of man.
The courtyard pillars had brass bases. All metal that made contact with the ground in the east end of the courtyard was brass. Brass is symbolic of God working with the earthly nature of man. Other brass items include the altar for animal sacrifice, the laver of water for cleansing of the priesthood and the bases of the five pillars at the entrance into the tent. Religious rituals as defined by the Law on the east end of the courtyard cannot change the carnal nature of man.
God, having flooded the earth and began the new world with Noah and his family, did not establish the covenant of redemption until he made a covenant with Abraham. When God made the covenant with Abraham He drove a stake in the ground, so to speak, as a miner would drive a stake in the ground to establish a claim for mining. God staked out a place in this earth for His dwelling among the people as Lord. The Abrahamic Covenant is God's foundation for working in the earth. Covenant work symbolically occurs inside the courtyard.
Genesis 17:1-9 (KJV) - And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect. (2) And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly. (3) And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying, (4) As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations. (5) Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee. (6) And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee. (7) And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. (8) And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God. (9) And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.
After the covenant was made with Abraham, all God's work in the earth is directed towards fulfilling His covenant objective of redeeming the descendants of Abraham. Therefore, the size of the courtyard reflects God's agenda time for the fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant. The measure of the courtyard is one hundred cubits by fifty cubits yielding a space of five thousand cubits. From the beginning of the Abrahamic Covenant to its fulfillment is five thousand cubits. During this time God is birthing His family, sanctifying His children and restoring them to full glorification. God made the covenant with Abraham in approximately 1990 B.C. when Abram was ninety-nine years old. Some bible scholars have the covenant date at 2090 B.C.
Note: The intention of this work is not to attempt to establish specific dates, but rather to give an approximation of seasons God has established for covenant objectives. Understanding these time segments is very meaningful in understanding the agenda of God as defined by the pattern of the Tabernacle.
In summary, the courtyard symbolically represents God's covenant to Abraham that through him all peoples on earth would be blessed. The covenant separates God's people from the rest of the world. The covenant redemptive process provides for the salvation, sanctification and glorification of God's people. The work of God through the redemptive process transforms the carnal nature of man by faith and by the trials of faith, set in place by God to perfect faith and establish a relationship with each person under the covering of the covenant. By God's grace a person is granted righteousness as a free gift of God through Christ. The Christian begins to ascend spiritually through the sanctifying transformational process that symbolically occurs inside the courtyard.
Note: The Hebrew language portrays a complete representation of God's agenda for His people in the design of the Tabernacle. The Hebrew words that describe the materials, the measurements, the shape of the furnishings, colors of materials, etc. are also used to describe the redemption and transformation of God's people.
The shape of the courtyard was twice as long as it is wide. Shapes play a significant part in the symbolic representation of foreshadows in the Tabernacle. A shape that is twice as long as it is wide represents two squares that are positioned side by side. The squares have a most meaningful relationship with each other. The east half of the courtyard represents the time of the covenant Law. The west half of the courtyard represents the time of the New Blood Covenant. Both are integral segments of the Abrahamic Covenant.
Width, length and height measurements are significant and noted as such in another scripture concerning the city New Jerusalem - Revelation 21:16 (NIV) - The city was laid out like a square, as long as it was wide. He measured the city with the rod and found it to be 12,000 stadia in length, and as wide and high as it is long. The horizontal plane measurements are significant and the vertical plane measurements are significant. The shape of a square has significance.
Ezekiel 45:1-2 (KJV) - Moreover, when ye shall divide by lot the land for inheritance, ye shall offer an oblation unto the LORD, an holy portion of the land: the length shall be the length of five and twenty thousand reeds, and the breadth shall be ten thousand. This shall be holy in all the borders thereof round about. (2) Of this there shall be for the sanctuary five hundred in length, with five hundred in breadth, square round about; and fifty cubits round about for the suburbs thereof.
Square - (Strong's - Hebrew) #7251 raba` (raw-bah'); a primitive root; properly, to be four (sided); used only as denominative of #7253; to be quadrate.
#7253 reba` (reh'-bah); from 7251; a fourth (part or side).
Use in KJV-- fourth part, side, square.
All Tabernacle items designed to be shape like a square are related to certain redemptive aspects of creating God's family, the bronze altar (Exodus 27:1), the altar of incense (Exodus 30:1-2) and the epod (breast plate) of the high priest (Exodus 28:16; 39:9).
The Most Holy Place in the Tabernacle and in all the temples of the future are designed as squares. These rooms have a very significant meaning. These rooms represent the presence of God.
The book of Ezekiel states that there will be a time for assigning land to the tribes of Israel once again in the future. This land is specifically laid out with the holy portion in the center of the land allocated to the twelve tribes of Israel. In the center of the holy portion a city is laid out in the shape of a square. This is a square portion of land and in the center of the land a square city. God designates this area to be a square, because this pattern is a foreshadow of the New Jerusalem when God brings it to earth. I believe the New Jerusalem will be positioned over the center of The Temple Mount and the City of David.
Ezekiel 45:1(KJV) - Moreover, when ye shall divide by lot the land for inheritance, ye shall offer an oblation unto the LORD, an holy portion of the land: the length shall be the length of five and twenty thousand reeds, and the breadth shall be ten thousand. This shall be holy in all the borders thereof round about.
Ezekiel 48:20 (KJV) - All the oblation shall be five and twenty thousand by five and twenty thousand: ye shall offer the holy oblation foursquare, with the possession of the city.
Ezekiel 48:30-35 (KJV) - And these are the goings out of the city on the north side, four thousand and five hundred measures. (31) And the gates of the city shall be after the names of the tribes of Israel: three gates northward; one gate of Reuben, one gate of Judah, one gate of Levi. (32) And at the east side four thousand and five hundred: and three gates; and one gate of Joseph, one gate of Benjamin, one gate of Dan. (33) And at the south side four thousand and five hundred measures: and three gates; one gate of Simeon, one gate of Issachar, one gate of Zebulun. (34) At the west side four thousand and five hundred, with their three gates; one gate of Gad, one gate of Asher, one gate of Naphtali. (35) It was round about eighteen thousand measures: and the name of the city from that day shall be, The LORD is there.
The Meaning of the Square
These scriptures in Ezekiel reveal the meaning of the square in prophetic terms - "The Lord is there". When one considers things that are square, such as, the bronze altar, the altar of incense, the epod, the Most Holy Place and the New Jerusalem, he should see the presence of the Lord - "the Lord is there" because He resides there. In the design of the Tabernacle the Lord was present in the center of the Most Holy Place above the atonement cover of the Ark of the Covenant in the form of a pillar of fire at night and a pillar of smoke by day - "the Lord is there".
The Most Holy Place is on the west half of the courtyard is the earthly throne room and is shaped as a square, ten cubits by ten cubits. Again, Ezekiel states the holy oblation (sanctuary where holy offerings occur) in the temple shall be in the center of the city (square shaped) - Ezekiel 48:21(KJV) - ........... and the sanctuary of the house shall be in the midst thereof. There's a notable difference in Ezekiel's sanctuary and the tabernacle's Holy Place (sanctuary). The Holy Place is 10 cubits by 20 cubits (twice as long as it is wide) and Ezekiel's sanctuary city is a square. Why did the sanctuary shape change, from the tabernacle to the future temple described by Ezekiel? (Continue reading)
The courtyard of the Tabernacle is twice as long as it is wide. This represents two squares positioned side by side. There is a square for the east end and a square for the west end of the courtyard. The two squares of the courtyard are referred in scriptures as the west end and the east end of the courtyard.
Exodus 27:12-13 (NIV) - "The west end of the courtyard shall be fifty cubits wide and have curtains, with ten posts and ten bases. (13) On the east end, toward the sunrise, the courtyard shall also be fifty cubits wide. These are two squares positioned side by side.
As will be seen later in this study, squares are also used in the design of the tabernacle to represent sacrificial acts or events, such as sacrifice of animals for blood atonement of sin.
On the east end of the courtyard man comes to God by offering his animal for sacrifice. On the west end of the courtyard God comes to man by the pillar of fire above the mercy seat (cover on the ark). "The Lord is there" in the midst of the courtyard square because the ark was located in the center of the Most Holy Place, which is also at the center of the courtyard square.
A shape that is twice as long as it is wide reflects God and Jew in a process of uniting as one. God will be in the Jew and the Jew in God. The "twice as long as it is wide" shape of the courtyard becomes a square (symbolically both squares merge) when the Jew accepts Jesus as Messiah and enters beneath the "ram's skin dyed red" (New Blood Covenant) on the west end of the courtyard (God's half of the courtyard). When the Jews enter beneath the New Blood Covenant, then worshipping God by the sacrifice of animals for the atonement of sin will be abolished. The law of sin and death, the Levitical Priesthood and festival ordinances are put away. All of these are fulfilled in Christ Jesus' death and resurrection. So, the east end of the courtyard is no longer needed, because God and man have united under the blood of Jesus.
Review of the "twice as long as it is wide" shape: God's tabernacling process begins when man comes to God on the east end for the blood covering atonement of sin through the sacrifice of animals. On the west end of the courtyard God comes to man and many years later his sins are remitted under God's covering of blood, represented by the tabernacle's "rams' skin dyed red" covering - the Sacrificial Lamb of God. The east half is earthly, because man comes to God. The west half is heavenly because God comes to man. Although there are blood sacrifices on each end of the courtyard, one is a foreshadow of the other. Therefore, the courtyard design represents a two phase plan for the atonement of sin. First, on the east half God's plan (law) calls for atonement by the sacrifice of earthly animals. Secondly, when Messiah comes and dies for the sins of Israel, atonement by the sacrifice of earthly animals is put away and the Israelite moves over to the west half and enters under God's heavenly blood sacrificial blood under the "rams' skins dyed red". God's Son died so that mankind could live (eternally). God poured out Himself through the Holy Spirit and man can choose to enter heaven through the Holy Spirit. Truly, God came even closer to His people by the indwelling Holy Spirit to establish His true tabernacle in the earth. Under the sacrificial blood of Jesus, the Abrahamic Covenant changes (not just for the Jews, but also includes the Gentiles) because the way is opened for "all peoples on earth" to receive the blessing of eternal life, as promised by God. It should be said, the New Blood Covenant is stage two of the Abrahamic Covenant.
In the center of the east half of the courtyard was the square bronze altar, where man offered sacrificial offerings (oblations). In the center of the west half of the courtyard was the square of the Most Holy Place, the center of worship because it was the throne of God in the earth.
The east end represents the first stage of the Abrahamic Covenant and the Mosaic Law. This stage called for animal sacrifice for the atonement of sin, foreshadowing the sacrifice of God's Sacrificial Lamb. When Christ was crucified for the sins of mankind then the Jew no longer needed a man on the earth to be his priest before God. The veil in the tabernacle was rent in two from top to bottom and man could then enter into the heavenly throne room where Christ is his High Priest. The blood of Christ opens the way for the Jew to progressively move from the east end to the west end, if he accepts the blood sacrifice of Messiah for the remittance of his sins.
Hebrews 9:20-28 (NIV) - He said, "This is the blood of the covenant, which God has commanded you to keep." (21) In the same way, he sprinkled with the blood both the tabernacle and everything used in its ceremonies.(22) In fact, the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness. (23) It was necessary, then, for the copies of the heavenly things (tabernacle)to be purified with these sacrifices, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.(24) For Christ did not enter a man-made sanctuary that was only a copy of the true one; he entered heaven itself, now to appear for us in God's presence. (25) Nor did he enter heaven to offer himself again and again, the way the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood that is not his own. (26) Then Christ would have had to suffer many times since the creation of the world. But now he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to do away with sin by the sacrifice of himself.
When Christ entered heaven to appear for us in God's presence, the Levitical Priesthood was also put away. But, the Jews rejection of Jesus as God's Messiah caused them to stumble and miss moving beneath the blood covering of God's Son (ram's skins dyed red). The Jew is still ceremonially operating under the Law on the east half of the courtyard. So, symbolically the two squares of the courtyard still remain separate for the Jews for a little while.
Currently, since the priesthood and the ceremonial acts of worship on the east half of the courtyard was eliminated, symbolically speaking, all worship is now centered on the west half of the courtyard. Under the "rams' skins dyed red" the children of God will make sacrifices of the heart through faith (placing old beliefs about life on the cross and following Christ) in the Holy Place (sanctuary) - Psalms 51:16-17 (KJV) - For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt offering. (17) The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Note on Covenant Faith
Even as God tested Abraham's faithfulness by calling for the sacrifice of his only son, Isaac, God in like manner reveals His faithfulness to the covenant by sacrificing His only Son. Both covenant partners putting their most prized possessions into the covenant. Meaning Abraham gave his all and God gave His all. All of Abraham for all of God - this is the only deal God will make with His covenant people.
When Abraham passed the test God was exuberant about Abraham's faithfulness as He swore by Himself to fulfill the covenant promise - Genesis 22:15-18 (NIV) - The angel of the LORD called to Abraham from heaven a second time (16) and said, "I swear by myself, declares the LORD, that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, (17) I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession of the cities of their enemies, (18) and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me."
Because Isaac was a promise of God, Abraham believed God would raise Isaac from the dead. In this hope and by his faith in God, he obeyed God and offered Isaac as a sacrifice unto God. Abraham's faith and willingness to give God all he possessed was a true act of holiness. In Genesis 22:16 God said, "Because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son...". Why did God call Isaac Abraham's only son? Wasn't Ishmael also Abraham's son? Yes, but Ishmael was not the son of God's promise to Abraham and Sara. Ishmael was conceived due to the impatience of Sara waiting on God. Her impatience influenced Abraham's decision to lay with Sara's handmaiden Hagar. Ishmael and his descendants are not the chosen covenant people of God, but the way is open for them to enter under the covenant covering through Christ Jesus. God's intention was always to continue the covenant with Isaac, even before He promised a son to Abraham. God knew Abraham required a son to carry on the covenant promise, spoken by God in Genesis 22:17 God says, "I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore." Therefore, the covenant is based on our faith in God and His promise given to us in Christ Jesus - Ephesians 3:6 (NIV) - This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus. The covenant promise is fulfilled by faith in the remittance of sin through Jesus' death and resurrection.
On the west half of the courtyard is the Tabernacle tent, the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place. Prior to the death of Christ only the priesthood could enter onto this half of the courtyard to intercede for Israel in the Holy Place (sanctuary). The Chief Priest could enter once annually into the Most Holy Place after a ceremonial blood cleansing. But, when Christ died and his blood covered the sins of Israel. The Levitical Priesthood and was put away and Christ became the High Priest for Israel. Through the Holy Spirit, Israel can now approach God without the intercession of any priest other than Christ.
God put the tabernacle on his half of the courtyard because the rebirth of the Jew will occur under His blood. Therefore, the tabernacle pattern has more to do with future events than with post-exodus events in the wilderness. Symbolically, the west half of the courtyard represents the New Blood Covenant which is structured within the framework of the Abrahamic Covenant. In other words, prophetically the covenant work on the east half of the courtyard was fulfilled by the covenant work of Christ on the west half of the courtyard.
Tabernacle Tent Structure
Entry into the tabernacle tent was positioned at the midway point of the courtyard where the west and east ends meet. The priesthood cannot walk onto God's half of the courtyard and present himself as intercessor for the community without entering the tabernacle.
The entry to the tent had pillars that were mounted on brass sockets (bases), which represents the carnal nature of man. All other pillars to the tent were mounted on silver sockets. The brass of the sockets at the entrance pillars indicate that the blood of animals on the east half of the courtyard does not change the carnal nature of man. So, the brass sockets foreshadow carnal man entering into the Holy Place bringing carnal baggage, so to speak. He still has a carnal mindset and his mind must be renewed by the Word of God under the ministry of the Holy Spirit and the intercession of Christ Jesus the High Priest of the New Blood Covenant. Under the blood of Christ the Jew is no longer bound by the Law, believing that observance of the Law (works done by man) is righteousness before God. Righteousness is by faith (as it was with Abraham) and a free gift of God (grace) on the west half of the courtyard under the covering of the blood of Christ.
When a Gentile accepts Christ as Savior he confesses he is a sinner and unrighteous in God's eyes and needs be born again by the blood of Jesus. But, a Jew who has a legacy of believing he is righteous before God because he has obeyed the Law and atonement for his sins is made by the sacrificial blood of animals (as defined by the Law), does not believe he needs to saved or born again. It is difficult for Christ's messages of truth to reach past this bondage in the mindset of the Jew. It is not as difficult to reach a Gentile mind, which is not in bondage to the Law. So, salvation by the grace of God and the free gift of righteousness is more readily accepted precept by the Gentile. But, he still enters into Christ's presence bearing carnal baggage.
"Standing up" - (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew) #5975 'amad (aw-mad'); a primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literal and figurative, intransitive and transitive).
Use in KJV - abide (behind), appoint, arise, cease, confirm, continue, dwell, be employed, endure, establish, leave, make, ordain, place, (be) present (self), raise up, remain, repair, + serve, set (forth, over, up), stand (by, fast, firm, still, up), (be at a) stay (up), tarry.
'Amad is used in many ways to define literal meanings (pillar, post, column, etc.) and figurative meanings (steadfast, enduring, tarry, etc.). Therefore, the boards for the tabernacle will have a literal meaning of support for the tent coverings and have a figurative meaning of steadfastness, endurance and uprightness.
In this foreshadow of the tabernacle 'amad will represent steadfast and upright members of the Body of Christ, the temple of God.
"Wood" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) - #6086 `ets (ates); from #6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence, wood (plural sticks).
6095 `atsah (aw-tsaw'); a primitive root; properly, to fasten (or make firm), i.e. to close (the eyes).
Literally, `ets means tree or wood with an emphasis on its firmness, but it is derived from the root word `atsah which means to close or shut the eyes. Wood symbolically represents natural man with eyes (perception of life) firmly closed to a worldly view of life. He will hide the words of God in his heart and stand firm.
Christian's have their eyes opened to the truth of God when they moved under the covering of the "ram's skin dyed red" (blood of Christ) at the time of their salvation. He learns to close his eyes to the old pattern of beliefs based in worldly vain philosophies and sense knowledge. He firmly stands (steadfastly) on God's truth and does not look to the right or left of God's Word. He does not yield to the temptation to return to old behavioral patterns and old beliefs. He stays the course set for him in God's Word.
The work of the holy Spirit is to reveal deeper truths on his journey of spiritual growth, to close the eyes to worldly truisms and open the eyes to God's truth.
John 16:12-13 (NIV) - "I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. (13) But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.
Luke 24:28-32(NIV) - As they approached the village to which they were going, Jesus acted as if he were going farther. (29) But they urged him strongly, "Stay with us, for it is nearly evening; the day is almost over." So he went in to stay with them. (30) When he was at the table with them, he took bread, gave thanks, broke it and began to give it to them.(31) Then their eyes were opened and they recognized him, and he disappeared from their sight. (32) They asked each other, "Were not our hearts burning within us while he talked with us on the road and opened the Scriptures to us?"
On the road to Emaus these two men did not recognize Jesus with their physical eyes. It was not until He opened their spiritual eyes through the breaking of bread that they recognized Him and when He opened the scriptures to them their hearts were aflame with the power of the Holy Spirit. So, their eyes were opened by the breaking of bread through the testimony of Christ.
"Shittim" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #7848 shittah (shit-taw'); feminine of a derivative [only in the plural shittiym (shit-teem'); meaning the sticks of wood] from the same as #7850; the acacia (from its scourging thorns).
#7850 (sho-tate'); active participle of an otherwise unused root meaning properly, to pierce; to flog; goad.
Use in KJV-- scourge.
Shittah metaphorically represents the scourging and goading effect of God's Word on the natural mindset. The Word pierces the heart of the sinner when he hears Jesus suffered death and paid the wages of his sin (death).
Hebrews 2:9 (KJV) - But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.
Hebrews 5:8-10 (NIV) - Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered (9) and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him (10) and was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek.
Shittah also reflects Christians appropriating the death of Christ in their lives, to die to the old carnal behavioral patterns (closing the eyes to worldly truisms) as we take up our cross and follow him daily. Christians are pierced and goaded to repentance when the Word is sown in their hearts.
The shittim tree was thorny and would scourge and pierce those who came into contact with the tree. Likewise, the Word of God will spiritually pierce the souls of those who believe and bring about a separation between the deceit of sin and God's truth. The Word of God will open the eyes of the believer and he will learn about God. His perception of life will change. God will once again be the center of life.
Mary, the mother of Jesus, being a woman born on the earth also had the Word of God (sword) pierce her own heart also. So that the thoughts of her own heart would be revealed to herself.
Luke 2:34-35 (KJV) - And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against; (35) (Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.
The wood of the shittim (shotet) tree is ideal for representing the Christian (goaded by believing God's Word) as he stands firmly against the old sin nature and the rudiments of the world. Hebrews 4:12 (KJV) - For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
Faith in God's word will pierce old values and behavioral habits, giving the believer a new perception of life with the one true God.
Exodus 26:19 (KJV) - And thou shalt make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards; two sockets under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets under another board for his two tenons
Use in KJV-- foundation, socket.
#113 'adown (aw-done'); or (shortened) 'adon (aw-done'); from an unused root (meaning to rule); sovereign, i.e. controller (human or divine).
Use in KJV-- lord, master, owner.
#134 'eden (eh'-den); means foundation. `Eden is derived from the root word `adown which means, to rule or control (human or divine). Figuratively, `eden can be used in the divine sense to reflect the creation of man as ruler of the world (Garden of Eden). In the human sense, it also represents the freewill capacity of man to control and rule his domain by his cunning and brute force. But, in this verse the sockets are under the covering of the "ram's skins dyed red" giving us direction to consider only the divine use of the word.
Covered under the "rams' skins dyed red", Christians are given authority to rule over the powers of darkness and take possession of God's earth through faith and enduring ministry to those who are held captive by the powers of darkness and self-centeredness. Faith is the foundation (socket) of the church (all the boards united together to form the temple of God) in serving God, serving by faith in the authority God gave the church to take the gospel to the world.
Exodus 26:19 (Con't) - "Tenon" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #3027 yad (yawd); a primitive word; a hand (the open one, indicating power) from #3721; the hollow hand or palm; figuratively, power.
#3721 kaphaph (kaw-faf'); a primitive root; to curve.
Use in KJV-- bow down (self).
Yad means the power of man, the authority given to him by God to have dominion of the earth. The earth was created for man. Yad is taken from the word kaphaph which means to bow down with open hand (indicates receiving power from God). Man's power is a result of his faithful humble submission to God.
There are two tenons and two sockets per board. The board is the main structural support member of the tabernacle framework. Each shittim wood board is a pillar in the tabernacle and is covered with gold overlay, figuratively representing glorification. Those in the body of Christ who are in the process of growing spiritually glorify Christ by the life they live. If his growth is continually progressive he will become a pillar in the temple of God - Revelation 3:12 - To him who overcomes I will make a pillar in the temple of my God. Never again will he leave it. I will write on him the name of my God and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which is coming down out of heaven from my God; and I will also write on him my new name. This statement by Christ reveals his desire to make every Christian a pillar in the temple of God, a pillar in the body of Christ, a pillar in the church. So, why are there two tenons and two sockets?
I believe the two sockets represents unity of Jew and the Gentile into one body (one board and an integral part of God's tabernacle in the earth) because the mystery of the gospel is - Ephesians 3:4-6 (NIV) - In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, (5) which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God's holy apostles and prophets. (6) This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus.
God kept the birth of the Christian through faith in Christ a secret, even the Old Testament prophets did not know about the church. It was not revealed until Christ paid the sin debt at Calvary and the Holy Spirit came in power upon the church on Pentecost in the upper room. Shortly afterwards, Saul encountered Christ through the power of the Holy Spirit on his way to Damascus. In the thirteen years Paul spent preparing himself to take the gospel to the Gentiles, Paul was given insight to the mystery of the gospel. This insight revealed God bringing Jew and Gentile together, united into one body (one temple), sharing in the fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant promise that "all peoples on earth would be blessed through Abraham". All peoples would receive power to live eternally through their humble (open palm) submission to Christ as Savior and Lord. Then the body of Christ and Christ become united as one entity, one body.
I believe two tenons and two sockets without a doubt reveal God's plan to unite Jew and Gentile, as pillars in the temple of God.
Exodus 26:19 (Con't) - "Board" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #7175 qeresh (keh'-resh); from an unused root meaning to split off; a slab or plank.
Qeresh is a root word which reveals a board that was split off from a larger wood member. When the shittim board is split off from the shittim tree, it could be said it's the same for every Christian when he accepts Christ and becomes a pillar in the temple of God. God removes this man from an earthly place of darkness, in which he was naturally born, and he becomes a new creation in Christ. God forms a new man out of the earthly nature. He still is a shittim board, but stands by faith in God's Word and is covered with the glory of God (gold overlay) when in submission to Christ. He progressively increases spiritually until he is no longer short of the glory of God. Then God returns to the earth with the New Jerusalem at the end of the millennium. Qeresh is a very appropriate Hebrew word to use in foreshadowing those in the future temple of God.
Exodus 26:19 (Con't) - "Silver" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) - #3701 keceph (keh'-sef); from #3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication, money.
#3700 kacaph (kaw-saf'); a primitive root; properly, to become pale, i.e. (by implication) to pine after; also to fear.
Use in KJV - [have] desire, long
The root word kacaph denotes a meaning that parallels spiritual aspects of one's position with God. One becomes pale (humble) when in the presence of God. We see this many times in the Old Testament when prophets were in the presence of angles bearing messages from God. The pale color of silver also denotes the reverent fear we have of God, humble submission, desiring and longing to draw nearer to the Lord. When Christians humble and submit themselves to God, brass is turned into silver. Silver is an excellent material to use to represent man's refinement after salvation and encountering the Holy Spirit.
Sockets are the foundation of faith for each pillar and are in contact with the earth. (Christians will walk in the earth by faith in Christ.) Brass sockets become silver sockets when man enters beneath the covering of the "ram's skin dyed red". The Christian is still human but filled with the Spirit of God. He is born again by the Holy Spirit. He is a new spiritual creation.
Note: When the Jews accept Jesus as Messiah, a desire to know Christ will be kindled in their hearts. The freedom they will experience from deliverance brings with it a strong desire to know more about Christ. This will be the first notable difference the Jew will experience between the law of sin and death which in the past rejected Christ (represented by brass) and the law of the Spirit of life, the born-again nature which desires and longs to know Christ (represented by silver).
The flesh becomes pale because one reverently fears the Lord. Keceph denotes the value or worth of silver as a rare metal, but also implies the value and worth of humbleness and the fear of the Lord.
When silver is seen in the tabernacle's pattern one should seen the refining and sanctifying work of Christ. Deliverance from sin frees man's soul and the Spirit of God enters in and a new creation takes place. The new creation cries out to know more about the one who loves him so much that He would die in his place. The Christian becomes pale as the old life departs and he humbles himself before God. He then is taking on a new higher order of life in Christ.
Malachi 3:3 (KJV) - And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
God sits and watches the refining of His people, even as a refiner of silver sits and watches the silver cook, the process of purifying the metal by removing dross (impurities) from the top of the liquefied silver solution. The refiner never takes his eyes off the silver. If he cooks the silver beyond the point required for removing the impurities, he will damage the silver - I Corinthians 10:13 (NIV) - No temptation has seized you except what is common to man. And God is faithful; he will not let you be tempted beyond what you can bear. God, likewise, will never take His eyes off the Christian during the sanctification process and does not allow the tribulations and trials of life go beyond what is needed for building faith in Him. Remember when He told Moses to tell the Israelites that He watched over them during their 400+ year of captivity in Egypt - Exodus 3:16 (NIV) - "Go, assemble the elders of Israel and say to them, 'The LORD, the God of your fathers -- the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob -- appeared to me and said: I have watched over you and have seen what has been done to you in Egypt. God still watches over the refinement of all who are under the New Blood Covenant.
Silver as used in the tabernacle foreshadows sanctification, refinement of the old nature by the power of God, the Holy Spirit. In the foreshadow of the Holy Place (sanctuary), God is turning brass into silver.
Once carnal man enters into the Holy Place of the tent his brass sockets (earthly carnal nature) is refined into silver in a progressive manner. This is the reason that only the pillars at the entrance to the Holy Place are mounted on single brass sockets. Each man (Jew or Gentile) who enters beneath the "ram's skins dyed red" he brings in his earthly nature and mindset for refinement. Once under the rams' skins he is one of two sockets (bases) under God's covenant and becomes united with the body of Christ and a pillar (board) in the temple of God.
The courtyard entrance pillars with brass bases represents the Israelites' spiritual place under the Law. The Law was powerless to redeem the Jew from sin so their earthly foundation could not be changed under the Law. Redemption is on the other end of the courtyard (west end) under the "ram's skins dyed red".
The silver caps on the courtyard entrance pillars represent hope of a new life revealed in the covenant promises. Hope of life and prosperity and deliverance from death and destruction through obedience and submission to God. Hope in the Abrahamic covenant promise provides a vision of the eternal future for those under the covenant and encourages faith - Romans 8:24-25 (NIV) - For in this hope we were saved. But hope that is seen is no hope at all. Who hopes for what he already has? (25) But if we hope for what we do not yet have, we wait for it patiently.
Brass bases of the tent entrance pillars reveals man as he enters the tabernacle into the Holy Place. When he enters beneath the "ram's skins dyed red" (salvation) he brings in carnal baggage from which he needs to be separated. This is the sanctifying work of Christ in the Holy Place (sanctuary). Under the blood of Christ shittim wood is overlaid with gold, meaning the Christian is filled with the glory of God by the indwelling Holy Spirit.
As in the shape of the courtyard, the Holy Place is also a shape that is "twice as long as it is wide", meaning there are two squares positioned side by side. One square is the Christian and the other is the Jew. This is the same symbolic meaning as the two silver sockets beneath each board of the tent structure. The covenant was made with the Jews and the Gentiles were in-grafted. Both Jew and Gentile go through the same sanctifying process.
These two squares will merge into one when Christ returns to the earth at the end of the great tribulation. Then Jew and Gentile will no longer be visibly separated from the Lord. The "will see Him as He is" - 1 John 3:2. Until then the Holy Spirit and man come together to work out his transformation by the renewing of his mindset. (Often referred to as the tabernacling process by preachers and teachers of God's Word). This is a more intimate relationship with God than was possible on the east end of the courtyard. It is a time of applied grace under the blood of Christ. Right standing with God is a free gift under His blood. Righteousness is no longer merited by works done by human hands or deeds of sacrifice. It is free because of God's love and grace for those who believe in Jesus as Messiah.
The caps of all the tent entrance pillars are gold overlay, rather than silver, representing a hope of higher ascendancy than was represented by the silver caps on the courtyard entrance pillars. Ascendancy to be like Christ, no longer short of the glory of God. This ascendancy begins at the moment of salvation and progressively continues until the end of the millennium reign of Christ on the earth. (It might be said, silver represents a glass that is half full and gold represents a glass that is full.)
The Jews rely on their observance of the law as a sign of their righteousness before God. So, they rejected the notion that they should be re-born. They do not understand that the law's requirement for sin offerings was a temporary provision and temporary righteousness until Jesus was crucified. At a later time, when it's time for the Jew's salvation (See God's End Time Agenda - Volume 5) they will realize that in the past they refused to enter under the "rams' skins dyed red" when Jesus died for the sins of Israel. Eventually, when they enter beneath the blood covering of Messiah, they too bring in spiritual baggage from 3000+ years of bondage to the law.
When man refuses to accept Jesus as Messiah, he stumbles - Isaiah 8:13-14 (NIV) - The LORD Almighty is the one you are to regard as holy, he is the one you are to fear, he is the one you are to dread, (14) and he will be a sanctuary; but for both houses of Israel he will be a stone that causes men to stumble and a rock that makes them fall. And for the people of Jerusalem he will be a trap and a snare.
Exodus 26:29 (KJV) - And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold, and make their rings of gold for places for the bars: and thou shalt overlay the bars with gold.
"Gold" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #2091 zahab (aw'); from an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold, figuratively, something gold-colored (i.e. yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
Zahab means to shimmer as gold and figuratively means golden in color as olive oil. It also figuratively means the clear appearance of the sky. In the foreshadow of the tabernacle gold figuratively means purity (holiness) which shimmers (countenance and glory) on the face of Christians as they grow and mature in their relationship with Christ.
1 Peter 1:6-7 (NIV) - In this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. (7) These have come so that your faith-of greater worth than gold, which perishes even though refined by fire-may be proved genuine and may result in praise, glory and honor when Jesus Christ is revealed.
When one sees gold in the tabernacle's pattern he should see glorification, the glory of God given to Christ who then gives glory to His church. The structure of the tabernacle is formed by assembling all the pillars together into one dwelling for God - the Body of Christ. The unity of the body of Christ is through the Holy Spirit and Christ is enthroned in the Most Holy Place of the temple. He is Lord of the church and its cornerstone.
John 17:20-24 (NIV) - "My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, (21) that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. (22) I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one: (23) I in them and you in me. May they be brought to complete unity to let the world know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me. (24) "Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, and to see my glory, the glory you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world.
Sanctification of the Christian cleanses his soul and eventually he will be found without spot or blemish, as clear as the sky. The spiritual freedom under the power of the Holy Spirit will shimmer (shine) in the face of the Christian and his countenance will reflect the glory of God.
Ephesians 5:26-27 (KJV) - That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, (27) That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
Christ sanctifies the church by the Word of God. When the Christian hears the Word and believes what he has heard, then sanctification begins. The dynamics of faith will raise up a church that is glorious, holy and without blemish.
2 Corinthians 3:18 (KJV) - But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.
The clarity of gold represents purity. In the book of Revelation. The streets of the New Jerusalem are made of pure transparent gold - Revelation 21:21 (KJV) - And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass.
This scripture links the transparent appearance of gold (clear as the sky) in the New Jerusalem to spiritual purity of Christians whose names are written in the Lamb's Book of Life - Revelation 21:27 (NIV) - Nothing impure will ever enter it, nor will anyone who does what is shameful or deceitful, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb's book of life.
It is fitting to use gold to foreshadow spiritual purity (glorification) of the Christian.
Apparently God used metals to represent different levels of spiritual maturity in the redemption process. Brass is refined into silver and silver into gold. Brass represents salvation of the carnal man. Silver represents sanctification by the trying of faith through life's circumstances. Gold represents glorification of the church, the covering of God's glory - maturing of the Christian. Salvation, sanctification and glorification is the redemptive methodology of God.
Coverings for the Tent - God's Covenants
Review: To this point in the study, the structure of the courtyard and the structure of the tabernacle has been studied. The study has revealed God staking out a place in the center of the community for the building of the tabernacle. The courtyard measurements reveal the time of God fulfilling His promise to bless all peoples of the earth through the Abrahamic Covenant. The east end of the courtyard reveals man coming to God for the forgiveness of sin. The west half of the courtyard reveals God coming to man to provide him with all that he needs to become the man God created him to be. The structure of the tabernacle reveals Jew and Gentile united as one in the true temple of God (the body of Christ). The metals used in the tabernacle reveal the Christian's progressive transformation from glory to glory to glory. All of the aforementioned are precepts of God's structured plan for the redemption of man.
Next, the tabernacle structure is covered with coverings and curtains. The coverings represent the overshadowing work of God in the tabernacle's redemptive process. The work of God began when He made covenant with Abraham. The covenant established God's promise to bless His creation of mankind. From that moment on, all of God's work is done to fulfill that promise. So, the Abrahamic covenant is God's covering beneath which He works out man's transformation, so he can receive the covenant blessing.
There are two coverings and two curtains. Chapters four and five are concerned with two covenants (chapter 4 coverings) and covenant work (chapter 5 curtains). Tent coverings overshadow all overhead curtains because the work of God in the tabernacle is covenant based. Beneath the covenants, God works in the earth from top (heaven) to bottom (earth). First, there are the covenants and then there is the covenant work. This vertical layering of the tent's structure is in sync with this precept.
The following chapter will reveal the covenant principles of the Abrahamic and New Blood Covenants. The top covering represents the Abrahamic Covenant. Beneath the top covering is the New Blood covenant covering. The New Blood covenant is beneath the Abrahamic covering because it has it's origin with the Abrahamic promise. It could be said, the New Blood covenant is phase two of the Abrahamic covenant. The New Blood covenant fulfills the Abrahamic covenant promise.
Coverings shelter God's people and provide hope for the future and provision for today. Covenant promises are paramount for a foundation of faith.
There were also two curtains beneath the two coverings. Curtains will reveal the work of God transforming the carnal nature and mindset of those under the covenants. The work of transformation is a promise of God to those who seek to enter the kingdom of God. The work of sanctification is by faith in God and His Word. Sanctification is a process of transforming the mind by faith and sets the believer apart from the world unto God through Christ.
Philippians 1:4-6 (KJV) - Always in every prayer of mine for you all making request with joy, (5) For your fellowship in the gospel from the first day until now; (6) Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ.
"Covering" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #3680 kacah (kaw-saw'); a primitive root; properly, to plump, i.e. fill up hollows; by implication, to cover (for clothing or secrecy).
Use in KJV - cladself, close, clothe, conceal, cover (self), (flee to) hide, overwhelm.
Kacah (#3680) means to cover as clothing or for secrecy. Hidden beneath this covering is the blessing that God grants all people on earth that are under the covering of the Abrahamic Covenant. Kacah is a Hebrew word used to represent or imply secrecy of the covering. What was concealed by the tabernacle's coverings? The future temple of God - the church (body of Christ). The heirs of God (Jews and Gentiles) share in the Abrahamic covenant promise which is given to them in Christ Jesus.
Ephesians 3:6 (NIV) - This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus.
The purpose of the secret is defined and revealed in the following scriptures -
1 Corinthians 2:7-8 (NIV) - No, we speak of God's secret wisdom, a wisdom that has been hidden and that God destined for our glory before time began. (8) None of the rulers of this age understood it, for if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.
This wisdom, destined for the church before time began, was kept a secret by God in order to assure its fulfillment. Therefore, this wisdom was on the heart of God throughout the Old Testament ages.
The secret of God was on His heart when He made the covenant with Abraham. This wisdom is within the framework of the Abrahamic Covenant - Psalms 25:14 (KJV) - The secret of the LORD is with them that fear him; and he will shew them his covenant.
The secret of God is revealed within the pattern of the Tabernacle - Psalms 27:5 (KJV) - For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me; he shall set me up upon a rock.
The secret of the tabernacle is God setting His people upon the rock, Jesus Christ. The secret of God is not Christ, but those who are in Christ, the church. The Christian is the thing kept secret from the rulers of this age. Satan knew Jesus was the Son of God in human form. But, if satan and his followers had known the final outcome of the crucifixion of Jesus, they would have call it off!! Imagine that!! God kept you and I a secret until after the death and resurrection of Jesus and then He revealed the secret (the body of Christ) to Paul the apostle. Remember, the birth of the church through Jesus was His original objective when he created the world in Genesis. Ephesians 1:4-5 (NIV) - For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight. In love (5) he predestined us to be adopted as his sons through Jesus Christ, in accordance with his pleasure and will--
The crucifixion (death and resurrection) of Christ was not kept secret. Prior to his death on the cross, Jesus taught that he was the resurrection and the life. John 11:24-25 (KJV) - Martha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day. (25) Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live.
The secret of God is centered on Jesus' death and resurrection. Those who called upon the name of the Lord are saved from their sins - Acts 16:31 - And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house. Christians are saved from death! The forces of darkness see the Christian being transformed from death into eternal life through the power of God, the Holy Spirit. This transformation into the kingdom of light is by faith. Through faith in Christ the grace of God, via the Holy Spirit, fills the soul and light is seeded in darkness. The powers of darkness cannot stop it. Additionally, this birth of light in a dark place has preeminence (authority) over all the powers of darkness - Luke 10:18-20 (NIV) - He replied, "I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. (19) I have given you authority to trample on snakes and scorpions and to overcome all the power of the enemy; nothing will harm you. (20) However, do not rejoice that the spirits submit to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven." Again in Matthew 16:19 (KJV) - And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
Satan did not know that through the death of Christ and the covering of his blood over the sins of those who sit in darkness would result in power over him and all the demons of hell. He did not realize that the church would be given this spiritual power by faith. Knowledge of this power strikes terror in the middle of hell and the forces of darkness must accept the fact that they have no power over the Christian covered by the blood of Jesus. However, satan will tempt the Christian to deny (doubt) his faith in God's Word and return to his old patterns of life and secular beliefs. The powers of darkness will always be around to test the faith of each Christian. There's still a voice of darkness in the garden of life that says, "Did God really say...?" or "Surely you won't die if you disobey God," (Go your own way and do your own thing).
God kept the Christian's re-birth a secret. Then via the ministry of the gospel through the church, all peoples on earth would be invited to come under the blood covering of God's Sacrificial Lamb for the forgiveness of sins and become an adopted son of God with full authority over the principalities and powers of darkness, not to mention "He has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ - Ephesians 1:3 (NIV). The spread of the gospel under the administration of the church was worthy of being the secret wisdom of God.
This is an amazing precept for the Christian and the corporate church to wrap their minds around! Satan and his demonic followers would not have crucified the Lord had they seen the end result - you and me!! The only secret God kept to Himself was you and me! He did not share this secret with any of the Old Testament prophets, judges or Kings! I can really see how special you and I are to God! I can also see how much He desires the lost to understand how special they are to Him through faith in His Son Jesus. Praise His name!
Covenant coverings are also mirrored by another scripture which portrays the sovereignty of God over those under the coverings - Matthew 23:37 (KJV) - O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings (coverings), and ye would not! Metaphorically speaking, these scriptures reflect the desire of Christ to gather Israel under His covering of the "ram's skin dyed red". The covenant is the covering under which God blesses HIs children. But, the Jews killed the prophets and stoned those sent to her. John the baptist was beheaded by Herod and the disciples were stoned when they preached the good news of the testimony of Christ. So, Israel stumbled and rejected the blood covering of their Messiah.
The coverings of the tabernacle tent are covenant coverings over God's people (as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings).
Exodus 26:14 (KJV) - And thou shalt make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red, and a covering above of badgers' skins.
"Badger" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #8476 tachash (takh'-ash); probably of foreign derivation; a (clean) animal with fur, probably a species of antelope.
Tachash means a clean animal with fur. Literally speaking, badgers' skins were used in the Old Testament not only as a covering for the erected tabernacle tent, but also disassembled parts during transporting to new geographical locations. Badgers' skins were also used for the shodding of the feet of the Israelites while in the desert. The badger hide was durable for protecting all tabernacle articles from environmental elements in the wilderness.
Strong's Concordance uses the word "clean" for the specific purpose of implying a sacred covering. In the pattern's prophetic representation of redemption through Christ Jesus (beyond the scope of literal interpretation), I believe the badgers' skin covering represents the covering of the Abrahamic Covenant. All the sacred work of God as He redeems His people from a place of death and darkness is done to fulfill the covenant. The sacred work of redemption is hidden in the pattern of the tabernacle and under the covenant covering, providing for the atonement of sin by the sacred blood sacrifice - Hebrews 9:22 (NIV) - In fact, the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.
Exodus 26:14 (KJV) Con't - "Above" - Implies the badger's skin covering overshadows the New Blood covering of "rams' skins dyed red". Since the New Blood Covenant is under the Abrahamic Covenant, it fits within the framework of the Abrahamic Covenant. The Abrahamic Covenant was not put away when Christ died on the cross, it was finished (established completely as a covenant). Remember, God is working from top (heaven) to bottom (earth). First, there's the Abrahamic Covenant and then there's the New Blood Covenant.
"Rams' Skins Dyed Red" - From a literal perspective, there was no scriptural reason to dye the ram's skins red. Literally, the natural color of the skins would be sufficient. But, the pattern of the tabernacle is metaphorical, beyond literal interpretation. God had a specific purpose for the skins to be dyed red. The color red foreshadows the blood covering of God's Sacrificial Lamb. This covering is the New Blood Covenant.
When God's Sacrificial Lamb was crucified at Calvary, the vail between the Holy Place and Most Holy Place was torn in two (top to bottom / heaven to earth) and the Christian can enter into the presence of God through prayer and faith.
The tent coverings are large enough to cover the west end of the Tabernacle down to the ground. At the entrance of the tabernacle tent the coverings do not hang down, but fit flush to the front corners and front top edge of the tent because it is the entrance under the blood covering. The entrance is fully open for all who believe that Messiah, Christ Jesus, died for the remission of sin. Then the faithful believer enters under the covenant covering. He will remain there until he has been completely restored to full glorification - 2 Corinthians 3:18 (KJV) - But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.
Full glorification is the work of God through Christ under the blood covering. Full glorification will fully restore the Christian to be the person God created him to be. Christ's mission of glorification will be complete at the end of the millennium period, which is also under the blood covering of the "rams' skins dyed red.
When the mission of Christ in the redemption and restoration process is complete at the end of the millennium, God will come to the earth with the New Jerusalem and the Lamb of God will be the Lamp that provides the light of life. Through Christ, all whose names are written in the Lamb's Book of Life will receive the full light and glory of God during the millennium - Revelation 21:23 (NIV) - The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp. Christ is the lamp of the glorious light of God because He is Lord and Intercessor for the people. The people belong to Christ because they were purchased by his blood - Acts 20:28 (KJV) - Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. John 17:2 (NIV) - For you granted him authority over all people that he might give eternal life to all those you have given him. The church belongs to Christ and through him the power of eternal life is given. Thus, He is the Lamp of God, imparting the light and glory of God to His church (body of Christ) through the Holy Spirit. Then the body of Christ will no longer be short of the glory of God.
Measurements of Time
The redemptive restoration dynamics of God's work through Christ will remain in effect until the end of the millennium reign. The covering of the "rams' skins dyed red" covers the period of time from Jesus' crucifixion through the millennium reign.
The measurements of the Holy Place are ten cubits by twenty cubits by ten cubits in height. The sum total of two thousand cubits, representing the amount of time God has allocated to the redemptive process while Christ is seated in the heavenly realm. This phase of Christ's mission is structured for the building of faith in things unseen, rather than things seen. While Christ is in heaven, He left us with the Word of God and the Holy Spirit. During this period of time, the building of faith in the unseen is accomplished through the ministry of the Word under the power of the Holy Spirit. This time is referred to as the time for the mystery of the gospel (Ephesians 3:4-6). At the end of this two thousand cubits of time, the ministry of the gospel (mystery) will be closed - Revelation 10:7 (NIV) - But in the days when the seventh angel is about to sound his trumpet, the mystery of God will be accomplished, just as he announced to his servants the prophets." Since the seventh trumpet inaugurates the time of God's wrath against unrighteousness, the ministry of the gospel is closed just prior to the sounding of the seventh trumpet.
Note: For another prophetic validation of the two thousand year period of time allocated to the mystery of the gospel, see FOR THE EYES OF YOUR UNDERSTANDING - VOLUME IV - Crossing the Jordan - The Salvation of Israel.
The measurement of the Most Holy Place is ten cubits by ten cubits by ten cubits in height. This totals one thousand cubits and represents the amount of time God has allocated to the last phase of Christ's mission - the Millennium King. Christ will no longer be in heaven, but will return to earth to reside with all the Christians who developed faith in things unseen during the previous phase of His mission. The millennium reign is structured to spiritually mature the body of Christ into full glorification. Then God will come to the earth with the New Jerusalem.
The total number of years under the New Blood Covenant redemption process is three thousand cubits. Then the redemptive and restorative mission of Christ will be complete and God will return to the earth. God will see His people face to face and walk amongst them, once again. The Father, the Son and the people will be in full glorification. The people's glorification began with the work of faith under the New Blood Covenant and finished with living with Christ one thousand years in the Millennium Reign.
Faith in God's Word - this has always been the intent of God - Ephesians 3:8-12 (NIV) - Although I am less than the least of all God's people, this grace was given me: to preach to the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ, (9) and to make plain to everyone the administration of this mystery, which for ages past was kept hidden in God, who created all things. (10) His intent was that now, through the church, the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms, (11) according to his eternal purpose which he accomplished in Christ Jesus our Lord. (12) In him and through faith in him we may approach God with freedom and confidence.
I believe the tabernacle structure (pattern and size) foreshadows times God has set in place for the work of salvation, sanctification and glorification. One end of the tabernacle is open for those who will believe God and accept Christ as the Messiah may enter by faith. The other end is draped and closed because it foreshadows the end of Christ's mission of redemption and restoration - the end of the covenants. Then God the Father will return to the new heaven and earth with the New Jerusalem.
The tabernacle curtains reveal God's work in those who choose to come under the coverings. Coverings represent covenant principles and curtains represent the covenant work of God.
The curtain of goats' hair fits beneath the covering of rams' skins dyed red, representing the church and the carnal baggage brought beneath the blood covering. Bondage / strongholds that will be broken through faith under the power of the Holy Spirit.
Romans 8:20-21 (NIV) - For the creation was subjected to frustration, not by its own choice, but by the will of the one who subjected it, (21) in hope that the creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to decay and brought into the glorious freedom of the children of God.
The work of God under the New Blood covenant covering is to liberate the creation from its bondage to decay. This work is represented by the curtains.
Exodus 26:7-13 (KJV) - And thou shalt make curtains of goats' hair to be a covering upon the tabernacle: eleven curtains shalt thou make. (8) The length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: and the eleven curtains shall be all of one measure. (9) And thou shalt couple five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves, and shalt double the sixth curtain in the forefront of the tabernacle. (10) And thou shalt make fifty loops on the edge of the one curtain that is outmost in the coupling, and fifty loops in the edge of the curtain which coupleth the second. (11) And thou shalt make fifty taches of brass, and put the taches into the loops, and couple the tent together, that it may be one. (12) And the remnant that remaineth of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that remaineth, shall hang over the backside of the tabernacle. (13) And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit on the other side of that which remaineth in the length of the curtains of the tent, it shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle on this side and on that side, to cover it.
Verse 7 (Con't) - "Goats hair" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5795 `ez (aze); from #5810; a she-goat (as strong), but masculine in plural (which also is used ellipt. for goat's hair).
#5810 `azaz (aw-zaz'); a primitive root; to be stout (literally or figuratively).
Use in KJV-- harden, impudent, prevail, strengthen (self), be strong.
`Azaz is used to represent the stronghold that the carnal nature has on the mind of the believer. His stout mindset is harden and prevails in his point-of-view concerning his life. Thus, he is liken to a goat. He brings this mindset beneath the "rams' skins dyed red".
Temperament - defined in Random House Dictionary as "the unique physical constitution of an individual that permanently affects his manner of thinking, feeling and acting; his natural disposition."
The temperament of man is permanently in place because it is genetically based. The fallen nature of man is seen in his character not in his temperament. However, temperament emotionally influences his manner of thinking, feeling and acting. When man turns to Christ and is reborn, his temperament does not change, but it is brought under control by the power of the Holy Spirit and his thinking begins to change to be like Christ. As the Christian disciplines his mind to the things of God, he changes his character. Having said that, when man appropriates the truths of God into his life, a war between his natural character and the truths of God will be waged. This is reflected in the fact that the believer's mind will know the will of God, but the things he does will sometimes be out of he will of God. Paul, the Apostle dealt with this conflict in his own transformational experiences.
Romans 7:20-25 (NIV) - Now if I do what I do not want to do, it is no longer I who do it, but it is sin living in me that does it. (21) So I find this law at work: When I want to do good, evil is right there with me. (22) For in my inner being I delight in God's law; (23) but I see another law at work in the members of my body, waging war against the law of my mind and making me a prisoner of the law of sin at work within my members. (24) What a wretched man I am! Who will rescue me from this body of death? (25) Thanks be to God-- through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, I myself in my mind am a slave to God's law, but in the sinful nature a slave to the law of sin.
Paul's zealous temperament did not change, but rather was redirected by God's Word. Paul's zealous manner turned towards doing the will of God and he was chosen by Christ to carry the gospel to the Gentiles.
The temperament nature and earthly characteristics of man are stout, but through faith in Christ's blood covering, man can be delivered from all his bad behaviors through the power of the Holy Spirit. This stout mindset of man will become humble and be submissive to God.
The anointing of the Holy Spirit breaks the yokes of all strongholds and bondage to sin. Isaiah 10:24 &27 (KJV) - (24) Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, O my people that dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrian: he shall smite thee with a rod, and shall lift up his staff against thee, after the manner of Egypt. (27) And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing.
When Man comes to God, God separates him from past sins and opens a door to eternal life. Like the exodus from Egypt, God has delivered man out of Egypt, so to speak. He has been born again as a new creation. However, this does not mean his old behavioral habits and bondage are left behind (remember the brass bases at the entrance to the tabernacle represents the carnality of man). But, once man is saved he must take a stand against those influences that form earthly mental strongholds. God assures man when he takes his stand, the Holy Spirit is present to strengthen him and provide a way of escaping strongholds, even as He provided a way of the Israelite's escape from Pharaoh.
The goats' hair curtain foreshadows bondage to old behavioral habits, values and strongholds that seek to separate Christians from God. Goats, although under the blood, sometimes are stout individuals with characters not easily brought to repentance.
Verse 7 (Con't) - "Curtains" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #3407 yeriy` ah (yer-ee-aw'); from #3415; a hanging (as tremulous).
#3415 yara` (yaw-rah'); a primitive root; properly, to be broken up (with any violent action) i.e. (figuratively) to fear.
Use in KJV-- be grievous [only Isa. 15:4; the rest belong to #7489].
Yara` is a root word which means "grievous" only in Isaiah 15:4. All the other times yara` is used it means the same as #7489 ra` a`.
#7489 ra` a` (raw-ah'); a primitive root; properly, to spoil (literally, by breaking to pieces); figuratively, to make (or be) good for nothing, i.e. bad (physically, socially or morally).
Use in KJV-- afflict, break (down, in pieces).
The root word yara' figuratively means to fear and to be grieved. When Adam sinned and turn away from God, he sensed his aloneness in the environment because he was separated from God. The result was fear and grief - Genesis 3:8-11 (NIV) - But the LORD God called to the man, "Where are you?" (10) He answered, "I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid." (11) And he said, "Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?" Adam sensed his nakedness because he turned away from God. Decay got a foothold in man. He lost His preeminent authority in the earth because he was no longer cloaked with the glory of God. So he tried to hide from God because he was shamed and grieved. But, God wanted Adam to realize his condition of sin, so He asked him "where are you?" Then He said "Who told you you were naked?" To paraphrase the narrative, God could have said, "How did you realize you were naked? Did you disobey me by eating from the forbidden tree?" From this moment forward, man will live his life in fear because he will not sense a connection to God. Without God, he only has a self perspective of consciousness. It is therefore necessary to deliver the children of God from fear, so he can trust God and live in peace, once again. A relationship with God must be established so he will never again believe he is alone in the earth.
The root word ra` a`, means to spoil by breaking to pieces. Man entered beneath the "rams' skins dyed red" when he heard the Word of God and was gored (conviction of his sin) and he then accepted Messiah as Savior. After he enters beneath the "rams' skins dyed red" he is broken down, piece by piece (divided asunder by the double edged sword of the Word of God), during the process of sanctification by faith. This is a process of experiencing God working on his behalf in troubled times. Experience etches a full persuasion of faith in the soul.
In the foreshadow of the tabernacle, the goats hair curtain is beneath the overshadowing work of grace under the "rams skins dyed red". This work transforms the stout and harden mindset of carnal man and is manifested by faith through affliction (breaking to pieces). The Christian will encounter adversity between his old beliefs and values and his belief in the Word of God. God will reveal to man his sin by spoiling his old ways of thinking; breaking to pieces his reliance on his own way of understanding life. The Christian's mindset will no longer rely on worldly definitions of life or the old ways of unrighteousness.
Matthew 21:44 NIV) - He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed."
Quick Review: The work of the Holy Spirit is foreshadowed in the structure of the coverings and curtains. First, God made covenant with Abraham (badgers' skins), the covenant was fulfilled in Christ (rams' skins), then those who are under the curtains of goats' hair have the old nature broken down by the power of the Holy Spirit. Sometimes this action is violent, very disruptive to the old ways. God is faithful to complete the work He began in us when we entered under the "rams' skins dyed red" at the time we accepted Christ as Savior and Lord - Hebrews 12:26-27 (KJV) - Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven. (27) And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. Even for those who are more difficult to reach, God will still complete the work He began at salvation - the building of an unshakeable faith in Him as Lord.
Christ is the capstone or cornerstone of the church. The redeeming power of the blood of Christ will break to pieces the sin nature of those who follow after Christ, but for those who reject the blood of Christ they will be crushed (judgment). For the believer, the above scripture reflects the forthcoming tribulations and trials for the building and testing of faith. For those who refuse to enter beneath the blood, the above scripture will condemn him at the last judgment - John 12:48 (KJV) - He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.
Verse 7 (Con't) - "Eleven" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #6249 `ashtey (ash-tay'); apparently masculine plural construction of #6247 in the sense of an afterthought (used only in connection with #6240) eleven or (ordinal) eleventh.
The english language has a specific word for a specific meaning. When english speaking people read, by default they read and interpret literally or specifically. But, the Hebrew language goes beyond literal interpretation because of its cuneiform (picture) characteristics. So, Hebrew words and root words have figurative and implied meanings. Having said this, I ask this question, "Why were there eleven curtains?" "What does God want revealed in this part of the tabernacle pattern?" Literally, many will say it was purposed to make disassembling the tent for ease of transporting it elsewhere. However, the badger's skin and rams' skins coverings were each sewn together as one piece and had the same transport problems. So, the interpretation of the word "eleven" should be a figurative picture of the work of God beneath the blood of Christ.
'Ashtey means to have a afterthought or to re-think something believed to be true. The word "ordinal" is used in the Strong's Concordance to mean "an order of priests". LIterally, it reveals to the Levitical priesthood they should re-think the law that was followed on the east half of the courtyard. They should study the pattern of the tabernacle by looking at cuneiform key words and root words of the Hebrew language and let God reveal a new way of perceiving the blood sacrifice for the atonement of sin through Messiah, Israel's Savior. When this is done the pattern of the tabernacle becomes a picture of redemption through Christ. Figuratively, it also reveals the forming of the order of royal priesthood of believers (Christians) under the New Blood covenant.
#6247 `esheth (eh'-sheth); from #6245; a fabric.
Use in KJV-- bright.
#6245 `ashath (aw-shath'); a primitive root; probably to be sleek, i.e. glossy; hence (through the idea of polishing) to excogitate (as if forming in the mind).
Use in KJV-- shine, think.
The word excogitate (Random House College Dictionary) means to "think something through" or "to invent".
`Esheth is derived from `ashath and means to fabricate (excogitate) something - to think something through and form a new perspective of truth through revelation (made bright). The root word `ashath means to transform the mind into a new way of thinking. From the new way of thinking new perceptions of life according to God's truth will arise. The work of sanctification transforms the mind through faith during victorious deliverance from strongholds.
The overshadowing work of God under the "ram's skins dyed red" is to transform the thinking of stout carnal minds (goats).
Verse 8 (Con't) - "All of one measure"- This phrase represents the uniting of eleven parts into one curtain. The Word of God is purposed to unite (transform) Jew and Gentile into one body as heirs of God to the Abrahamic Covenant promise that is in Christ Jesus. This curtain, as well as the curtain of linen beneath, represents the unification of Jew and Gentile into one body - the body of Christ. Ephesians 3:6 (NIV) - This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus.
Verse 8 (Con't) - "The length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits"- The width of the tabernacle is ten cubits. The height is ten cubits. The length of the curtain is thirty cubits which is sufficient to cover the top and both sides of the tabernacle down to ground level.
Verse 8 (Con't) - "The breadth of one curtain four cubits"- The width of one of the eleven curtains is four cubits. Since there are eleven curtains. Attaching them together equals a total curtain length that is forty four cubits. The length of the tabernacle is thirty cubits long and ten cubits in height. To cover the tabernacle's top and rear wall would require only forty cubits of curtain. The extra four cubits is used as follows - The first curtain at the front of the tabernacle structure is double folded around the entrance to the tabernacle, so only two cubits of the tabernacle structural length is covered by the first curtain. There remains at the rear of the rear of the tabernacle two cubits of curtain that extends beyond what is needed to cover the tabernacle down to ground level. This is a remnant, intentionally a part of the tabernacle's design.
Verse 12 con't - And the remnant that remaineth of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that remaineth, shall hang over the backside of the tabernacle.
"Remnant" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5629 cerach (seh'-rakh); from #5628; a redundancy:
Use in KJV-- remnant.
#5628 carach (saw-rakh'); a primitive root; to extend (even to excess).
Use in KJV-- exceeding, hand, spread, stretch self, banish.
I believe the remnant of the goat hair curtain extending two cubits beyond the edges of the badgers' skins and rams' skins coverings foreshadow multitudes of carnal minded men upon the earth at the end of the millennium period. The Hebrew root word carach means they are banished (cut off) from the covenant covering of God. The Hebrew word for remnant is cerach which means redundancy or this has happen previously. When was there a previous remnant like this one? God had a specific reason for requiring this excessive portion of the goat's hair curtain to extend beyond the covering of the covenants (Abrahamic and New Blood). Figuratively, it has to do with men who are living beyond agenda time for the covenants. At which time satan is released from his prison so he can deceive the nations of the earth and gather them for battle against God's people once more (as he did at the end of the agenda time for the gospel and just before the Battle of Armageddon at the end of the great tribulation).
When these nations are gathered for battle against the camp of God's people. They are as numerous as sand on the seashore - Revelation 20:7-9 (NIV) - When the thousand years are over, Satan will be released from his prison (8) and will go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth - Gog and Magog - to gather them for battle. In number they are like the sand on the seashore. (9) They marched across the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of God's people, the city he loves. But fire came down from heaven and devoured them. The power of satan to deceive the nations extends beyond the time of the covenants. This multitude of stout minded carnal men will be destroyed by fire from heaven.
Man, during the millennium, will still be a free-willed human creation of God. There will never be a time when the will of a Christian man does not function freely, because his freewill expressions of love to God through worship makes love real. However, his freewill makes him vulnerable to choosing the deceptive temptations of satan to be self-centered and self-serving.
There is another remnant which extends beyond the time God has established for the ministry of the gospel. Although this is a remnant under the covenant coverings, it was still a remnant extending beyond the time for the closing of the gospel in Revelation 10:7 (KJV) - But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.
The gospel will have be closed at the time the seventh angel begins to sound his trumpet. The first six trumpets are events occurring under the rule of the anti-christ during the last half of the great tribulation.
Daniel 12:11-12 (NIV) - "From the time that the daily sacrifice is abolished and the abomination that causes desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days. (12) Blessed is the one who waits for and reaches the end of the 1,335 days.
The last three and one-half years (1290 days) of the great tribulation period is a time of wrath against the Jews under the rule of the anti-christ. The next 45 days is the period of time set for wrath against the Gentile nations outside of Israel, a period of wrath that is fulfilled in the seven bowls of wrath. Blessed is the Jew who waits for and reaches the end of the next 45 days of wrath. This is a remnant of Israel seen in - Isaiah 10:20-21(NIV) - In that day the remnant of Israel, the survivors of the house of Jacob, will no longer rely on him who struck them down but will truly rely on the LORD, the Holy One of Israel. (21) A remnant will return, a remnant of Jacob will return to the Mighty God.
"That day" - Refers to the day of salvation for Israel - the Great Tribulation.
"Him who struck them down" - Refers to the rule and authority of the anti-christ in the last half of the end time tribulation.
"Remnant of Jacob will return"; "Rely on the LORD" - This is fulfilled in Revelation 12:13-17 (NIV) - When the dragon saw that he had been hurled to the earth, he pursued the woman (remnant of Israel) who had given birth to the male child. (14) The woman was given the two wings of a great eagle, so that she might fly to the place prepared for her in the desert, where she would be taken care of for a time, times and half a time, out of the serpent's reach. (15) Then from his mouth the serpent spewed water like a river, to overtake the woman and sweep her away with the torrent. (16) But the earth helped the woman by opening its mouth and swallowing the river that the dragon had spewed out of his mouth. (17) Then the dragon was enraged at the woman and went off to make war against the rest of her offspring-- those who obey God's commandments and hold to the testimony of Jesus.
This remnant has been estranged from God, but will return to God. I personally believe this will be the Tribe of Dan - Genesis 49:16-18 (KJV) - Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. (17) Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward. (18) I have waited for thy salvation, O LORD.
"I have waited for thy salvation" - This prophetic statement sets Dan apart from the rest of the tribes. Dan is chosen to be the tribe that will wait on the earth for the arrival of Christ with all the saints for the Battle of Armageddon. Although Dan was a tribe that was "a serpent by the way", as Dan set up a graven image causing Israel to fall backward. Dan will be saved, but will have to wait longer than the other tribes. Judges 18:29-31 (KJV) - And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan their father, who was born unto Israel: howbeit the name of the city was Laish at the first. (30) And the children of Dan set up the graven image: and Jonathan, the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh, he and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land. (31) And they set them up Micah's graven image, which he made, all the time that the house of God was in Shiloh.
Although Dan was spiritually the worst of the tribes, I believe Dan is chosen to be the remnant on the earth and will be the remnant that will return to the Mighty God - Isaiah 10:21. I believe the only way Dan can make it through the time of God's wrath upon the earth is under the grace of Christ, as Christ divinely protects this tribe. Dan will experience first hand the mercy and grace of Christ.
Revelation 12:13-14 (NIV) - When the dragon saw that he had been hurled to the earth, he pursued the woman who had given birth to the male child. (14) The woman was given the two wings of a great eagle, so that she might fly to the place prepared for her in the desert, where she would be taken care of for a time, times and half a time, out of the serpent's reach. There is a remnant of Jews that are divinely protected by Christ throughout the last half of the great tribulation. I believe this is why Dan is not included as a tribe on the list of tribes from which the 144,000 are chosen. Dan will receive salvation waiting on Christ to arrive on earth throughout the tribulation period.
The remnant's stay on the earth extends excessively (carach) beyond the time for the salvation of the Jews. At which time, the agenda time for the ministry (mystery) of the gospel comes to an end. Then the seventh trumpet is sounded, inaugurating the events of the seven bowls / vials. The salvation of this remnant extends 45 days beyond the time for the gospel.
Note: When we study the pattern of the tabernacle using figurative and implied meaning of Hebrew words and root words, the agenda of God is revealed, as other scriptures and precepts are brought into the forming of the picture. There's nothing new to believe, but a very meaningful way of seeing truth is revealed and God is magnified as the true Author of the Bible.
Note: For an in depth study of God's agenda for the end times see FOR THE EYES OF YOUR UNDERSTANDING - VOLUME V - Revelation - God's Agenda for the End Times.
Exodus 26:1-2 (KJV) - Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make them. (2) The length of one curtain shall be eight and twenty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: and every one of the curtains shall have one measure.
Verse 1 (Con't) - "Fine twined linen" - This phrase has the same implied meaning of faith as the linen curtain used in the courtyard fence. It represents the righteousness of God that is by faith. Faith that is developed through trusting God through the trials, troubles and persecutions one encounters in this world. Trusting Him for deliverance and salvation.
"Twined" - (Strong's Hebrew) - #7806 shazar (shaw-zar'); a primitive root; to twist
"Linen" - (Strong's Hebrew) - #8336 shesh (shaysh); bleached stuff, i.e. white linen or (by analogy) marble.
Man's life is stressed (twisted) by the trials of faith in his life. Faith in God results in a transforming work under the power of the Holy Spirit through those trials.
Cotton in its natural form is not useful for making garments. When spun and twisted into the shape of a thread, it is useful. Linen is made white by a bleaching process, representing the purity of refinement.
It is as though God draws out our old nature through our faith in His spoken word, He makes something good and useful for His pleasure. Another analogy is to see God working as a silversmith, refining his silver with fire (same analogy as twisting the cotton) .
Verse 1 (Con't) - Blue, purple and scarlet - These colors represent the colors of royalty and foreshadow the creation of the royal priesthood of believers under the New Blood Covenant.
1 Peter 2:9 (KJV) - But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.
"Generation" - (Strong's - Greek) #1085 genos (ghen'-os); from #1096; "kin"
Use in KJV-- born, country (-man), diversity, generation, kind (-red), nation, offspring, stock.
#1096 ginomai (ghin'-om-ahee); a prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be ("gen"- erate), i.e. (reflexively) to become (come into being).
"Genos" is a Greek word which means to be born as kindred. God caused this generation of believers to become royalty in the office of priest. Genos also implies that God is producing after His own kind through Christ Jesus.
The generation Jesus spoke of in Matthew 24:32-35 was His offspring of faithful believers. Matthew 24:32-35 (NIV) - "Now learn this lesson from the fig tree: As soon as its twigs get tender and its leaves come out, you know that summer is near. (33) Even so, when you see all these things, you know that it is near, right at the door. (34) I tell you the truth, this generation will certainly not pass away until all these things have happened. (35) Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away. Christ refers to this generation as the generation of faith - those who live and walk by faith in things unseen.
Note: See FOR THE EYES OF YOUR UNDERSTANDING - VOLUME I - The Beginning a Foreshadow of the Christian's Birth for an in-depth study of God's intention to produce after his own kind.
Verse 1 (Con't) - "Cherubim of cunning work" - The work of God in the sanctification process is under the covering of His angelic ministers, overseeing the work of sanctification and building of faith. Angels are ministering spirits to the heirs of salvation, who uphold the Word of God in their troubled times - Mark 16:17-20 (NIV) - And these signs will accompany those who believe: In my name they will drive out demons; they will speak in new tongues; (18) they will pick up snakes with their hands; and when they drink deadly poison, it will not hurt them at all; they will place their hands on sick people, and they will get well." (19) After the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, he was taken up into heaven and he sat at the right hand of God. (20) Then the disciples went out and preached everywhere, and the Lord worked with them and confirmed his word by the signs that accompanied it.
Both the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place are overseen by angels. The Holy Place is the sanctuary of the Tabernacle. Within the sanctuary are the furnishings that represent three main facets of the sanctification process -
1.) The candlestick - The churches' ministry of the gospel under the power of the Holy Spirit.
2.) The table of the shew bread - God's provision during the transformation process.
3.) The altar of incense - Continual prayer and communion with Christ during the transformation process.
All the redemptive work, represented by these instruments, is overseen by angels. Christians need to understand the ministry of angels during the troubled times associated with their spiritual growth.
The linen curtain and the vail in the Tabernacle is God's way of showing his people the presence of angels in ministering his Word in our lives. When the Christian is obedient to the Word of God and wholeheartedly follows Christ, then angels are in ministry on his behalf. It is a spiritual dynamic of God's work.
Scriptures revealing the ministry of angels -
1) The end time harvesting is performed by angels - Matthew 13:39-41 (NIV) - The enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels. (40) "As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age. (41) The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil.
2) All Christians are covered by ministering angels during the redemptive process - Matthew 18:10-11 (KJV) - Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven. (11) For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost.
3) Angels are sent as ministering spirits to serve the Christian - Hebrews 1:14 (NIV) - Are not all angels ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation?
4) Jesus was strengthen by an angel during his suffering in the Garden of Gethsemane - Luke 22:42-43 (KJV) - Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done. (43) And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him.
5) Angels ministered to Jesus after satan's temptations in the desert - Matthew 4:11 (KJV) - Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him.
6) The churches have angels overseeing their work in the ministry of God's grace and love through the Word - Revelation 1:20 (KJV) - The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.
It is apparent by scripture that God uses angels to carry out His agenda for the redemption of mankind. The angelic part of God's agenda is represented by the cherubim woven into the first linen covering.
"Cunning work" - These words speak of a plan devised by God. A plan for the redemption of mankind through the work of angels.
"Cunning" - (Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words) - chashab (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #2803, "to think, account, reckon, devise, plan." This word is found throughout the historical development of Hebrew and Aramaic. Found at least 120 times in the Hebrew Bible.
Exodus 26:1-2 Con't - "Curtains shall have one measure" - The curtain was made in two sections of five curtains each. Joined together using gold clasps (taches) which represents angels overseeing the unification of Jew and Gentile together into one body through faith in Christ, as Messiah. Remember that this has always been the intention of God since he cut the covenant with Abraham and promised to bless all peoples on earth through him.
Revelation 3:18 (NIV) - I counsel you to buy from me gold refined in the fire (faith), so you can become rich; and white clothes (linen/righteousness) to wear, so you can cover your shameful nakedness; and salve to put on your eyes, so you can see.
The Linen Curtain con't -
Exodus 26:5-6 (KJV) - Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one curtain, and fifty loops shalt thou make in the edge of the curtain that is in the coupling of the second; that the loops may take hold one of another. (6) And thou shalt make fifty taches of gold, and couple the curtains together with the taches: and it shall be one tabernacle.
When the curtains are all attached to each other they become one tabernacle. But, there is still one remaining unattached edge at the farthest extremity (at the closed end of the tabernacle) -
Edge - (Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words) First usage, qatseh #7097, "end; border; extremity." The noun qatseh appears 92 times and in all periods of biblical Hebrew. In (Genesis. 23:9), qatseh means "end" in the sense of "extremity": "That he may give me the cave of Machpelah, which he hath, which is in the end of his field...." The word means "[nearest] edge or border" in (Exodus 13:20): "And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in the Etham, in the edge of the wilderness." At other points, the word clearly indicates the "farthest extremity":
(Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words) - Second usage, qatseh can signify a "temporal end," such as the "end of a period of time"; that is the use in (Genesis 8:3), the first biblical occurrence of the word: "...after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated."
Edge - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #7097 qatseh (kaw-tseh'); from #7096: an extremity.
#7096 qatsah (kaw-tsaw'); a primitive root; to cut off; (figuratively) to destroy.
"Qatseh" is derived from the root word "qatsah" which means to cut off and figuratively to destroy. As previously discussed in the measurements of the Holy Place and Most Holy Place. The two thousand cubits in the Holy Place represents the time of ministry of the gospel to Jew and Gentile which ends just prior to the time period allocated for the wrath of God against unrighteousness (bowls / vials of wrath). The 1,000 cubits in the Most Holy Place represents time of glorification of the saints which ends just prior to the time of satan's release from prison to go out and deceive the nations for the last time. Qatseh means the time allocated for the ministry of the gospel and the time of the millennium will come to an end (cut off) and the wrath of God will be poured out upon sinful mankind at the end (edges) of these two periods of time - Revelation 20:3 & 20:8. Earthly carnal natured man will be cut off and destroyed. The righteous children of God will remain with Christ. The time of unrighteousness will be cut off. The time for satan will be cut off. The time of wrath and destruction will be cut off.
There are three entrance curtains in the tabernacle structure. Entrances are open doors through which man passes when he seeks to come to God through Christ.
1. The entrance to the courtyard - This entrance is for Jews only, as they are given the Law which calls for the sacrifice of animals for the blood atonement of sin. When a Jew brings his sacrificial animal to offer to God, he is met by a Levitical Priest at the courtyard entrance. He places his hand on the head of the animal, as to identify with the animal as his substitute, and the priest slits the throat of the animal and burns it on the brazen altar as a sin offering to God.
2. The entrance to the Holy Place - Prior to Jesus' death on the cross, only the sons of Aaron, the chief priest of the Levitical priesthood could enter through this entrance to represent the Israelites.
After Jesus gave up the Holy Spirit on the cross, this entrance is for all who come to God by the sacrificial blood of Jesus, the Son of God. This entrance is open to all Jews and Gentiles who believe in Jesus as the true and final sacrificial blood offering, the one sent by God to save the world from sin. Once in the Holy Place, it is a time of sanctification and consecration.
3. The entrance to the Most Holy Place - Only Aaron the chief priest could enter this room once annually.
When Christ was resurrected and sat on His throne in heaven, He became the High Priest of the New Blood covenant. Then this entrance was open to all who enter into the Holy Place under the blood covering of Christ. Spiritual access to the Most Holy Place, the throne room of God, is made possible by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. This entrance is referred to as the vail, which was torn in two by God when Jesus died on the cross and the Holy Spirit entered into the Holy Place - God and man unite to work through the transformation process.
Exodus 26:36 (KJV) - And thou shalt make an hanging for the door of the tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework.
#5526 cakak (saw-kak'); a primitive root; properly, to entwine as a screen; by implication, to fence in, cover over, (figuratively) protect.
The entrance to the Tabernacle Tent is a hanging which contains the colors of royalty, but there were no angels. Why? Because angels do not prohibit access to salvation. God has established the way to eternal life under the New Blood Covenant as a gift of God by grace. "Whosoever will" may enter and become the man God created him to be. This is the true message of grace and love from God.
Matthew 10:32 (KJV) - Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven.
John 3:15-16 (KJV) - That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. (16) For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
Revelation 22:17 (KJV) - And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.
God set the brass sockets at the entrance pillars to reveal the fact that carnal man may enter beneath the covering of the blood of the Messiah to receive the gift of eternal life. His fare is to confess Christ as his Savior and as Lord of his life. There are no cherubim woven into this hanging, as in the vail between the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place, because God's grace does not place an angelic barrier against anyone who seeks to know Him through faith in Christ. The angels guard access to Most Holy Place until the day that Christ died on the cross and the vail was torn in two by God, opening the way into the throne room.
Whoever desires may pass through the entrance curtain and come under the blood covering of Jesus. The grace of God through the blood covering of Jesus paid the sin debt of every person on the earth who believes. The way to eternal life is open to all who believe Christ is the Son of God and their sin debt is marked paid - Matthew 26:27 (NIV) - This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. All who come under the blood covering are reckoned to God. When God told Abraham that all his descendants would be reckoned through Isaac, He was thinking of the day His Son would be the reckoning covenant sacrifice. Genesis 21:12 (NIV) - But God said to him, "Do not be so distressed about the boy and your maidservant. Listen to whatever Sarah tells you, because it is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.
Note: Even though Ishmael was never offered as a sacrifice to God by Abraham, his descendants can be reckoned to God through Christ - God's covenant sacrifice. Ishmael's descendants can come under the covenant blood covering of Christ by accepting Christ as his personal Savior and Lord. Islam is outside God's covenant of redemption. Islamic religion cannot reckon Ishmael's descendants to God.
Acts 2:21(KJV) - And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Romans 10:9-10 (KJV) - That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. (10) For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
The absence of angels in the entrance curtain of the tent represents the gift of salvation by the grace of God - Ephesians 2:8 (KJV) - For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God.
Exodus 26:36 (Con't) - "Door" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) - #6607 pethach (peh'-thakh); from #6605; an opening (literally), i.e. door (gate) or entrance way.
(Brown-Driver-Brigg's - Hebrew) #6605 pathach - to open, to be let loose, to be thrown open, to free, to loosen, to open, to open oneself, to loose oneself, to engrave.
The root word pathach paints the basic meaning to the word "door". Pathach represents the new believer as he enters through the entrance curtain. He comes into the tent with an attitude of openness and transparency. He seeks to be a child of God, to be free from past sins. When he makes a confession of his sins and asks for forgiveness, God forgives him and cast his sins into a sea of forgetfulness. The believer accepts the Lordship of Christ as he trusts in Christ for all things. He loosens or opens himself trustfully into the hands of God. The Word of God is engraved upon his mind and heart as he wholeheartedly takes up his cross and follows the Lord.
Revelation 3:20 (KJV) - Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.
In the above scripture as Christ is speaking to the Church of Laodicea he stands at the door and knocks. This scripture states the requirement of man is to open the door because the Laodicean man has a will and is in need of repentance. If this man chooses to repent and open the door, Christ will accept him. "Pathach" (to open oneself) speaks of man being the one who symbolically opens the door or entrance curtain. Man opens the curtain by his humbleness and will to give himself to Christ.
Entrance into the tent speaks of man opening himself to God by faith in Jesus's death and resurrection.
As previously mentioned, the vail separated man from the throne room of God until it was torn in two by God - Exodus 26:33 (KJV) - And thou shalt hang up the vail under the taches, that thou mayest bring in thither within the vail the ark of the testimony: and the vail shall divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy.
The two edges of the two linen curtain sections fit together exactly where the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place come together. The vail that separates the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place is hung directly from the clasps that join the two sections of the above positioned linen curtain which covers the Holy Place and Most Holy Place.
"Hang up the vail under the taches" - There's an important relationship between the two linen curtains and the vail, because they are joined at the same adjunct across the top of the tent.
#7164 arac (kaw-ras'); a primitive root; properly, to protrude; used only as denominative from #7165 (for alliteration with #7167), to hunch, i.e. be hump-backed:
Use in KJV - stoop.
#7167 qara` (kaw-rah'); a primitive root; to rend, literally or figuratively (revile, paint the eyes, as if enlarging them).
Use in KJV - cut out, rend, X surely, tear
The word taches literally means a knob or belaying-pin that protrudes for the purpose of tying or anchoring an object in a secure position, i.e., tying a boat to a belaying-pin on a dock. Taches is derived by combining two other root words, arac and qara'. Arac means to protrude (extend forth from a previous position); to hunch as in bowing; bent over as a hump-back; to stoop to a lower position. Combining the meaning of arac with qara' which means to rend (tear) gives an image of Christ at the cross. Combining the meaning of the two words means to stoop while something is being rend or torn.
I believe this is figuratively pointing to the time of Jesus' crucifixion because the vail was torn (rend) front top to bottom when He gave up His life on the cross opening the way into the throne room of God.
Arac - Jesus stooped (humbled) when He became obedient unto death - Philippians 2:8 (KJV) - And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
Qara' - When Jesus died and shed His blood for the sins of man, the vail was torn in two - Matthew 27:50-51 (KJV) - Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. (51) And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent.
Together, Jesus' submission to death on the cross and the tearing of the vail in the temple establish a secure anchoring by God for the Christian while on the earth . As Jesus humbled Himself to become the atonement for the man's sins, likewise, man must humble himself to Christ as Lord and Savior. Jesus is the tache to which Christians bind their souls and hearts by faith. The vail is torn in two and Christians enter into the presence of Christ in the throne room of God (Most Holy Place).
So, the joining of the linen curtains and the hanging of the vail from a common set of taches reveals a common alliteration of time and purpose.
Symbolically, linen represents the righteousness standing of the Israelites. Prior to Christ's death on the cross, the Jews' righteousness was their obedience to the Law given through Moses, as stated in Deuteronomy 6:25 (KJV) - And it shall be our righteousness, if we observe to do all these commandments before the LORD our God, as he hath commanded us. But, this was not an everlasting righteousness because everlasting righteousness is given by the grace of God through faith in Christ Jesus as the Sacrificial Lamb of God for the remittance of sin of the Jews. So, righteousness from obedience to the Law was one kind of glory and righteousness that is the free gift of God through Jesus' blood is a higher glory. Obeying the law is a step in the right direction, but is not the means to the end. Love fulfills the law and is a higher relational position with God. The Jew failed to bind himself to Jesus as God's sacrifice for the atonement of his sin. So, he is not yet anchored to God's tache.
When the Jew or Gentile bows to Christ Jesus as Lord it's the only acceptable form of sacrifice that pleases God. King David, a heart that sought after God, so stated this in - Psalms 51:16-17 (NIV) - You do not delight in sacrifice, or I would bring it; you do not take pleasure in burnt offerings. (17) The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit;a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.
So, the alliteration between the vail and and the linen curtain is a higher righteousness than the Law provided. Eternal righteousness is through humble reverence of Christ Jesus as Lord and Savior.
Exodus 26:33 Con't. - "Vail" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #6532 poreketh (po-reh'-keth); feminine active participle of the same as #6531; a separatrix, i.e. (the sacred) screen.
#6531 perek (peh'-rek); from an unused root meaning to break apart; fracture, i.e. severity.
"Poreketh" describes a sacred screen to divide between the Levitical Priesthood and the Most Holy Place. This separation could only be breeched once annually by the chief priest Aaron after ceremonial cleansing. Poreketh is taken from a root word "perek" which means to break apart with severity. To enter into the Most Holy Place was a matter not to be taken lightly. Literally, the hem of Aaron's robe was adorned with golden bells. The sound of these bells would let the other priest in the Holy Place know that Aaron was still alive while in the Most Holy Place ministering before God, lest he be struck dead. God will not allow anything impure (not covered by the Lamb's blood of atonement) to pass through the sacred screen.
Exodus 28:34-35 (KJV) - A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe round about. (35) And it shall be upon Aaron to minister: and his sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto the holy place before the LORD, and when he cometh out, that he die not.
If anything was found to be unholy or in violation of God's instruction on holiness, then Aaron would die in that moment. God has always made a severe distinction between that which is holy and that which is common to man.
Leviticus 10:9-10 (NIV) - "You and your sons are not to drink wine or other fermented drink whenever you go into the Tent of Meeting, or you will die. This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. (10) You must distinguish between the holy and the common, between the clean and the unclean.
Distinguishing between the holy and the common is for us today, because it was a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. Distinguishing between the holy and the common is the foundational work of Christ in the Holy Place (sanctuary).
The vail has angels woven into it in the same manner as the linen curtain. The separation between the Most Holy Place and the Holy Place is performed by angels. Angels are guarding the way to the Most Holy Place. This has always been the way, as seen metaphorically in Genesis 3:23-24 (KJV) - Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. (24) So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
However, the Way back to God was opened by Christ when Christ died on the cross and the vail was torn in two. The parted vail reveals the power of the blood of Christ, as it forgives sin and opens the door to the throne room of God where Christ is seated as High Priest of the New Blood Covenant. The believer approaches God by the name of Christ Jesus under the anointed power of the Holy Spirit. In return, Christ ministers to believers under the Blood by the power of the Holy Spirit. This is a marvelous and awesome thing to understand and accept for a full persuasion of faith. The believer is factually an adopted son of God, co-heir with Christ to the posterity of the kingdom of God. Bless the name of Christ Jesus our Lord for opening the vail!!! This meant that through the covering of Christ's sacrificial blood, God would reach across the chasm and approach man through the Blood and the Holy Spirit without the intercession of the Levitical Priesthood. Christ becomes their High Priest and Intercessor seated on the throne of God.
Also, removing the vail means that after the end time resurrection of the dead in Christ and the end time harvests, the Christian will stand in the Most Holy Place in the presence of Christ and see him as he is. John 3:2 (KJV) - Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
The Ark of the Testimony
Exodus 37:1-9 (KJV) - And Bezaleel made the ark of shittim wood: two cubits and a half was the length of it, and a cubit and a half the breadth of it, and a cubit and a half the height of it: (2) And he overlaid it with pure gold within and without, and made a crown of gold to it round about. (3) And he cast for it four rings of gold, to be set by the four corners of it; even two rings upon the one side of it, and two rings upon the other side of it. (4) And he made staves of shittim wood, and overlaid them with gold. (5) And he put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, to bear the ark. (6) And he made the mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half was the length thereof, and one cubit and a half the breadth thereof. (7) And he made two cherubim of gold, beaten out of one piece made he them, on the two ends of the mercy seat; (8) One cherub on the end on this side, and another cherub on the other end on that side: out of the mercy seat made he the cherubim on the two ends thereof. (9) And the cherubim spread out their wings on high, and covered with their wings over the mercy seat, with their faces one to another; even to the mercy seatward were the faces of the cherubim.
Verse 1 (Con't) - "Ark " (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #717 'arah (aw-raw'); a primitive root; to pluck.
Use in KJV-- gather, pluck.
Arah has an unusual meaning for a box that is design to carry the testimony of God. It appears the Hebrew language defines the ark in terms of God's work of gathering and plucking, as is the intent of all other things in the Tabernacle.
Jesus was the Word (testimony of God because He only spoke what God told Him to speak) and through Him (Word of God) the Christian develops his faith in Jesus as the Sacrificial Lamb of God. So, Jesus was God's Ark in the earth carrying the testimony of God. When Christians have faith in the Word, they become God's arks in the earth and are commissioned to take the Word into all the earth. Through their witness to others and when the end-time comes Christ will gather the nations and pluck the saints from the earth, harvesting as a result of the saints seeding the Word of God (doing the work of Christ) in the world.
Exodus 25:21-22 (KJV) - And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee. (22) And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.
The testimony in the ark and God communing with Israelites from above the mercy seat is a picture of Christ communing with the Christian through the Word of God by the power of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit enters though the open heart who believes in Christ and the Word of God.
Verse 1 (Con't) - "Testimony" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5715 `eduwth (ay-dooth'); feminine of #5707; testimony.
Use in KJV-- testimony, witness.
#5707 `ed (ayd); contracted from #5749 concretely, a witness; abstractly, testimony; specifically, a recorder, i.e. prince.
#5749 `uwd (ood); a primitive root; to duplicate or repeat; by implication, to protest, testify (as by reiteration); intensively, to encompass, restore (as a sort of reduplication).
Use in KJV-- admonish, charge, earnestly, lift up, protest, call (take) to record, relieve, rob, solemnly, stand upright, testify, give warning, (bear, call to, give, take to) witness.
'Ed - The testimony of God as contained in the ark is a foreshadow of Christ, the Prince ('ed). Christ's testimony was directly duplicated ('uwd) from what God told him to speak. His testimony admonished ('uwd) and lifted up ('uwd) those who believe and gave warning ("uwd) of the judgment of God for those who do not believe. The testimony of God is again duplicated in the hearts of Christians, who are commissioned to take His testimony into all the world and give warning of the pending judgment of God against those who refuse His testimony.
Isaiah 9:6 (KJV) - For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
John 1:1-2 (KJV) - In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God (2) The same was in the beginning with God.
John 1:14 (KJV) - And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
John 12:50 (NIV) - I know that his command leads to eternal life. So whatever I say is just what the Father has told me to say.
John 12:48 (NIV) - There is a judge for the one who rejects me and does not accept my words; that very word which I spoke will condemn him at the last day.
Romans 1:16 (KJV) - For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
Jesus is the ark of God because he brought the testimony of God to Israel. Christ did not come to do away with the Mosaic Law, but rather to fulfill it. Matthew 5:17-18 (KJV) - Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. (18) For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
When Christians bear the Word of God in their hearts and minds and the Word is experientially etched upon their souls, they are the arks of Christ in the earth.
2 Corinthians 3:2-3 (NIV) - You show that you are a letter from Christ, the result of our ministry, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts.
It is apparent the Word (Christ) is seated in heaven at the right hand of God and the Word is written on the hearts of the church in the earthly realm and we are united together into one body. Christ is the head of the body and each Christian is a viable part of the body. All who are in the body are united together, spreading the gospel to the four corners of the earth. This unity is possible because the vail of separation was torn in two at Calvary.
Verse 6 (Con't) - "Mercy seat" - (Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words) - kapporet (Hebrew #3727), "mercy seat; throne of mercy." This noun form of kapar has various interpretations by English versions of scriptures, such as "mercy seat"; "cover"; "lid"; "throne of mercy"; and "throne". It refers to a slab of gold that rested on top of the ark of the covenant. Images of two cherubim are bowed on this slab facing each other. This slab of gold represented the throne of God and symbolized His real presence in the worship shrine. On the Day of Atonement, the high priest sprinkled the blood of the sin offering on it, apparently symbolizing the blood's acceptance by God on behalf of the Israelites. Thus the kapporet was the central point at which Israel, through its high priest, could come into the presence of God.
The mercy seat symbolically represents the grace of God visited upon mankind when Christ died on the cross. The vail was torn in two and at that time the dispensation of grace began because God delayed His wrath against sin. Under the blood of Christ man receives mercy, not wrath. God has established a time of wrath at the end of the seven year tribulation.
Romans 5:9 (NIV) - Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God's wrath through him!
Romans 2:5 (NIV) - But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of God's wrath, when his righteous judgment will be revealed.
The blood of Christ saves the Christian from God's wrath because his sins are forgiven and God has accepted him as His child. He is no longer under wrath, as are the pagans. John 3:36 (NIV) - Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life, but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for God's wrath remains on him."
Verse 9 (Con't) - "To the mercy seatward were the faces of the cherubims" - The faces of the cherubim were always looking down upon the mercy seat of God. Cherubim are in submission to God and obediently oversee the ministry of God's mercy to those who are in transformation, the heirs of salvation. Cherubim are ministering spirits sent to minister to the heirs of salvation - Hebrews 1:14 (NIV) - Are not all angels ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation?
God is enthroned between the cherubim on the mercy seat via the pillar of fire (Holy Spirit). When cherubim see the believer's faith in the Word of God empowered by the Holy Spirit, they respond. The ministry of the cherubim to the heirs of salvation is activated by the Christian's faith in God's Word.
The presence of the Ark of the Covenant in the Most Holy Place metaphorically represents the presence of Christ under the New Blood Covenant. When Christ was crucified on the cross, the ark is no longer required because the Holy Spirit was poured out upon all who become Christians. The Holy Spirit no longer requires a Most Holy Place for His residence in the earth. God's mercy is omnipresent in the earth. The ark is no longer needed -
Jereimah 3:16 (KJV) - And it shall come to pass, when ye be multiplied and increased in the land, in those days, saith the LORD, they shall say no more, The ark of the covenant of the LORD: neither shall it come to mind: neither shall they remember it; neither shall they visit it; neither shall that be done any more.
Note: The ark is located in the center of the Most Holy Place which is square shaped. The Most Holy Place is in the center of the west end of the courtyard which is also a square. Remember, previously it was noted that the meaning of a square is "The Lord is there" - Ezekiel 48:35 (KJV). When the vail was rent in two when Jesus died on the cross and the Way was spiritually open for Christians to enter into the Most Holy Place without the representation of an earthly priest. Spiritually speaking, the Christian stands in the presence of the throne of Christ. "The Lord is there" and the Christian is there by faith under the power of the Holy Spirit. So, Christians no longer need the ark because the Holy Spirit is omnipresent.
God established the Abrahamic Covenant with Israel. Having lived under Egyptian slavery for four hundred years, Moses brought Israel out of Egypt into the desert so God's people under the covenant could worship him as God and Lord. Worship was established by God through the Tabernacle in the wilderness. This was a place where Israel would come and make sacrifices for the atonement of sin. The Tabernacle was designed with a pattern that reflects God's agenda for Israel, the story and agenda of redemption. As Israel came to the entrance of the courtyard of the Tabernacle, he would lay his hand on the head of the animal that was to be sacrificed for his sins. In this way he would identify with this animal. Symbolically, this animal would take his place and die for the sins of the Israelite and his family. The wages of sin is death, but death would pass over the one who sins were atoned for by the shedding of this blood. The blood of animals was shed on the east half of the courtyard only. On the west half of the courtyard, another blood was shed for the sins of mankind once and for all. This blood is symbolically represented by the covering of the "rams' skins dyed red" which foreshadows the covenant blood of Christ.
The east half of the courtyard represents the Mosaic Law phase of the Abrahamic Covenant and the west half represents the New Blood Covenant phase of the Abrahamic Covenant. In other words, the east half of the courtyard represents the Old Testament and the west half represents the New Testament. The east half is phase one of the Abrahamic covenant and the west half is phase two.
When the Jews rejected the testimony of Christ, they stumbled and failed to enter in under the covering of the "rams' skins dyed red" to continue their redemption. To understand their rejection, one must first remember that the law provided for the atonement of their sins with the sacrifice of animals. They failed to see animal sacrifice as a substitution principle put into practice until God would sacrifice His only Son to pay the sin debt. The Israelites failed to see animal sacrifice as a substitution or temporary law. The substitutive sacrifice was first revealed when Abraham sacrificed Isaac and the ram was provided by God as a sacrificial offering to Him. Understanding Isaac was promised by God, Abraham offered to sacrifice Isaac and give him back to God. Then God, as Abraham's covenant partner, would also offer His only Son to complete the covenant. Thus, when Christ died on Calvary the covenant became a finished work by God. But, the Jews failed to see Jesus was Christ, who said He was the Son of God, as being the one and only blood sacrifice that would remit sins once and for all. Not a substitute sacrifice, but the final sacrifice. Instead, they called him a blasphemer.
It was God's blood that was on the cross. God, himself, died on Calvary. In like manner, When God saw Abraham willing to sacrifice his son Isaac, God saw Abraham give himself wholeheartedly. The power of the blood is the power of God to forgive sins for those who are willing to give themselves to God and be set free from the bondage of sin.
The Jews are still operating with a faith that is centered on the east half of the courtyard. In the future when Christ sends the New Testament gospel to Israel under the administration of the 144,000 in order to save the Jew, it will be done in a time when the temple (tabernacle) has been rebuilt and the sacrifice of animals has been reinstated. Its as though God is turing back the pages of the Bible to the days when the Jews rejected Messiah. Then the Jews will accept Christ and move under the "rams' skins dyed red" covering, because they will realize Jesus is Messiah and He willingly died for the forgiveness of their sins.
Brass represents the carnal / sense nature of man. Silver represents the refinement process of sanctification. Gold represents glorification of man.
The covering of badger's skins represents the Abrahamic Covenant. Out of the Abrahamic Covenant the New Blood covenant covering (rams' skins dyed red) is structured. Under this covering Christ forgives sins and sets free those in bondage to sin. The carnal / sin nature of man (curtain of goat's hair) is broken and the stronghold's of sin abolished, transforming the spiritual nature of the believer. The Christian's new nature (curtain of fine twined linen) is one of righteousness by faith in Christ and the promises of God are ministered into his life by angels and the Holy Spirit, confirming God's Word with signs and wonders. The work of sanctification (Holy Place) builds faith, confirming the Word, and consecrates the heart to Christ.
The redemption process began when Jesus was crucified and progressively advances through the Messiah's second advent (end time) and through the millennium period.
The path of redemption for Israel is through the east entrance to the courtyard, then through the entrance to the Tabernacle Tent and then through the Vail. The entrance into the Tabernacle Tent is open to all by the grace of God. Entrance through the vail is only for those who by faith spiritually tabernacle with Christ in the sanctuary under the covering of the blood of Christ. Physically passing through the vail occurs through the harvest raptures and the resurrection of the dead in Christ, as the body is changed in a flash - 1 Corinthians 15:50-52 (NIV) - Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed - (52) in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.
Afterward, those under the "rams' skin dyed red" will live with Christ for a thousand years. At the end of this time God will return to the earth with the New Jerusalem and recreate the heavens and earth to establish an environment of paradise suitable for eternal life. Amen!
THE HOLY PLACE - THE SANCTUARY
The articles furnishing the Holy Place reveal a deeper insight into the workings of God during the believer's transformation process.
Metaphorically, the sanctuary represents the time period between the ascension of Jesus and His second advent. This is a time for spiritual growth (salvation and sanctification) of the church. During this time Christ works with Christians through His testimony and the Holy Spirit to transform the Christian through the building of faith in His Word. Christ establishes a relationship with His followers through faith and signs and wonders confirming His Word. This time period is under the linen curtain (Christians' righteousness by faith) with angels overseeing each Christian during his time of sanctification and growth.
The furnishings in the Holy Place symbolically represent the vital processes of sanctuary worship - the Table of Shewbread, the Candlestick and the Altar of Incense. The dynamics of each of these articles have one thing in common, they are associated with the transformational process - spiritual growth. Understanding these three processes will provide a perspective of God's will for each Christian today. These articles are discussed in chapters 9, 10 and 11.
"Holy"- (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #6944 qodesh (ko'-desh); from #6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstract, sanctity.
Use in KJV - consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.
#6942 qadash (kaw-dash'); a primitive root; to be (causatively, make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally).
Use in KJV - appoint, bid, consecrate, dedicate, defile, hallow, (be, keep) holy (-er, place), keep, prepare, proclaim, purify, sanctify (-ied oneself,), X wholly.
The Holy Place is a place for preparing and purifying God's people. So they can consecrate and dedicate themselves to God. Attaining to holiness is a sanctification experience.
Sanctuary" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #4720 miqdash (mik-dawsh'); or miqqedash (Exod. 15:17) (mik-ked-awsh'); from #6942; a consecrated thing or place, especially, a palace, sanctuary.
#6942 qadash (kaw-dash'); a primitive root; to be (causatively, make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally).
The sanctuary represents a process of cleansing the heart and soul of man, preparing the heart for the indwelling of Christ and God through the Holy Spirit. Man becomes a consecrated habitation of God. During this cleansing process of the soul, God will supply all that a believer needs in order to complete his transformation.
The Table of Shewbread (God's Provision)
Exodus 25:23-30 (KJV) - Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. (24) And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, and make thereto a crown of gold round about. (25) And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand breadth round about, and thou shalt make a golden crown to the border thereof round about. (26) And thou shalt make for it four rings of gold, and put the rings in the four corners that are on the four feet thereof. (27) Over against the border shall the rings be for places of the staves to bear the table. (28) And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table may be borne with them. (29) And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and bowls thereof, to cover withal: of pure gold shalt thou make them. (30) And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me always.
The word shewbread is derived from two Hebrew words.
#3898 lacham (law-kham'); a primitive root; to feed on; figuratively, to consume; by implication, to battle.
Use in KJV-- devour, eat, X ever, fight (-ing), overcome, prevail, (make) war (-ring).
2. "Shewbread" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #6440 paniym (paw-neem'); plural (but always as singular) of an unused noun paneh (paw-neh'); from #6437; the face (as the part that turns).
#6437 panah (paw-naw'); a primitive root; to turn; by implication, to face, i.e. appear, look, etc.
Combining the word lechem (bread) with paniym (shew) reveals a most important aspect of the sanctification process.
Lechem is taken from the root word lacham which means to feed. There are two perspectives concerning use of the word lechem in the scriptures.
First, Christ states that He is the true bread (manna) that comes down from heaven. He uses this figurative picture when breaking the bread and drinking the wine with the apostles at the Last Supper -
John 6:53-58 (NIV) - Jesus said to them, "I tell you the truth, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. (54) Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. (55) For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. (56) Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in him. (57) Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me. Christ states eating the bread and drinking the wine is to consume His body and His blood, Meaning both His body and His blood was given that we might have eternal life.
His blood is a covering of forgiveness and His body is given for our earthly needs while we are on the earth - Isaiah 53:5 (NIV) - But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. All of the words noted in bold type are afflictions upon His body, all of which are blessings given to us while on the earth - bore the debt of our sin, brought us peace in times of affliction and healed our physical bodies. While the Romans were afflicting Jesus in His flesh, God was giving life to those under the blood covering.
Secondly, bread (lechem) implies providing what's needed during times of battle. Feeding in this sense is to consuming spiritual manna as it applies to prevailing during battle, overcoming the forces that oppose the Christian's transformation. Bread for battle is faith in God's Word, equipping him to stand on the promises of God. The believer overcomes the desires of the sin nature that seek to stop his transformation. God is seeking overcomers!
Revelation 2:7 (KJV) He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.
This is a most interesting implied use of the word "lacham" as it applies to battle. It appears the Christian's perseverance during battle in some way nourishes his soul. Could it be his faith and steadfast stand against the evil forces of this world leads to the divine intervention of God in his life? Experiencing God's intervention, as a result of his prevailing steadfast faith in God's Word, builds (nourishes) his faith, even more, nourishes his soul and he grows closer and more intimate to God. When God intervenes in the time of battle and the Christian knows his victory is a sign from God that God is with him, intimacy with God is the result. His faith is nourished (grows) and he then knows God is with him in the next battle. Thus, the need for the word paniym to be added to lacham for the total meaning of "shewbread".
Shew (paniym) means the face of God. Verse 30 - And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me always. I believe shewbread implies God showing His provision during the building of faith, overcoming life's issues. The face of God is continually overseeing each Christian in his spiritual growth. For those whose hearts are fully committed to Him, God provides what's needed to overcome.
2 Chronicles 16:9 (KJV) - For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to shew himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect toward him. Herein thou hast done foolishly: therefore from henceforth thou shalt have wars.
Whatever the need of the believer, God will provide. Whether it is a word (manna) for the building of faith, comfort in times of grief and sorrow, strength for missionary work, healing when we are ill, light for the path we are to walk or no matter what the need, He will provide a way and an answer to our prayers of supplication.
Matthew 6:31-33 (NIV) - So do not worry, saying, 'What shall we eat?' or 'What shall we drink?' or 'What shall we wear?' (32) For the pagans run after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them. (33) But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.
When the Israelites were in the desert, God provided water to drink, manna and quail to eat. God is a provincial God during troubled times. This is very important precept to etch on the mind of the believer, God shews and proves His face is upon the Christian by His provision. God will provide!
Shewbread implies this - Remember when God heard the cry of the Israelites when they were under increased pressure by the Egyptians? God watched over the Israelites throughout their 400+ years in captivity. He never took His eyes off them. God saw and God provided in response to their cry! Exodus 3:16-17 (NIV) - "Go, assemble the elders of Israel and say to them, 'The LORD, the God of your fathers -- the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob -- appeared to me and said: I have watched over you and have seen what has been done to you in Egypt. (17) And I have promised to bring you up out of your misery in Egypt into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites - a land flowing with milk and honey.'
Verse 25 (Con't) - "A border of an hand breadth round about"; "Hand breath" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #2948 tophach (to'-fakh); from #2946.
Use in KJV-- hand-breadth (broad).
#2946 taphach (taw-fakh'); a primitive root; to flatten out or extend (as a tent); figuratively, to nurse a child (as promotive of growth).
KJV-- span, swaddle.
When God gave Moses used the word "hand-breath" as a measurement for the border around the top of the table, He had man in mind. In the foreshadow the word taphach figuratively reveals the spiritual feeding of the children of God to promote spiritual growth. This is just as important as the nursing of a child during physical growing years.
Man sits across the table of shewbread from God and God provides for his spiritual and physical needs.
Psalms 23:4-5 (KJV) - Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me. (5 ) Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
The provisional promises of God (spiritual bread) are utmost in the building of faith and should be an embedded precept in our hearts and minds. Then Christians will use this understanding of God's provision often in their daily issues of life.
Candlestick - Holy Spirit's Ministry of Truth Through the Church
The candlestick is the church, as revealed in Revelation 1:20 (KJV) - The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches. Using hindsight helps in a proper interpretation of the mystery of the candlestick in the tabernacle's Holy Place. This study will look at each specific instruction for the design of the candlestick. God's agenda for the body of Christ is revealed.
The candlestick literally provides light to the entire Holy Place (sanctuary). But, there is a much greater understanding hidden in its pattern. The candlestick represents the fruit produced by the light of truth.
Matthew 4:16 (NIV) - The people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned."
Luke 2:30-32(NIV) - For my eyes have seen your salvation, (31) which you have prepared in the sight of all people, (32) a light for revelation to the Gentiles and for glory to your people Israel."
Matthew 5:14-16 (NIV) - "You are the light of the world. A city on a hill cannot be hidden. (15) Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a bowl. Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives light to everyone in the house. (16) In the same way, let your light shine before men, that they may see your good deeds and praise your Father in heaven.
Matthew 6:22(NIV) - "The eye is the lamp of the body. If your eyes are good, your whole body will be full of light.
Spiritually, the candlestick represents God gloriously revealing Himself through Christ and the Holy Spirit. The church's ministry of truth under the power of Holy Spirit is a ray of light through a darken carnal haze. The light of truth is first experienced by faith in what is heard by each Christian as he accepts Christ as Savior and Lord. Then, as a member of the church, he sends God's light of truth to others who sit in darkness. The Spirit's ministry of truth is an essential experience for each Christian and paramount to the growth of God's family. This is the message of the candlestick - the church is God's light to the world and Jesus, via the Holy Spirit, is the Lamp - Revelation 21:22-24 (NIV) - The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp.
(31) And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.
(32) And six branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side:
(33) Three bowls made like unto almonds, with a knop and a flower in one branch; and three bowls made like almonds in the other branch, with a knop and a flower: so in the six branches that come out of the candlestick.
(34) And in the candlestick shall be four bowls made like unto almonds, with their knops and their flowers.
(35) And there shall be a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches that proceed out of the candlestick.
(36) Their knops and their branches shall be of the same: all it shall be one beaten work of pure gold.
(37) And thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it.
(38) And the tongs thereof, and the snuff dishes thereof, shall be of pure gold.
(39) Of a talent of pure gold shall he make it, with all these vessels.
(40) And look that thou make them after their pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount.
The following is a breakdown of the pattern of the candlestick in order to validate it's mystery (hidden meaning, as mentioned in Revelation 1:20). The apostle Paul refers to the mystery of God as The church's ministry of the gospel - Ephesians 3:9-10 (KJV) - And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ: (10) To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God.
Verse 31 (Con't) - Candlestick - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #4500 manowr (maw-nore'); from #5214; a yoke (properly, for plowing).
#5214 niyr (neer); a root word, through the idea of the gleam of a fresh furrow; to till the soil.
Use in KJV-- break up.
Matthew 11:28-12:1 (NIV) - Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. (30) For my yoke is easy and my burden is light."
When the church undertakes the great commission of Christ to "Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. (16) He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned. - Mark 16:15-16, the soil of man's heart is opened by faith and repentance and the seed of the Word of God is sown into his heart.
When Christians accept the Word by faith, they put on the yoke of Christ and learn from Him and find rest for their souls. To follow after Christ is not a burdensome endeavor because He oversees our lives. The Word of God is sown into the heart of each Christian and he grows in faith and becomes a functioning and contributing part of the body of Christ (the candlestick).
The work of the Holy Spirit is to teach man the truth of God. When the Holy Spirit reveals truth and man hears and accepts it by faith, the Holy Spirit empowers him to repent and change the course of his / her life. The Holy Spirit is breaking up (tilling) the soil of man's soul, and God sows His seed (Word) into this newly furrowed soil.
Luke 8:11 (KJV) - Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God.
Through the church the Holy Spirit desires to sow the Word into the hearts and minds of others (break up the soil of earthly natures), else the kingdom of God ceases to grow. Thus, Christ commissioned the church (each Christian) to sow the Word of God into all the earth. The church's sowing of the Word of God under the power of the Holy Spirit is the meaning of the pattern of the candlestick.
The candlestick is a excellent foreshadow revealing a very important part of sanctuary worship. The sin nature is broken up by the Word of God, in the same way as a plow tills the soil. Then the seed is sown, it will take root, grow, develop and produce fruit. Then in due season the harvest takes place. This is the metaphorical meaning of bowls, knops and flowers as used in the design of the candlestick. What fruit is produced by the seeding of God's Word in the minds of men?
2 Corinthians 3:18 (KJV) - But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.
The fruit of the Word is to changed Christians into the image of Christ. It is a process of spiritual growth from glory to glory by the Holy Spirit.
"Glory" - (Strong's Concordance - Greek) #1391 doxa (dox'-ah); from the base of #1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literal or figurative, objective or subjective):
Use in KJV - dignity, glory (-ious), honour, praise, worship.
#1380 - dokeo (dok-eh'-o); a prolonged form of a primary verb, doko (dok'-o) (used only in an alternate in certain tenses; to think; by implication, to seem (truthfully or uncertainly):
Use in KJV - be accounted, (of own) please (-ure), be of reputation, seem (good), suppose, think, trow.
When the Christian lives by the Word of God it is because his mind is renewed and he thinks according to God's truth. His walk in life reveals his heart belongs to Christ. This is his reputation and personal dignity. He's known by others as a good man of God. Christ gets the glory by the life he lives. Then the Christian is glorified, which is his praise from God.
Every good thing from God begins with the seeding of God's Word in the heart of man. A seed that takes root and grows to spiritual maturity. The Word is a seed that takes root by faith in what cannot be seen.
When Jesus ascended to the right hand of God, he physically left the earth and cannot be seen. He will remain unseen and seated in the heavenly realms through the end time tribulation - Matthew 25:31 (NIV) - "When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory."
During this time of being unseen, Jesus left man with two things, the Word of His testimony and the Holy Spirit. It is therefore reasonable to believe that everything God wants to do in the Christian's life during this time is done through the Holy Spirit's administration of God's truth. The candlestick's message of truth is a seed upon which faith is rooted.
"Pure gold" - The entire candlestick was to be made of pure gold. The candlestick is one of two things in the tabernacle that was made of pure gold. The other is the mercy seat / cover for Ark of the Covenant. Pure gold represents the perfect work of glorification, the glory of God being shown to man through Christ - a perfect work of Christ through the Holy Spirit's ministry of the gospel. Christ is glorified in us, as we are fully persuaded that He is who He said He is and we give our lives to Him.
John 17:20-23 (NIV) - "My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, (21) that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. (22) I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one: (23) I in them and you in me. May they be brought to complete unity to let the world know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.
Verse 31 (Con't) - "Beaten work" - The ministry of the Word of God was made perfect through the "beaten work" of Jesus. Jesus suffered as he died for the sins of man and His blood covers the ministry of the Word. Through the Word of God, faith comes. Jesus was made perfect as the author of faith through suffering.
Hebrews 12:2 (KJV) - Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
Hebrews 5:8-9 (KJV) - Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; (9) And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him.
Ministry of the gospel's truth of Jesus' death and resurrection is the foundation of salvation and the spiritual rebirth of man. In suffering, Jesus learn obedience and was made perfect as the author of faith and foundation of our salvation.
Verse 31 (Con't) - "Candlestick be made" - The salvation and rebirth of man is structured and divinely directed by God. He orchestrated the death and resurrection of Jesus and Jesus oversees the salvation and spiritual growth of the church (the candlestick). Therefore, the church (Christians) is made real by a beaten work (longsuffering and perseverance during trials of faith). This is the meaning of Christ's command - Matthew 16:24 (KJV) - Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me. Each Christian will be formed out of longsuffering and perseverance, during which he will need a cross to sacrifice his old ways and patterns of behavior.
Verse 31 (Con't) - "His shaft" - The scripture's use of the masculine pronoun "His" symbolically represents Christ, who is the center of the candlestick's work (church's gospel ministry). When Moses wrote down the pattern of the candlestick, he saw Jesus and the fruit (church) of His suffering.
"Shaft" - (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew) #3409 yarek (yaw-rake'); from an unused root meaning to be soft; the thigh (from its fleshy softness); by euphemism the generative parts; figuratively, a shank, flank, side.
Yarek means (euphemistically) the generative aspect (birth) of the branches that originate from the side of the shaft. Without a doubt the shaft is Christ Jesus because the body of Christ was birth under the blood from His side - John 19:33-36 (NIV) - Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. (35) The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe.
The branches that attach to the side of the shaft represent Christians, as well as the corporate church, who are generated by faith (re-birth) in the blood that was spilled from the side of Christ for the forgiveness of sins. The blood of Jesus is the generative power for the re-birth of man into the family of God. This is why the Apostle John in verse 35 emphasizes our need to believe in the blood from the side of Jesus.
We have faith in His blood covering because of the seed that was planted in us through the preaching and teaching of God's Word through the body of Christ. The Holy Spirit empowers the believer to stand in faith through life's transformational experiences. This is the foundational meaning in the pattern of the candlestick.
Verse 31 (Con't) - "His branches" - Branches are those who by faith accept Christ as Lord and serve in the ministry of the gospel. The Christian abides in Christ as the branches abide in the vine (abide in the shaft).
John 15:5 (KJV) - I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.
This scripture most adequately reveals the pattern of "His shaft and His branches". The metaphor of the vine is the same as the metaphor of the candlestick. Branches abide in both the vine and the shaft of the candlestick. The purpose of the branches is to produce fruit through the ministry of the Word of God - John 15:1-2 (NIV) - "I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener. (2) He cuts off every branch in me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit he prunes so that it will be even more fruitful.
"Branches" - (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew) #7069 qanah (kaw-naw'); a primitive root; to erect, i.e. create; by extension, to procure, especially by purchase (causatively, sell); by implication to own.
Use in KJV - attain, buy (-er), teach to keep cattle, get, provoke to jealousy, possess (-or), purchase, recover, redeem.
The root word qanah means to own branches through redemption and by purchase. The church was created by faith in the blood of Christ. Christ purchased the church with His blood. God owns the church through Christ. The church is glorified in Christ and Christ is glorified in God.
Revelation 5:8-9 (NIV) - And they sang a new song: "You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, because you were slain, and with your blood you purchased men for God from every tribe and language and people and nation.
Each branch represents the corporate church and each Christian's ministry of the Word of God under the power of the Holy Spirit.
Verse 31 (Con't) - "Bowls" - (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew) #1375 gebiya` (gheb-ee'-ah); from an unused root (meaning to be convex); a goblet; by analogy, the calyx of a flower.
Use in KJV - house, cup, pot.
The bowl is the calyx of the flower. Out of the calyx on the shaft, branches grow. From the calyx the bud appears, the flower blossoms and fruit is produced. The house of God grows.
I believe the calyx is the seed (Word) of God from which the body of Christ grows - John 12:23-24 (NIV) - I tell you the truth, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds. Christ was the seed of God because He was the Word and He was God's Son. When He died at Calvary He produced many seeds.
Verse 31 (Con't) - "Knop" - (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew) #3730 kaphtor (kaf-tore'); or kaphtowr (kaf-tore'); probably from an unused root meaning to encircle; a chaplet; but used only in an architectonic sense, i.e. the capital of a column, or a wreath-like button or disk on the candelabrum: knop, (upper) lintel.
Kaphtor denotes encircling (surrounding) a wreath-like cap on top of a column. This image brings to mind the gold caps (capitals) that sit atop the entrance pillars of the tent used in the structure of the tabernacle. A previous part of this study reveals the pillars (columns) to be the children of God. I believe the knop denotes the crown of Christ. A crown that is by faith and obedience to Christ's testimony. Each Christian's mind renewed by faith in God's spoken Word is a kaphtor.
Deuteronomy 11:17-18 (NIV) - Fix these words of mine in your hearts and minds; tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads.
The knop (crown) is the preeminent authority of Christ over the ministry of His Word, employed by the Christian through faith. Luke 9:1-2 (NIV) - When Jesus had called the Twelve together, he gave them power and authority to drive out all demons and to cure diseases, (2) and he sent them out to preach the kingdom of God and to heal the sick.
When Christians employ power and authority in the ministry of God's Word he will mature as a pillar in the body of Christ with a wreath-like caplet of gold - the crown.
James 1:12 (NIV) - Blessed is the man who perseveres under trial, because when he has stood the test, he will receive the crown of life that God has promised to those who love him.
1 Thessalonians 2:19-20 (NIV) - For what is our hope, our joy, or the crown in which we will glory in the presence of our Lord Jesus when he comes? Is it not you? (20) Indeed, you are our glory and joy.
2 Timothy 4:6-8 (NIV) - For I am already being poured out like a drink offering, and the time has come for my departure. (7) I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. (8) Now there is in store for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day- and not only to me, but also to all who have longed for his appearing.
Revelation 3:11-12 (NIV0 - I am coming soon. Hold on to what you have, so that no one will take your crown. (12) Him who overcomes I will make a pillar in the temple of my God.
Verse 31 (Con't) - "Flowers" - (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew ) #6525 perach (peh'-rakh); from #6524; a calyx (natural or artificial); generally, bloom.
Use in KJV - blossom, bud, flower.
#6524 parach (paw-rakh'); a primitive root; to break forth as a bud, i.e. bloom; generally, to spread; specifically, to fly (as extending the wings); figuratively, to flourish.
The root word parach figuratively denotes the Word of God (once seeded in the heart of the Christian) breaking forth as a bud and flourishing (blossom) under the power of the Holy Spirit as a result of the personal ministry of the Word of God.
Man hears the truth of God's Word and accepts and believes what he heard (bowl). God's Word (seed) takes root and his mind begins a process of renewal (buds and blossoms). He quickly grows to understand the absolute truth and authority of God's Word and by faith employs authority in life's circumstances (knop). His testimony of God's truth (seeding) to others he meets along the Way produces fruit (other buds and blossoms).
Matthew 13:7-9 (NIV) - Still other seed fell on good soil, where it produced a crop - a hundred, sixty or thirty times what was sown.( 9) He who has ears, let him hear."
2 Corinthians 3:18(KJV) - But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.
Bowls, knops and flowers is a symbolic representation of the growth of the body of Christ (from seed through full blossom) through the ministry of grace and truth.
Verse 32 (Con't) - And six branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side.
The pattern of the candlestick specifically calls for three branches on one side and three branches on the other side of the shaft (Christ). As previously mentioned, each branch represents the church's ministry of the Word of God under the power of the Holy Spirit.
But why are there three branches on one side and three on the other? This is a most interesting part of the candlestick's pattern! In the book of Revelation there were seven candlesticks representing the seven churches. All the candlesticks were alike, meaning each church in Revelation belongs to one candlestick pattern. This is validated by Christ closing out each letter with the phrase "He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches". Each letter is addressed to all the churches, not just one specific church. So, in each church the Holy Spirit has a seven faceted work in transforming the mind to God's truth. After the Holy Spirit was poured out upon the 120 disciples in the upper room, there was only one church. The ministry of the gospel began in through one church under the power of the Holy Spirit. But, soon after it's beginning there appeared the gnostics, the Nicolaitans, the Judaisers, etc. to pervert the truth of the gospel and formed groups of unwitting believers to follow them. This is the very beginnings of dividing original groups of believers. Paul the apostle encountered divisions in the churches he established. For instance, when he returned to Corinth he discovered contentions in the congregation of believers he left behind after his first visit to Corinth - 1 Corinthians 1:10-11 (KJV) - Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment. (11) For it hath been declared unto me of you, my brethren, by them which are of the house of Chloe, that there are contentions among you. So, divisions in the church began two thousand years ago and continue to this day. Today, there are many denominations, many doctrines and many revised Bibles. The corporate church is a very fragmented group of believers. So, there is a seven faceted work of ministry by the Holy Spirit to be accomplished in the corporate church, so the corporate church will be ready for the return of Christ and His judgment of the body of believers. Scholars have long believed the seven lamps on the Lampstand represents the seven fold work of the Holy Spirit. I believe this insight is good for the edification of the church, but not many relate the seven lamps to the seven letters, as they should.
But, when Moses was given instructions for the pattern, I believe there is a higher meaning for the Holy Spirit's ministry of the gospel. I believe each branch represents God's agenda for specific times for the overall ministry of the gospel, because the Jews and Gentiles must be brought together into one body to inherit the Abrahamic promise of God's blessing that is in Christ. Once each ministry the gospel goes out and the Word is seeded, then there start to appear divisions in the body. So, God's agenda for the ministry of the gospel was formed prior to the seeding of the gospel. God has established three different ministries of the gospel on one side and three different ministries of the gospel on the other. This is a very important understanding concerning God's agenda for the ministry of His Word.
In order to form a proper framework for studying the six branches or six ministries of the Word of God, the following scripture will be used as presupposition for the remaining study for the candlestick.
Ephesians 3:2-6 (NIV) - Surely you have heard about the administration of God's grace that was given to me for you, (3) that is, the mystery made known to me by revelation, as I have already written briefly. (4) In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, (5) which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God's holy apostles and prophets. (6) This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus.
The purpose of the ministry of the gospel is to bring Gentiles and Jews together into one body as co-heirs of God (sons of God) to the promise (Abrahamic Covenant promise) that is in Christ Jesus. Therefore, if the candlestick represents the church's ministry of the Word of God, then the branches represent ministries of the gospel to the Gentiles and Jews. The pattern of the candlestick calls for two sets of three branches. One set for the Gentiles and one set for the Jews. One set on one side of the shaft (Christ) and one set on the other side. The objective of Christ (the shaft in the center of the branches) is to eliminate the dividing wall of hostility between Jew and Christian in order to unite them into one body. The only way to unite Jew and Gentile into one body as heirs of God is through the preaching of the gospel.
There are three ministries of the gospel to the Jews and three ministries to the Gentiles. Like other secrets of God, the three ministries of the Word to the Jew and three to the Gentiles is not literally seen in the Bible because they were kept hidden in God. The church's ministry of the gospel was kept secret from the Old Testament prophets and was not reveal to anyone until after Jesus' death and resurrection. So, Moses nor any other prophet after him knew the prophetic patterns of the tabernacle. Like all things that were hidden in God, this too is hidden manna and is revealed only through the Holy Spirit.
For the Jew -
First Ministry - Matthew 10:5-8 (NIV) - These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: "Do not go among the Gentiles or enter any town of the Samaritans. (6) Go rather to the lost sheep of Israel. (7) As you go, preach this message: 'The kingdom of heaven is near.' (8) Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse those who have leprosy, drive out demons. Freely you have received, freely give.
Christ instructs the apostles to go only to the Jews and preach the gospel. They were not to go to the Gentiles because the agenda of God concerning the gospel was directed to the Jews at that particular time. This ministry was under the Abrahamic Covenant Law and for the atonement of sin through the blood sacrifice of animals because Jesus had not yet died for the sins of mankind. So, the gospel could not go to the Gentiles at that time.
"Do not go among the Gentiles" - This statement reveals Jesus was under a specific agenda for the ministry of the gospel to the Jews.
This ministry was initiated prior to Jesus' crucifixion, setting it apart (distinctively) from the other two ministries of the gospel after His resurrection and ascension into heaven.
Second Ministry - Acts 2:14-16 (NIV) - Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd: "Fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say. (15) These men are not drunk, as you suppose. It's only nine in the morning! (16) No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel.
Acts 2:22-24 (NIV) - "Men of Israel, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know. 23 This man was handed over to you by God's set purpose and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross. 24 But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him.
Acts 2:36-39 (NIV) - "Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ." (37) When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, "Brothers, what shall we do?" (38) Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. (39) The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off-for all whom the Lord our God will call."
Acts 2:40-41 (NIV) - With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, "Save yourselves from this corrupt generation." (41) Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their number that day.
Immediately after the infill and anointing of the Holy Spirit in the Upper Room, Peter preached to the Jews only. This began the second ministry of the gospel to the Jews. This ministry is distinctively different from the first ministry -
1. Jesus's sacrificial blood was spilled for mankind's sin. Animal sacrifice for the atonement of sin and the Levitical Priesthood was abolished. The New Blood Covenant was inaugurated.
2. Christ is not on the earth. He is in heaven at the right hand of God serving as High Priest for the Jews.
3. He has poured out His Spirit upon the disciples to anoint them for ministry. This began a time of faith in things unseen.
Like the first ministry, this second ministry to accept Jesus as Messiah was also rejected by the Jews. Thus, God sent the gospel to the Gentiles as the disciples were scattered amongst the Gentiles to avoid persecution. This ministry is seen going to the Gentiles in the Parable of the Wedding Banquet - Matthew 22:8-9 (KJV) - "Then he said to his servants, 'The wedding banquet is ready, but those I invited did not deserve to come. (9) Go to the street corners and invite to the banquet anyone you find.'
Third Ministry - This ministry begins with the opening of the first seal which also begins the end time great tribulation (Daniel's seventieth week). This ministry is under the teaching of the 144,000 evangelist servants and three angels. This ministry is different from the first two ministries because the agenda time of the Jews' salvation has arrived. The times will be much more difficult and the Jews' need for God is greatly increased. God is fulfilling the final week of Daniel's prophecy for the salvation of Israel. Additionally, the gospel continues to the Gentiles globally.
Note: See FOR THE EYES OF YOUR UNDERSTANDING - Volume V, Revelation - Gods End Time Agenda for an in-depth study of the three ministries of the gospel
For the Gentile -
First Ministry - Began when the disciples were scattered amongst the Gentiles to avoid persecution. Shortly after this time, Paul was called by Christ to the "point man" in carrying the gospel to the Gentiles. This ministry to the Gentiles overlays the second ministry to the Jews because God is grafting in the Gentiles to the Abrahamic covenant promise that is in Christ Jesus. The "times of the Gentiles" is under Jewish covenant agenda.
Second Ministry - Coincides with the third ministry of the gospel to the Jews during the first half of the seven year tribulation. This is a great time for preaching the gospel globally. It would not require 144,000 servants and three angels to preach only to the nation of Israel, but it would require 144,000 and three angels to preach the gospel globally. This is occurring under the agenda of the seals in the book of Revelation.
Third Ministry - Coincides with the agenda time of the seven trumpets during the last half of the seven year tribulation. At the end of the sixth trumpet the time for the mystery of God (ministry of the gospel) is completed. Revelation 10:6-7 (NIV) - But in the days when the seventh angel is about to sound his trumpet, the mystery of God will be accomplished, just as he announced to his servants the prophets."
The agenda time of the gospel is closed and the seventh trumpet is sounded. Under the Seven Trumpets (events of wrath against the Jews) the gospel is being preached globally by the 144,000 servants and three angels. Then after the first six trumpets is accomplished, agenda time for the gospel is closed and the rest of the world outside the nation of Israel enters into a time of wrath under the Seven Bowls of Wrath (Vials - KJV).
One can see the agenda for the three ministries of the gospel to Jews and Gentiles as Christ brings both into one body…His body. The family of God is completed just prior to agenda time for wrath against unrepentant mankind. Wrath first for the Jew and then for the Gentile. The Jew was the first to receive the gospel and then for the Gentile, and also first to receive wrath and then for the Gentile.
Romans 1:16 (NIV) - I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile.
Romans 2:8-9 (NIV) - There will be trouble and distress for every human being who does evil: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile.
Note: For a sensible clear understanding of the Book of Revelation it is important to see God's agenda for the ministry of the gospel to Jew and Gentile.
Verse 34 (Con't) - And in the candlestick shall be four bowls made like unto almonds, with their knops and their flowers.
The pattern of the candlestick calls for four bowls (knops - KJV) on the shaft, one bowl beneath each pair of branches and a fourth above the branches. The fourth bowl does not have branches sprouting from it. This bowl is unique from the others because is not associated with the ministry of the gospel, as in the branches. The ministry of the gospel was closed prior to sounding the seventh trumpet. So, the fourth bowl on the candlestick has to do with a time after the closing of the gospel ministries. However, the fourth bowl is still a part of growing in the Word under the power of the Holy Spirit. The fourth bowl is still a part of the mission of Christ (shaft) because it is an extension of the shaft.
After the mystery of the gospel is accomplished, the Jew and Gentiles are united into one body, which is the objective of God through the church's ministry of the gospel.
John 17:20-23 (NIV) - "My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, (21) that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. (22) I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one: (23) I in them and you in me. May they be brought to complete unity to let the world know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.
Then the Body of Christ (Jew and Gentile) enters the millennium time to continue maturing in the Word and in its relationship with Christ. The millennium time continues ripening the fruit on the vine, so to speak. This is a time of continued glorification of the body until the body is no longer short of the glory of God. Christ's mission is to rear up the family of God into full glorification. Then God will come to the earth with the New Jerusalem and His family can look Him in the face and not die. Then the prophetic meaning of the candlestick's pattern if fulfilled.
The candlestick's pattern is a perfect representation of Christ through the Holy Spirit ministering the Word of God to each individual and through the corporate church to the rest of the world. The design of the pattern of the candlestick is perfectly in sync with the agenda of God and with His heart.
The Altar of Incense
Exodus 30:1-8 (KJV) - And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim wood shalt thou make it. (2) A cubit shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits shall be the height thereof: the horns thereof shall be of the same. (3) And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt make unto it a crown of gold round about. (4) And two golden rings shalt thou make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt thou make it; and they shall be for places for the staves to bear it withal. (5) And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold. (6) And thou shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy seat that is over the testimony, where I will meet with thee. (7) And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it. (8) And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations. (9) Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon. (10) And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the LORD.
Verse 1 (Con't) - "Shittim" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #7848 shittah (shit-taw'); feminine of a derivative [only in the plural shittiym (shit-teem'); meaning the sticks of wood] from the same as #7850; the acacia (from its scourging thorns).
#7850 - shotet (sho-tate'); active participle of an otherwise unused root meaning (properly, to pierce; but only as a denominative from #7752) to flog; a goad.
#7752 - showt (shote) a lash (literally or figuratively)
Use in KJV - scourge, whip.
Shittim or acacia wood is a word derived from the root word shotet, which means to pierce, flog or goad. It was fitting to call this tree shittim / acacia because of its scourging thorns. When shotet is used as a denominative with showt, it means to lash. Showt is used in the KJV to mean scourge and whip. Figuratively speaking, this wood is a perfect representation of Christ. Christ wore a scourging crown of thorns. He was flogged and lashed with the whip. He was pierced in His side with a spear. So when studying any item in the tabernacle where this wood was overlaid with gold, we should see Christ and His suffering. This wood also represents the Christian because he is to take up his cross daily and follow Christ. He is a representation of Christ in the earth. He is persecuted for his ministry of the Word. He dies daily for the sake of Christ - he no longer lives, but it is Christ that lives in him. He sacrifices daily his old pagan behavioral habits on the cross he bears. He is a man of longsuffering (the building of faith).
These were the articles to be made from shittim / acacia wood - The Ark of the covenant, boards for the structure of the tent, pillars for the entrance of the tent, Table of Shewbread, Altar of Incense and the Altar for Burnt Offerings in the courtyard. Each of these furnishings represent vital processes of transformation as earthly men are overlaid with the glory of God for transforming them into adopted sons of God. God is producing "after His own kind".
"Altar" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #4196 mizbeach (miz-bay'-akh); from #2076; an altar
#2076 zabach (zaw-bakh'); a primitive root; to slaughter an animal (usually in sacrifice).
Use in KJV - kill, offer, (do) sacrifice, slay.
The root word for altar is zabach which means to sacrifice. All altars are for sacrificing the earthly / carnal nature. Man sacrificing old beliefs and behavioral habits unto God and receiving the ministry of Christ through the Holy Spirit. Altars symbolically represent the place where man and Christ come together and touch each other. God is there and man is there in a tabernacling event. God is indwelling those who come to Him. Jesus is clearing His house as a perfect habitation. He raising up the temple again, just as He said He would - John 2:19 -21(KJUV) - Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. (20) Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? (21) But he spake of the temple of his body. All the furnishings in the Holy Place are associated with His endeavor to raise up the final temple of God in the earth.
Verse 2 (Con't) - "Where I will meet with thee" - The Altar of Incense was located close to the Veil of separation because it is where Christ meets with each Christian. Prayers offered at the Altar of Incense is a time of close intimate communion with the Lord. When Christ died on Calvary and His sacrificial blood atoned for the sins of man, the Veil was torn in two from top to bottom. This opened the way for Christians to offer their prayers of supplication directly to God without the intercession of an earthly priest. Spiritually, there was no longer a separation between Christians and God.
There is still a physical separation until the day each Christian expires and His body is raised in another form. Until that time the Altar of Incense figuratively is an act of worship nearest to Christ. Worship which includes acts of faith and relying on God: including supplication (relying on God for provision), thanksgiving (giving glory to God for provision and for overseeing your life) and praise (expressing love to God as He is the lover and keeper of our souls). The altar of Incense is a very special place of worship and communion. Communion that is vital for refreshing and for strength in following Christ. Without continual communion, the Christian's bones will dry and he will be in danger of legalistic religion. To me, the altar of incense (prayerful worship) is my watering hole in the wilderness! Because when I am weak, then I am strong!! Hallelujah!!
Verse 2 (Con't) - "Horns" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #7161 qeren (keh'-ren); from #7160; a horn (as projecting); by implication - a flask, cornet; by resemblance - an elephant's tusk (i.e. ivory), a corner (of the altar), a peak (of a mountain), a ray (of light); figuratively, power.
#7160 qaran (kaw-ran'); a primitive root; to push or gore; to shoot out horns; figuratively, rays.
Qeren (horn) means to project, as a mountain peak, as an elephant's tusk, and as a ray of light. Figuratively speaking, the horn on the altar means power to separate man unto God. Qeren is derived from the root word qaran which means to gore.
Prayers offered at the Altar of Incense are sacrificial acts of worship. The horns of the altar speak of the goring action which separates man from worldly things unto God. This is the act of sacrificial living. Faith in God's spoken Word (gospel), as the power of God (Holy Spirit) ministers (rays of light) to the heart and soul of the Christian. Faith in God's Word is like a double edged sword which divides asunder (gores) separating man from old behavioral habits unto God. Whatever man offers to God and leaves at the altar, God abundantly replaces with Himself through Christ and the Holy Spirit. When we pray we need to hold onto the horns of the altar through faith in God's promises. Hold on and do not waiver in our faith!!
The Holy Spirit projects forth (as a horn), like an omnipresent ray of light, responding to faith in God's Word. 2 Chronicles 16:9 (KJV) - For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to shew himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect toward him.
Verse 8 (Con't) - "Incense" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #7004 qetoreth (ket-o'-reth); from #6999; a fumigation.
Use in KJV - (sweet) incense, perfume.
#6999 qatar (kaw-tar'); a primitive root [identical with #7000 through the idea of fumigation in a close place and perhaps thus driving out the occupants]; to smoke, i.e. turn into fragrance by fire (especially as an act of worship).
Use in KJV - burn (incense, sacrifice) (upon), (altar for) incense, kindle, offer (incense, a sacrifice)
#7000 qatar (kaw-tar'); a primitive root; to enclose
Use in KJV - join.
Qetoreth is derived from the root word qatar which means to turn into a sweet fragrance by fire as an act of worship. This is a sacrificial fire. Meaning that when man repents and leaves his sin and disobedience at the altar, it is received by God as a sweet fragrance. This sacrificial fire was kindled by Jesus as He stated in Luke 12:49-50 (NIV) - "I have come to bring fire on the earth, and how I wish it were already kindled! (50) But I have a baptism to undergo, and how distressed I am until it is completed! The fire was kindled on the cross. It is the fire of the Holy Spirit!! A fire that concentrates man unto God.
For the Christian this is a sacrificial act of faith in which God encloses (hedges about) and joins the Christian in his transformational experience. Luke 3:15-16 (NIV) - John answered them all, "I baptize you with water. But one more powerful than I will come, the thongs of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. This fire takes the things Christians leave at the altar through repentance and turns them into a sweet fragrance for the nostrils of God. There is no greater gift we can give God then our sins and our hearts.
Man sacrifices himself and gets an infusion of God, the Holy Spirit. Amen!!
Verse 8 (Con't) - "Perpetual" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #8548 tamiyd (taw-meed'); from an unused root meaning to stretch; properly, continuance (as indefinite extension); but used only (attributively as adjective) constant (or adverbially, constantly); ellipt. the regular (daily) sacrifice.
The aroma of incense (prayer) is to be offered continually before God because a continual attitude of prayer is continual communion with God and separates one's heart unto God. Continual prayer is doing warfare against one's mind from being polluted with worldly precepts and vain imaginations as he grows spiritually.
1 Thessalonians 5:16-18 (NIV) - Be joyful always; (17) pray continually; (18) give thanks in all circumstances, for this is God's will for you in Christ Jesus.
The Most Holy Place
The Most Holy Place is separated from the Holy Place by the vail with embroidered angels. Having been ceremonially cleansed, Aaron the chief priest could enter only once annually to offer an atonement of blood on behalf of the nation of Israel. Prior to the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus the law called for an earthly priest to intercede between God and the Israelites. He represented God to man and man to God. After the blood of Jesus was shed for the forgiveness of sins, the Levitical Priesthood was abolished. The following scripture describes this change -
Hebrews 7:11-8:13 (NIV) - If perfection could have been attained through the Levitical priesthood (for on the basis of it the law was given to the people), why was there still need for another priest to come-one in the order of Melchizedek, not in the order of Aaron? (12) For when there is a change of the priesthood, there must also be a change of the law. (13) He of whom these things are said belonged to a different tribe, and no one from that tribe has ever served at the altar. (14) For it is clear that our Lord descended from Judah, and in regard to that tribe, Moses said nothing about priests. (15) And what we have said is even more clear if another priest like Melchizedek appears, (16) one who has become a priest not on the basis of a regulation as to his ancestry but on the basis of the power of an indestructible life. (17) For it is declared:
"You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek."
(18) The former regulation is set aside because it was weak and useless (19) (for the law made nothing perfect), and a better hope is introduced, by which we draw near to God. (20) And it was not without an oath! Others became priests without any oath, (21) but he became a priest with an oath when God said to him:
"The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind: 'You are a priest forever.'"
(22) Because of this oath, Jesus has become the guarantee of a better covenant. (23) Now there have been many of those priests, since death prevented them from continuing in office; (24) but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood. (25) Therefore he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them. (26) Such a high priest meets our need-one who is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens. (27) Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself. (28) For the law appoints as high priests men who are weak; but the oath, which came after the law, appointed the Son, who has been made perfect forever.
Inauguration of phase two of the Abraham Covenant -
Hebrews 8:1-13 (NIV) - The point of what we are saying is this: We do have such a high priest, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, (2) and who serves in the sanctuary, the true tabernacle set up by the Lord, not by man. (3) Every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices, and so it was necessary for this one also to have something to offer. (4) If he were on earth, he would not be a priest, for there are already men who offer the gifts prescribed by the law. (5) They serve at a sanctuary that is a copy and shadow of what is in heaven. This is why Moses was warned when he was about to build the tabernacle: "See to it that you make everything according to the pattern shown you on the mountain." (6) But the ministry Jesus has received is as superior to theirs as the covenant of which he is mediator is superior to the old one, and it is founded on better promises. (7) For if there had been nothing wrong with that first covenant, no place would have been sought for another. (8) But God found fault with the people and said:
"The time is coming, declares the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. (9) It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they did not remain faithful to my covenant, and I turned away from them, declares the Lord. (10) This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time, declares the Lord. I will put my laws in their minds and write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. (11) No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, 'Know the Lord,' because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest. (12) For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more."
(13) By calling this covenant "new," he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear.
When the vail was torn in two from top to bottom at that very same moment Jesus gave up the Spirit and died on the cross, the Levitical Priesthood was abolished. The risen Jesus became the High Priest of the New Blood Covenant. The Ark of the Covenant and the Mercy Seat of God in the earth was moved into heaven.
Revelation 11:19 (NIV) - Then God's temple in heaven was opened, and within his temple was seen the ark of his covenant.
Metaphorically speaking, the vail torn in two represents the Way to God under the blood of Christ is open to all believers who in their heart accept Christ as Savior and Lord of their lives. There is no spiritual separation between God and each Christian. Christ represents God to each Christian and represents each Christian to God. What a great blessing to have the Son of God represent us to our Heavenly Father! I am so honored because by His suffering that He was made perfect as my Advocate before God our Father. It is difficult to wrap my finite mind around the depth and height of God's love for us, His adopted sons.
Phase one of the Abrahamic Covenant is made obsolete. Only the moral law and decrees was kept active. Else, apart from the Law man could not be convicted of sin.
Romans 7:7 (NIV) - What shall we say, then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! Indeed I would not have known what sin was except through the law. For I would not have known what coveting really was if the law had not said, "Do not covet."
Each Christian will be held accountable for any unrepentant sin in his life when he comes before God for judgment. This is the judgment of the church during the end time. Romans 2:12 (NIV) - All who sin apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who sin under the law will be judged by the law.
Romans 3:19-24 (NIV) - Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the whole world held accountable to God. (20) Therefore no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin. (21) But now a righteousness from God, apart from law, has been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify. (22) This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference, (23) for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, (24) and are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.
The Most Holy Place - Literally
For the Jew - The Most Holy Place is still a part of the earthly temple. During the fall of Jerusalem in 70 AD the temple was destroyed and the Jews were dispersed into other regions of the world to avoid persecution. Since that time until now, the temple has not been rebuilt. Orthodox Jews long for the re-construction of the temple and restoration of ritualistic worship.
I believe the temple will be rebuilt just prior to God turning back to the Jew with the gospel through the 144,000. Otherwise, there would be not need for the anti-christ put an end to sacrifice and offering (oblation - KJV) at the middle of the seven year tribulation? Daniel 9:27 (NIV) - He will confirm a covenant with many for one 'seven.' In the middle of the 'seven' he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on a wing [of the temple] he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him."
It seems that God will set up the end times to be the same as it was when the Jews rejected Jesus as the Messiah. A one world governing authority will be established as it was with Rome. The temple will be re-built and the sacrifice of animals for the atonement of sin will be re-instated. Then the 144,000 Jewish evangelists will arrive preaching the gospel as it was when the apostles and disciples preached under the anointing of the Holy Spirit immediately following Pentecost after the ascension of Christ. The New Testament gospel will come into direct contrast with the Law observed by the Jews.
For the Christian - The Most Holy Place was moved into heaven when Christ ascended to the right hand of God. The mercy seat on top of the Ark of the Testimony is still the throne of Christ. He replaced Aaron as High Priest and became the Overseer of our souls - 1 Peter 2:24-25 (NIV) - He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; by his wounds you have been healed. (25) For you were like sheep going astray, but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.
When Christ ascended to the right hand of God, He left us with two things - His testimony which is the testimony of God and the power of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit's agenda consists of three major things -
First, the Holy Spirit is imparted to each believer as a guarantee of what the future holds for him. The Holy Spirit imparts faith, hope and strength and other spiritual blessings to each believer during his spiritual growth, as needed. The fruits of the Spirit are seen in Galatians 5:22-23 (NIV) - But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, (23) gentleness and self-control.
Secondly, the Holy Spirit ranges through out the world seeking to show himself strong in behalf of the heart that is wholly committed to Christ - 2 Chronicles 16:8-9 (NIV) - For the eyes of the LORD range throughout the earth to strengthen those whose hearts are fully committed to him. When the unbeliever hears the word of God and believes what he heard, the Holy Spirit enters into his heart and confirms his faith, so he will know he did the right thing coming to Christ. Apart from the Holy Spirit the Word of God would fail in the church's ministry to the lost and to each Christian
Thirdly, the Holy Spirit calls and equips God's chosen vessels for works of service. Christians are emboldened and strengthened for the ministry of His testimony to the world. 1 Corinthians 12:4-13 (NIV) - There are different kinds of gifts, but the same Spirit. (5) There are different kinds of service, but the same Lord. (6) There are different kinds of working, but the same God works all of them in all men. (7) Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. (8) To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom, to another the message of knowledge by means of the same Spirit, (9) to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by that one Spirit, (10) to another miraculous powers, to another prophecy, to another distinguishing between spirits, to another speaking in different kinds of tongues, and to still another the interpretation of tongues. (11) All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and he gives them to each one, just as he determines. (12) The body is a unit, though it is made up of many parts; and though all its parts are many, they form one body. So it is with Christ. (13) For we were all baptized by one Spirit into one body - whether Jews or Greeks, slave or free - and we were all given the one Spirit to drink
If Christ had not left us His Word and the power of the Holy Spirit, He would not have left the earth and commissioned the body of Christ to be His ambassadors to the lost.
The Most Holy Place - Figuratively
The measurements of the Most Holy Place is ten cubits x ten cubits x ten cubits height. This equals one thousand cubits and represents a time frame of one thousand years - the millennium reign of Christ. The mercy seat (throne of Christ) will be on the earth, once again. This is a time of Christ further developing the body of Christ, the harvest from the second phase of His mission while He is seated in heaven between His ascension and second advent. Development centered on maturing the harvest through glorification until His body is no longer short of the glory of God. Then God will re-create the heavens and earth and return to the earth with the New Jerusalem.
Have we as Christians in the church been as productive as Christ intended?
Hebrews 2:6-8 (NIV) - "What is man that you are mindful of him, the son of man that you care for him? (7) You made him a little lower than the angels; you crowned him with glory and honor (8) and put everything under his feet." In putting everything under him, God left nothing that is not subject to him. Yet at present we do not see everything subject to him.
This scripture speaks of the preeminence of Christ over all things, both spiritually and physically. When Christ died on Calvary He bore all things which bring death into the souls of man, setting him free to live eternally. But, we still do not see all things subject to Christ. Why? This is the question that every preacher and teacher strives to answer in their quest to empower the church to spiritually grow in holiness. Why do Christians live in defeat? Why are Christians not producing fruit? Why are Christians complacent and failing to grow spiritually? Why are Christians fearful in their walk through this dimension of life?
Life in this world is centered on secular values, where life is good or bad based on one's achievements. Success in life is determined by the ability of each person to control his own destination. It is difficult for a Christian to rely on God rather than rely on his own strength and wit. When life's circumstances get tough or trouble comes, Christian's first employ all resources within their grasp to resolve these problems with the mindset that these resources are the answer to succeeding and gaining victory. Their direction in their conquests is structured around the resources under their control. Being focused and relying on personal resources as the answer to succeeding is a form idolatry. Still, they summoned God to bless their efforts and grant success in their personal campaigns while their reliance for succeeding is on themselves (personal wit, self-confidence and cunning abilities) rather than on God.
Eventually, each of us must reach a point where personal resources employed for gaining victory or succeeding will fail apart from devotion to God. God desires us to rely on Him because He loves us and is trustworthy. Apart form His provision, we are without hope in this world.
We, who by faith know and believe God's Word, will sow seeds we have at our disposal and turn to Him who is our Provision, relying on His mercy and grace because we know deep in our hearts that He loves us and is faithful to oversee our lives.
Ephesians 6:13-15 (NIV) - Therefore put on the full armor of God, so that when the day of evil comes, you may be able to stand your ground, and after you have done everything, to stand. (14) Stand firm then, with the belt of truth buckled around your waist, with the breastplate of righteousness in place, (15) and with your feet fitted with the readiness that comes from the gospel of peace.
"After you have done everything, to stand" - This phrase reveals our natural and first response to the trouble that comes into our lives. We respond with our own resources and wit.
"Stand firm then, with the belt of truth buckled around your waist" - When Christians exhaust their own efforts to stand, the belt of truth tells us to continue standing, trusting in God's promises. There should never be a time when we give up or give in to our circumstances. There should never be a time when we are to be ruled by our circumstances. We are ruled by the Word of God and His promises even when it appears (according to worldly wisdom) that it is over. This is the place of breakthrough!
Is it then necessary to endure each circumstance in this way?
"With the readiness that comes from the gospel" - This phase teaches us to be ready for the day of evil and trouble and be prepared in advance to respond to our circumstances according to the gospel truth. If we respond to trouble focused on God's promises held out in the gospel and rely on the love He has for us, we will have peace rather than fear, joy instead of mourning, hope instead of despair and know in our hearts that everything will result for our good because Jesus oversees our souls.
Personal victories (transformational experiences) is the first goal of Christ through the work of the Holy Spirit, but it is not the last. He has commissioned each Christian to serve Him in the ministry of grace and love to the lost and to new believers in the church. This is where the greatest fruit for the kingdom is achieved. It is also where the greatest reward is experienced.
Mark 9:33-35 (KJV) - And he came to Capernaum: and being in the house he asked them, What was it that ye disputed among yourselves by the way? (34) But they held their peace: for by the way they had disputed among themselves, who should be the greatest. (35) And he sat down, and called the twelve, and saith unto them, "If any man desires to be first, the same shall be last of all, and servant of all."
The greatest Christian experience is not a personal experience of God in personal matters, but rather experiencing the Holy Spirit working through us touching and changing the lives of others. A yielded vessel in service to Christ is the greatest experience of joy!
I believe this joy escapes a large portion of the Body of Christ because they are caught up in personal circumstances, striving to gain victory after victory after victory. In essence they spend most of their time doing warfare, because they have not come to a place of casting their troubles on God and working instead for the good of others.
When the church walks in victory and produces fruit in the ministry of God's grace to others (new believers and the lost) there will be great joy not attainable any other way. Heaven will rejoice seeing this great revival in the church and there will be many come to Jesus because of their ministries.
Christians should desire to be a part of the greatest in the kingdom.
Luke 22:26-30 (NIV) - But you are not to be like that. Instead, the greatest among you should be like the youngest, and the one who rules like the one who serves. (27) For who is greater, the one who is at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who is at the table? But I am among you as one who serves. (28) You are those who have stood by me in my trials. (29) And I confer on you a kingdom, just as my Father conferred one on me, (30) so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
Malachi 3:17-18(NIV) - "They will be mine," says the LORD Almighty, "in the day when I make up my treasured possession. I will spare them, just as in compassion a man spares his son who serves him. (18) And you will again see the distinction between the righteous and the wicked, between those who serve God and those who do not.
The body of Christ holds the keys to the kingdom and is responsible for taking the gospel of the kingdom to the lost world. It will be those who serve in the ministry of grace to others who will receive the greatest reward in this dimension of life as well as in the next dimension, the millennium - judging the twelve tribes of Israel. See FOR THE EYES OF YOUR UNDERSTANDING - Volume VI, The Seven Letters to the Seven Churches for an in-depth study of Christ's end time judgment of the Church.
When the church moves into the millennium (Most Holy Place) after the harvests, will you be wearing a crown serving in the government of Christ?
I encourage each reader to do his best in personal conquests trusting God that the outcome will be in his best interest. Look for opportunities that come your way and test the spirits with patience and pray, so your decisions will be good ones. Then pray for God to give you opportunities to minister love and grace to others who need encouragement or need to know Him. Spend the rest of your life working for a treasure that will not diminish, which no thief can steal nor moth can eat. Do not dedicate your life working for things you can't take with you. Timothy 6:17-19 (NIV) - Command those who are rich in this present world not to be arrogant nor to put their hope in wealth, which is so uncertain, but to put their hope in God, who richly provides us with everything for our enjoyment. (18) Command them to do good, to be rich in good deeds, and to be generous and willing to share. (19) In this way they will lay up treasure for themselves as a firm foundation for the coming age, so that they may take hold of the life that is truly life.